Professor Terence Morris


Terence Morris, Professor Emeritus of Criminology and Criminal Justice in the University of London, was the first director of the Mannheim Centre and taught at LSE from 1955-95. He has been a visiting academic in the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, the University of California, Berkeley and the University of Manitoba.

At LSE, he was awarded a Leverhulme Undergraduate Scholarship for his participant-observer study of rule-breaking among staff at a London railway terminus, and graduated with first class honours in sociology with a major option in social anthropology in 1953. One of the last two graduate students of Hermann Mannheim, he embarked upon a study of juvenile delinquency in Croydon and was awarded a PhD in 1955, subsequently published as The Criminal Area: a study in social ecology (1957).

After working in the Social Rehabilitation Unit at Belmont Hospital headed by Dr Maxwell Jones (1955-57), he began, under Mannheim's general supervision, a study of the prison community, inspired by the work of the American criminologists Clemmer and Sykes. This included spending a period living in a regional training prison, sleeping in a cell and working in the prison laundry. The latter part of the study was conducted in a London prison, assisted by the late Pauline Morris and Barbara Barer. This was published as Pentonville: the sociology of an English prison (1963).

Morris was for many years an active member of the Howard League for Penal Reform, serving on its executive and latterly as one of its vice-presidents. He was actively involved in the campaign for the abolition of capital punishment and served as a member of the Longford Committee, which advised Harold Wilson on penal and legal reform immediately before the return of the first Wilson administration. He subsequently served as an adviser to the Colonial (later Commonwealth) Office on crime and criminal justice in the Caribbean and Western Pacific territories.

As a Justice of the Peace in London (1967-91) he sat as a chairman at Tower Bridge and Camberwell Green magistrates' courts and in the family courts, serving for a period on the council of the Magistrates' Association and its then Treatment of Offenders Committee.

He was for a number of years a member of the editorial board of the British Journal of Criminology and managing editor of the British Journal of Sociology. He was a founding member of the British Society of Criminology and the Institute for the Study of Drug Dependence.

In addition to numerous articles, broadcasts, and contributions to various published works with other authors, his more general individual publications in criminology and criminal justice include Deviance and Control: the secular heresy (1976) and Crime and Criminal Justice in Britain since 1945. He has for many years worked closely with Sir Louis Blom-Cooper QC on the subject of the crime and penalties for homicide, their joint publications including A Calendar of Murder (1964) and With Malice Aforethought: a study of the crime and punishment for homicide (2004).