Index by subject

M

A| | B| | C| | D| | E| | F| | G| | H| | I| | J| | K| | L| | M | N| | O| | P| | Q| | R| | S| | T| | U| | V| | W| | X | Y| | Z| 

Malaria
   effect on mortality rate
      Ceylon 21.13, 23.18, 24.08, 28.12, 29.32, 29.33

Malaya
   birth registration 1947-57 18.03
   contingency tables 19.16
   ethnic differentials in child mortality 49.25
   urbanization 05.09

Malaysia
   age at first birth 34.30
   child mortality 37.20
      decline 49.25
   Family Life Survey 1976-7 37.20
   family planning programmes 32.16
   family size and educational attainment 51.12
   fertility decline 17.02, 36.21
   historical demography 34.26
   marriage and divorce 34.17
   population change 1960-80 40.05
   Zodiacal fertility timing 49.03

Mali
   fertility determinants 50.12
   population trends 49.07

Malta
   1959 sample survey 10.13
   fertility regulation 27.24

Malthus, Thomas Robert 33.22, 39.20, 41.13

Malthusian checks
   in developing world 06.05
   in historical Europe 14.11, 42.13
   in historical Norway 20.11

Malthusian doctrine
   and economic analysis 06.07, 07.12
   critiques 30.26
   in pre-civil war America 20.02
   neo-Malthusianism 06.05, 15.02, 32.30

Manpower
   trends in Europe 04.10

Marital dissolution/dissolution of sexual unions
   Britain 18.09
   impact on children 08.15, 46.12
   impact of fertility 33.38
   in Australia 47.21
   in Costa Rica 27.29
   models 47.21
   see also Divorce

Marital status
   and employment 13.02
   in Britain 12.09

Marriage/nuptiality
   age at marriage 07.06
      cross-cultural variations 25.17
      effect on fertility 02.18, 15.16
      historical 32.02, 48.05, 49.10
      impact on fertility in the past 30.30
      in Latin America 26.15
      timing of first birth 30.32
   Ancient Rome 18.21
   arranged marriages and mortality
      in Japan 49.13
   cohabitation
      childbearing behaviour 52.08
      patterns in Finland 49.04
   determinants of age at marriage 37.21
      in China 24.19
      in historical China 46.02
      in India 37.18
      in USA 09.12
   determinants of marriage rates
      in Australia 48.26
   determinants of marriage timing 32.39
      in Japan 45.26
   dowry inflation 47.14
   economic models 25.03, 35.19
   effect of economic fluctuations 50.07
   effect of parental preferences for grandchildren 52.08
   historical 52.07
   historical patterns
      in Balkans 44.06
      in early modern England 31.28, 37.09, 40.01
      in Europe 35.11
      in France 48.16
      in medieval England 39.04
   historical sources 28.19
   in Eastern Europe 44.06
   in Malaysia 34.17
   in Norway 07.03
   in Nepal 50.03
   in Spain 37.12
   instability
      Caribbean 24.11
   intermarriage 41.17, 45.02
      in Brazil 11.11
      migrant assimilation 11.11, 16.05
   life histories 44.07, 44.22
   models
      log linear 25.16, 43.08, 43.09, 45.02
   proportions marrying 07.06
      cross-cultural variations 25.17
      determinants 32.29
   see also Divorce, Fertility-marriage
      interrelations, Polygyny, Remarriage,
      Fertility determinants, intermediate
      variables, Intermarriage

Marriage determinants
   in Australia 48.26
   in Sweden 04.06
   in Thailand 42.17

Marriage levels and trends
   age differentials
      developing countries 40.22
   cohort patterns
      in England 30.09
   historical
      in Russia 30.12
   in Canada, US and New Zealand 27.31
   in Ireland 24.14
   in Sri Lanka 29.14
   indexes
      England 1921-47 05.10
   life tables 38.25
   teenage marriage 40.02

Marriage transition
   in eastern Europe 28.13
   in Hong Kong 25.34, 30.23
   in Malaya 17.02
   theory 25.30
      Dixon model 30.23

Marriage/union determinants
  
economic independence 52.16

Marshall, Alfred 08.18, 09.03

Maternal health
   survey of 1946 03.09

Mating tables
   West Indies 14.12

Mauritius
   historical demography 11.08

Men
  
conjugal and parental careers 52.10
   participation in family planning decisions 51.03

Mennonites
  
attitudes to abortion 51.11

Mental illness
   and fertility 23.26

Mexico
   fertility levels and trends 29.23, 31.11, 31.12
   fertility transition 52.15
   rural-urban fertility differentials 21.16

Microsimulation
   models 50.24

Middle East
   peasant populations 03.08

Migrants
   assimilation of 03.23, 05.13, 05.14, 07.08, 08.07, 11.11, 12.07
      Brazil 03.23
      France 03.23
      Germany 03.23
      historical 13.03
      intermarriage statistics 03.23, 16.05
      Israel 03.23
      language 03.23
      role of newspapers 12.05
   demographic behaviour of 32.21, 45.05
   fertility behaviour
      in Israel 51.24
   in East Africa 06.13
   marriage behaviour 16.09
   social behaviour 20.03
   social mobility
      Canada 18.04

Migration
   determinants
      in Senegal 52.06
   family strategy theory 42.23, 45.11
   from Canada (1960s) 33.07
   from colonies (post-war)
      to UK 07.01
   from historical Britain and Ireland
      to Australia 51.25
   from historical Poland 06.14
   from India 10.08, 10.09
   from Ireland 29.11
   from the Netherlands
      nineteenth century 46.28
   from Puerto Rico 34.04
   geographical planning
      post-war Europe 04.17
   historical 07.13, 09.13, 19.13, 35.10, 43.17, 44.02, 48.12
   indirect estimation
      in Brazil 46.07
      in Canada 33.07
   in Europe 02.17
   in Indonesia 12.12
   in Mali 49.07
   in Yemen Arab Republic 32.11
   interrelations with fertility
      Brazil 25.04
      Puerto Rico 20.06
   interrelations with fertility and
      urbanisation 35.15
      Brazil 25.04
   models
      cost-benefit 25.10, 28.10
      inter-war UK 31.31
   policy
      in China 51.07
      in post-war France 06.01
   refugees/displaced persons
      in Western Germany 03.23
      into Australia 05.13
      into Israel 05.11
      into UK 05.14, 08.07
   return migration
      Australia to UK 15.12
      Canada to UK 22.15
   rural-urban
      England and Wales 20.03
      Ghana 22.22
      Korea 38.09
   statistics
      Australia 19.02
      Israel 03.23
      West Indies in the past 20.09
   to New Zealand
      post-war 06.02, 11.06
   to USA
      professionals 24.15

Migration determinants
   push-factors 46.28
      in historical Britain 03.12
      in historical Ireland 29.11

Miscarriage
   see Abortion, spontaneous

Mobility
   see Social mobility

Morbidity
   historical 41.19, 43.02
   interrelations with mortality 45.26
   interrelations with unemployment 37.04
   models of infectious disease transmission
   and control 44.10

Mormonism
   attitudes to birth control 26.02
   fertility differentials 28.08
   polygyny in the past 30.28
   population history 32.01, 33.31

Morocco
   age estimation 24.07
   quality of vital registration 30.10

Mortality 50.26
   age differentials
      among centenarians 42.18
   age patterns 33.05
   analysis
      in heterogeneous populations 33.23
   and age distributions 22.13
   at high ages 10.17
   effect of economic fluctuations 50.07
   famine
      in Bangladesh 44.08
      in historical Asia 45.01
      in historical Japan 46.22
      in historical Ireland 14.05
      in Holland, 1945 47.02
      in Sudan 43.01
      models 43.01
   historical 41.03
      adult mortality 43.07
      age at death 39.04
      child and adult mortality 47.10
      from plague 37.02
      in China 51.10
      in Finland 25.21
      in France 32.20
      in Hungary 17.13
      in Liberia 48.06
      in Quebec 51.09
      medical evidence 09.09
      models 43.02, 43.07
      registration 32.35
      seasonality 42.03
      slave mortality 42.07
      value of life 38.10
   interrelations with economic development 29.18
   interrelations with economic status 30.26, 47.22
   interrelations with morbidity
      in Hungary 45.26
   interrelations with unemployment 37.04
   maternal 44.09
   reproductive 52.13
   sex differentials 24.01
      in Soviet Union 40.11
   social class differentials
      indices 16.13
      in England 39.02
      in historical Netherlands 43.19
   see also Child mortality
   standardisation 16.14

Mortality crossover
   ethnic differentials 40.24

Mortality determinants
   arranged marriage 49.13
   causes of death
      cholera 33.09
      international models 28.02
      tobacco consumption 27.12
   historical 01.20, 25.01, 25.11, 47.03
   impact of civil war
      in Bangladesh 30.06
   impact of public health services 29.20
   income
      international cross-section analysis 33.24
   in developing countries 19.07
   in historical England 04.07, 16.08, 27.15, 28.02, 34.05, 39.02, 39.09, 39.28, 40.08, 47.03
      First World War 30.33, 31.24
   in Hungary 39.05
   in Soviet Union 39.06
   in Taiwan 27.10
   of excess male mortality 24.01
   socioeconomic 01.12
      in India 37.10
      in Finland 49.05

Mortality estimation methods, 50.23
   African mortality 10.12
 160;  adjustment for death concealment 30.18
   census-based methods 37.06, 40.15
   comparison of different indirect methods 31.05, 31.07, 31.18, 33.26, 37.16
   correction methods 40.26, 50.23
   dual record systems 31.34
   forward and backward projection 38.28
   from deaths by age 12.10
   from IFORD surveys 46.18
   from incomplete vital registration 33.11
   from infant mortality rates 12.11
   Ghana 36.16
   orphanhood data 31.07, 38.14, 45.24, 50.23
   under changing mortality conditions 33.26
   widowhood data 31.05, 50.23
   see also Child mortality, methods of estimation

Mortality levels and trends
   age-specific mortality
      comparative 03.03
   at high ages
      in England and Wales 46.21
      models 49.16
   ethnic differentials 47.22
   in Baltic republics 46.14
   in Cambodia 52.04
   in developing countries 19.07
   in Egypt 40.06
   in Far East 34.01
   in Greenland 29.03
   in historical Japan 45.22
   in historical Netherlands 43.19
   in historical Russia 52.22
   in Jamaica 04.03
   in Nigeria 29.20
   in Papua New Guinea 33.20
   in Senegal 39.22
   in Soviet Union 43.11, 43.12
   in Yemen Arab Republic 32.11
   occupational differentials 13.13
   regional differentials
      in Brazil 28.24
      in historical Finland 32.33
   rising mortality
      in Hungary 39.05
      in Soviet Union 39.06, 40.11, 43.12
   world trends 09.02, 10.02

Mortality models
   morbidity and mortality 43.02
   parametric evaluation of models 30.04, 45.08
   relational models 48.14
   son survival 33.40

Mortality transition
   in Ceylon 21.13, 23.18, 24.08, 28.12, 29.32, 29.33
   in China and USA 27.36
   in Cuba 35.23
   in England 16.08, 26.21, 28.01, 29.26, 32.34, 47.03, 49.17
   in India 37.10
   in Nigeria 33.29
   interrelations with birth rate 16.17
   relationship between adult and child
   mortality 30.04
   of British Army in India 47.20
   theory 47.20, 50.20
   see also Demographic transition

Muslim populations
   attitudes to family planning programmes 29.04
   in Lebanon 31.20

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