PH227 Half Unit
Genes, Brains and Society
This information is for the 2018/19 session.
Dr Jonathan Birch
This course is available on the BSc in Philosophy and Economics, BSc in Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method, BSc in Philosophy, Politics and Economics and BSc in Politics and Philosophy. This course is available as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit and to General Course students.
This course examines, from a philosophical perspective, the ways in which recent developments in genetics and neuroscience challenge our conceptions of what we are — and what we could become.
Topics covered include:
Human nature: Does the concept of 'human nature’ have any biological basis? Can we distinguish between those traits which are part of 'human nature' and those which are not? Should we attempt to improve human nature by means of technologies such as gene editing?
Gender and the brain: Are ‘sex' and ‘gender' the same thing? Are gender categories natural or social? Are there robust psychological differences between men and women? If so, are they explained by genes or by culture? Is gender 'hardwired' into the brain or the product of socialization?
Race and the genome: Do races exist? Is there any objective biological basis for racial categorization, or are races socially constructed? Does the concept of ‘race' have a legitimate role in medicine?
Animals and people: What is the evidence for animal sentience? What are the ethical issues surrounding the use of animals in biomedical research? If we could reduce animal suffering through gene editing, should we? If we could replace animal-based meat with artificial meat, should we?
Right and wrong: Has neuroscience shown that morality is more a matter of emotion than reason? Can we use neuroscience to help us choose between ethical theories, or even to help us improve our own moral behaviour?
10 hours of lectures and 10 hours of classes in the LT.
Lectures: Weeks 1 - 10
Classes: Weeks 2 - 11
A critical analysis exercise (1,000 words)
Suggested introductory readings:
Glover, J. (2008) Choosing Children.
Fine, C. (2005) Delusions of Gender.
James, M. (2011) “Race”, in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy [online]
Greene, J. D. (2013) Moral Tribes.
Essay (45%, 1500 words) and wiki entry (10%) in the LT.
Essay (45%, 1500 words) in the ST.
There is no exam for this half-unit. There will be two summative essays, each worth 45% of the final mark. 10% of the final mark will be awarded for contributions to a collaborative wiki.
Student performance results
(2015/16 - 2017/18 combined)
|Classification||% of students|
Department: Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method
Total students 2017/18: 32
Average class size 2017/18: 16
Capped 2017/18: No
Lecture capture used 2017/18: Yes (LT)
Value: Half Unit
- Problem solving
- Application of information skills
- Specialist skills