MC421 Half Unit
Critical Approaches to Media, Communication and Development
This information is for the 2019/20 session.
Dr Shakuntala Banaji FAW.7.01F
This course is compulsory on the MSc in Media, Communication and Development. This course is not available as an outside option.
In order to accommodate academic staff research leave and in order to maintain smaller seminar group sizes, this course is capped, meaning that there is a limit to the number of students who can be accepted.
The content of the course addresses the history of and tensions between 'media for development' and 'communication for development', while challenging mainstream development perspectives on aid, modernisation, and the role of media and communication in low income countries and unequal social contexts. It achieves this aim by emphasising the conflictual relationships between economic and political power structures and the empowerment of individuals, as well as among collective groupings within their local and regional contexts. In particular, paying attention to issues of history, colonisation, race and gender, this course questions who constructs knowledge and how knowledge is constructed in modernisation approaches to Media, Communication and Development. It explores the ways in which the concepts of ideology, discourse, orientalism, reflexivity and power can enable a critical understanding of social life, participation and change in the global south. The course also offers a sharp critique of scholarly and policy oriented literature that regards the media, information, and communication strategies, and information and communication technology applications, as obvious direct means of alleviating poverty and fostering democracy and human rights in low-income countries. It offers alternative theorisations of the contested way in which developments in these areas become embedded in the cultural and social fabric, especially where injustice, poverty and unequal power relations influence the capacities of individuals to make changes in their lives and communities.
10 hours of lectures and 15 hours of seminars in the MT. 1 hour of lectures in the ST.
Film viewing: 3 hours in MT.
All students are expected to complete advance reading, participate in case studies and discussions on moodle forums, prepare seminar presentations, organise and attend practitioner seminars and film/documentary viewings and submit one essay of 1,500 words.
Abrahamson, R. (2000) Disciplining Democracy: Development Discourse and Good Governance in Africa. London, Zed Books
Banaji, S. (2016). Children and Media in India: Narratives of Class, Agency and Social Change. London and New York: Routledge
Enghel, F. and Noske-Turner, J. (2018) Communication for International Development: Doing Good or Looking Good? London & New York: Routledge
Escobar, A. (2011) Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton USA: Princeton University Press
Freire, P. (1970) Pedagogy of the Oppressed, New York: Continuum
Galeano, E. (1973). Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent. New York and London: Monthly Review Press
Hall, S (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices, Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publications
Hayter, T. (1971). Aid as Imperialism. London: Pelican
Hemer, O. and Tufte, T. (eds) (2005) Media and Global Change: Rethinking Communication for Development, Clacso and NORDICOM
International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems. (2004) One World: Communication and Society, Today and Tomorrow; Towards a New More Just and More Efficient World information and communication order, London, New York and Paris: UNESCO and Roman & Littlefield
Katz, C. (2004) Growing Up Global: Economic Restructuring and Children's Everyday Lives. Mineapolis and London: University of Minessota Press
Kapoor, Ilan (2008) The Postcolonial Politics of Development (London and New York: Routledge)
Mama, A. (1995) Beyond the Masks: Race, Gender and Subjectivity. London and New York: Routledge
Manyozo, L. (2012) Media, Communication and Development: Three Approaches, New Delhi, India SAGE Publications
Melkote, S. and Steeves, H. L. (2001) Communication for Development in the Third World: Theory and practice for empowerment, New Delhi and Thousand Oaks CA: Sage
Noble, S. (2018) Algorithms of Oppression: How Search Engines Reinforce Racism. New York: New York University Press
Quebral, N. (1988) Development Communication, Laguna: UPLB College of Agriculture
Rodriguez, C. (2011) Citizens media against armed conflict. Minnesota: Minnesota University Press
Scott, M. (2014) Media and Development. London: Zed books
Said, E. (1979) Orientalism. New York: Vintage
Servaes, J (ed.) (2008) Communication for Development and Social Change. New Delhi, Thousand Oaks, CA and Singapore: Sage.
Singhal, A. and Rogers, E. (1999) Entertainment-Education: A Communication Strategy for Social Change. Malden, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Exam (100%, duration: 2 hours) in the summer exam period.
This is a seen examination, and the questions are made available to students up to seven days prior to the sitting.
Student performance results
(2015/16 - 2017/18 combined)
|Classification||% of students|
Department: Media & Communications
Total students 2018/19: 37
Average class size 2018/19: 18
Controlled access 2018/19: No
Value: Half Unit
Personal development skills
- Team working
- Problem solving
- Application of information skills
- Application of numeracy skills