LL4Z3 Half Unit
Taxation of Consumption and Income
This information is for the 2018/19 session.
Dr Ian Roxan NAB7.25
This course is available on the LLM (extended part-time), LLM (full-time), MSc in Law and Accounting and University of Pennsylvania Law School LLM Visiting Students. This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit.
This course is capped at 30 students. Students must apply through Graduate Course Choice on LSEforYou.
The main sources of tax revenue in nearly every country are taxes on income and consumption in one form or another. This course looks at these two important tax bases to understand their differences, advantages and disadvantages, as well as looking at the taxes they give rise to. Most economists have consistently advocated the taxation of consumption for many years. We will look at the validity of these arguments, how consumption can be taxed both in income taxes and sales taxes.
The most dramatic change that has followed from the focus on taxing consumption has been the rise in value added taxes, also called goods and services taxes. First implemented sixty years ago, the great majority of countries in the world now have a VAT, with the significant exception of the United States. The second part of the course will focus on this important tax, examining how it has been implemented in a range of countries, including the European Union, since the EU VAT has been an important model for other countries. We will look at the main features of VATs (the taxpayers, supplies of goods and services subject to tax, amount of consideration for supplies subject to tax), and key current issues, such as cross-border transactions and applying VAT in the digital economy.
The course is suitable for students who are interested in taking one course in taxation, including students who have little previous background in taxation, as well as for tax specialists.
20 hours of seminars in the LT. 2 hours of seminars in the ST.
One 2,000-word formative essay or an equivalent assignment.
Schenk et al., James and Nobes, The Economics of Taxation; Tanzi and Zee, Tax Policy for Developing Countries, Mirrlees, et al., Tax by Design: the Mirrlees Review, (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 2011), Edward J. McCaffery, ‘A New Understanding of Tax’ (2005), 103 Mich. L. Rev. 807; J. McNulty, ‘Flat Tax, Consumption Tax, Consumption-type Income Tax Proposals in the United States: a Tax Policy Discussion of Fundamental Tax Reform’ (2000), 88 Cal. L. Rev. 2095; Value Added Tax: A Comparative Approach (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2015); Ebrill et al., The Modern VAT (IMF, 2001); Bird and Gendron, The VAT in Developing and Transitional Countries (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2007); Alan A. Tait, Value Added Tax: International Practice and Problems; Mirrlees et al., Tax by Design.
Detailed reading lists will be provided during course via Moodle.
Recommended preliminary reading: James and Nobes, The Economics of Taxation or Tanzi and Zee, Tax Policy for Developing Countries; Ebrill et al., The Modern VAT (International Monetary Fund, 2001), or Alan A. Tait, Value Added Tax: International Practice and Problems (IMF, 1988).
Exam (100%, duration: 2 hours, reading time: 15 minutes) in the summer exam period.
Total students 2017/18: 4
Average class size 2017/18: 5
Controlled access 2017/18: Yes
Value: Half Unit
Personal development skills
- Specialist skills