LL284 Half Unit
Topics in Sentencing and Criminal Justice
This information is for the 2018/19 session.
This course is available on the BA in Anthropology and Law and LLB in Laws. This course is available with permission as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit. This course is available to General Course students.
In this course, we will explore the practices and decision-making of key actors within the criminal justice system and examine with the policies and regulatory schemes that purport to govern how these actors perform their roles in the criminal process. In the first five weeks, we track the construction of cases through the criminal process, which introduces us to the work of police, prosecutors and judges. How do these actors exercise their discretion? What kinds of dynamics, sub-cultures and formal (and informal) rules animate their decision-making? And how does this impact on the rights of suspects, defendants, offenders? By applying models of justice to the most recent developments in law, policy and practice at various stages of the criminal process, students will be equipped with the knowledge and tools necessary to critically assess and engage with contemporary criminal justice issues. Building on this in the second five weeks, we focus on how judges perform their role as sentencers, the principles and legal guidelines they rely upon in doing so and the types of sentences they can (or must) hand down in certain types of cases. We use the sentencing of rioters and the life sentence as case studies to apply the general principles of sentencing and conclude the course by considering the role of non-custodial sentences.
Topics by Week
1. The Criminal Process and Models of Justice
2. In the Community: What Do Police Do and Why Do They Do It?
3. In the Station: Police Practices and Case Construction
4. Bringing the Case: Prosecutorial Discretion and Plea Bargaining
5. In Court: The Judiciary and Legal Representation
6. Reading Week
7. Sentencing Theory: Aims, Principles and Policies
8. Sentencing Practice: Discretion and Guidelines
9. Sentencing Rioters
10. The Life Sentence for Murder
11. Non-Custodial Sentences
20 hours of seminars in the MT.
Introductory lecturing is combined with group discussion and in-class exercises
Students will be expected to produce 1 essay in the MT.
I want to encourage you to take responsibility for what you read and to come to class keen to present your own thoughts and ideas based on this reading. There is textbook reading each week, but to keep the material and topics we discuss as contemporary as possible, I have supplemented these texts with recent articles and chapters. The variety of reading and the choice this offers ought to facilitate lively and informative discussions in class. Recommended texts for the course include: A. Ashworth, Sentencing and Criminal Justice (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015); A.Liebling et al, Oxford Handbook of Criminology (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017); A.Sanders et al, Criminal Justice (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012).
Essay (100%, 5000 words) in the LT.
Total students 2017/18: 22
Average class size 2017/18: 22
Capped 2017/18: Yes (25)
Value: Half Unit
- Specialist skills