The Cold War and European Integration, 1947-1992

This information is for the 2016/17 session.

Teacher responsible

Dr Piers Ludlow SAR 2.16


This course is available on the BA in History, BSc in Government and History, BSc in International Relations and BSc in International Relations and History. This course is available as an outside option to students on other programmes where regulations permit and to General Course students.

Course content

The course will investigate the evolution of both the cold war in Europe and the process of European integration, asking what the linkages were between these parallel developments. The Marshall Plan; the birth of NATO; the Schuman Plan; German Rearmament and the EDC; the Western European Union; the US and Euratom; the other Community - the EEC; JFK's Grand Design; De Gaulle's rival vision; the 'double crisis' of 1965-6; Harmel, NATO and the WEU; Ostpolitik and the re-emergence of German foreign policy activism; enlargement, EPC, and Kissinger; Schmidt, Giscard and Carter; Euromissiles and Eurosclerosis; Genscher-Colombo and the revival of political Europe; Europe and the end of the cold war - spectator or actor?; a German Europe or a European Germany?; Paris, Berlin & Maastricht.


10 hours of lectures and 10 hours of classes in the MT. 10 hours of lectures and 10 hours of classes in the LT. 1 hour of lectures in the ST.

There will be a reading week in the Michaelmas and the Lent terms and a revision session in the Summer Term.

Formative coursework

Students will be required to submit three essays, the last one of which will be formally assessed. There will also be a mock exam in the Summer Term.

Indicative reading

A detailed reading list will be provided at the start of the course. It will include William Hitchcock, France Restored: Diplomacy and the Leadership in Europe; Michael Hogan, The Marshall Plan: America, Britain, and the Reconstruction of Western Europe, 1947-1952; Marc Trachtenberg, A Constructed Peace: The Making of the European Settlement 1945-1963; Geir Lundestad, 'Empire by Integration': the United States and European Integration 1945-1997; Pascaline Winand, Eisenhower, Kennedy and the United States of Europe; Jeffrey Giauque, Grand Designs and Visions of Unity; N.Piers Ludlow, The European Community and the Crises of the 1960s; Timothy Garton Ash, In Europe's Name: Germany and the Divided Continent; Julius Friend, The Long Presidency, France in the Mitterrand Years; Phillip Gordon, A Certain Idea of France: French Security Policy and the Gaullist Legacy; Pekka Hamalainen, Uniting Germany; Kevin Featherstone, The Road to Maastricht


Exam (75%, duration: 3 hours) in the main exam period.
Essay (25%, 3000 words).

Key facts

Department: International History

Total students 2015/16: 19

Average class size 2015/16: 10

Capped 2015/16: No

Value: One Unit

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