AN237 Half Unit
The Anthropology of Development
This information is for the 2012/13 session.
Optional for BA Anthropology and Law and BA/BSc Social Anthropology. Also available to General Course students with the permission of the teacher responsible and as an outside option.
Undergraduates taking this course should have completed an introductory course in anthropology unless granted exemption by the course teacher.
This course considers a range of contributions made by anthropologists to the analysis of development. It assesses the reconcilability of two divergent perspectives: development anthropology, with its corpus of writings by practitioners working on practical projects, and the 'anthropology of development', comprising a series of critiques of development theory and practice by anthropologists. It examines the historical background, showing how development and its discourses were made in the wake of the colonial encounter, and exploring the role played by anthropologists in this process. Critiques of both state-planned and market-driven development are considered and weighed against the ethnographic evidence, and anthropological studies of development organisations, institutions and 'the aid industry' considered. The anthropology of planning and policy; actor-centred perspectives on development; NGOs and participatory approaches; microcredit and gender; and migration and are among the topics explored. Regional ethnographies used include those from various parts of Southern and West Africa, China, Latin America, South and South-East Asia.
Lectures AN237 weekly MT, Classes AN237.A weekly MT.
Students are expected to prepare discussion material for presentation in the classes. A coursework mark will be assigned on the basis of oral and written presentations.
Anthropology students taking this course will have an opportunity to submit a tutorial essay for this course to their personal tutors. For non-Anthropology students taking this course, a formative essay may be submitted to the course teacher.
Cooper, F & R Packard (Eds), International Development and the Social Sciences (1997); Escobar, A Encountering Development: the making and unmaking of the third world (1995); Ferguson J, The Anti-politics machine "Development", depoliticization and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho (1994); K Gardner K & D Lewis Anthropology, Development and the Post-modern challenge (1996); Grillo, R D and R L Stirrat Discourses of Development: anthropological perspectives, Berg, Oxford; Gudeman, S 2001 The Anthropology of Economy Oxford, Blackwells; Long, N 2001 Development Sociology: Actor Perspectives, London, Routledge; Mosse D 2004 Cultivating Development: an ethnography of aid policy and practice, London, Pluto Press; Rapley, J 1996 Understanding Development: Theory and Practice in the Third World Lynne Reiner Robertson, A F 1984 People and the State: an anthropology of planned development, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press. Detailed reading lists are provided at the beginning of the course.
A two-hour examination in the ST worth 70%. An oral presentation worth 10%. Students who do not give a presentation will receive a mark of 0 (incomplete). A written essay of 1500-2000 words on the topic covered in the presentation worth 20%.