Ludlow, N Piers

Dr N Piers Ludlow  


Position held

Associate Professor


Head of the Cold War Studies Programme


Experience keywords:

Britain; Europe; European integration; Western Europe; cold war history; history and development of the EU; transatlantic relations

Research summary > [Click to expand]

Piers Ludlow’s research focuses primarily on the development since 1957 of the EC/EU and upon the Community/Union’s growing international role. He also has interests in the Cold War in Europe – and links between this and the integration process – as well as in the changing patterns of Transatlantic relations during the 1947-1990 period.

Countries and regions to which research relates:

Belgium; Britain; France; Germany; Italy; Luxembourg; the Netherlands


French [Spoken: Fluent, Written: Fluent]; German [Spoken: Basic, Written: Intermediate]; Italian [Spoken: Fluent, Written: Intermediate]

Media experience:

Radio; TV

Contact Points

LSE phone number:

+44 (0)20 7955 7099


Ludlow, N. Piers (2017) More than just a Single Market: European integration, peace and security in the 1980s British Journal of Politics and International Relations, 19 (1). 48-62. ISSN 1369-1481


Ludlow, N. Piers (2016) Roy Jenkins and the importance of top-level politics In: Dyson, Kenneth and Maes, Ivo, (eds.) Architects of the Euro: Intellectuals in the Making of European Monetary Union. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 117-137. ISBN 9780198735915

Ludlow, N. Piers (2016) Not a wholly New Europe: how the integration framework shaped the end of the Cold War in Europe In: Bozo, Frédéric and Rödder, Andreas and Sarotte, Mary Elise, (eds.) German Reunification: A Multinational History. Cold War history. Routledge, Abingdon, UK, 133-152. ISBN 9781138960909

Ludlow, N. Piers (2016) Britain’s liberal elite can’t wash their hands of Brexit LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP) Blog (27 Oct 2016) Blog entry

Ludlow, N. Piers (2016) Don’t blame the worse-off for Brexit. Plenty of Britain’s ‘liberal elite’ backed it too LSE Brexit blog (27 Oct 2016) Blog entry

Ludlow, N. Piers (2016) Michael Gove’s problem is that a single market is more than just a tariff-free zone LSE Brexit blog (21 Apr 2016) Blog entry

Ludlow, N. Piers (2016) Necessary but not automatic: how Europe learned to integrate In: Levine, Daniel H. and Dawn, Nagar, (eds.) Region-Building in Africa. Palgrave Macmillan, London, UK, 267-282.

Ludlow, N. Piers (2016) Roy Jenkins and the European commission presidency, 1976 –1980: at the heart of Europe Security, Conflict and Cooperation in the Contemporary World. Palgrave Macmillan, London, UK. ISBN 9781137515308


Ludlow, N. Piers (2015) Jacques Delors (1985-1995) In: van der Harst, Jan and Voerman, Gerrit, (eds.) An Impossible Job? The Presidents of the European Commission, 1958-2014. John Harper Publishing, Truro, UK. ISBN 9780957150164


Ludlow, N. Piers (2014) Avoiding marginalization: fear as a factor in Britain’s ‘Choice for Europe’, 1960-1973 In: Marès, Antoine and Rey, Marie-Pierre, (eds.) Mémoires et émotions: Au cœur des relations internationales. Histoire contemporaine. Publications de la Sorbonne, Paris, France. ISBN 9782859447946

Ludlow, N. Piers (2014) Creating the expectation of a collective response: the impact of summitry on transatlantic relations In: Mourlon-Druol, Emmanuel and Romero, Federico, (eds.) International Summitry and Global Governance: The rise of the G7 and the European Council, 1974-1991. Routledge, London, UK, 138-152. ISBN 9780415729840

Ludlow, N. Piers (2014) The new Cold War and the expansion of the European Community: a Nexus? In: Laursen, Johnny, (ed.) The Institutions and Dynamics of the European Community, 1973-83. Publications of the European Union Liaison Committee of Historians (14). Bloomsbury, London, UK, 131-149. ISBN 9783832969639

Ludlow, N. Piers (2014) Safeguarding British identity or betraying it? The role of British 'tradition' in the parliamentary great debate on EC membership, October 1971 Journal of Common Market Studies, 53 (1). 18-34. ISSN 0021-9886

Ludlow, N. Piers (2014) The British are coming: the arrival and impact of the first cohorts of British fonctionnaires in the European Commission In: Bachem-Rehm, Michaela and Hiepel, Claudia and Türk, Henning, (eds.) Teilungen überwinden Europäische und Internationale Geschichte im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Festschrift für Wilfried Loth. De Gruyter, Berlin, Germany, 517-530. ISBN 9783486855067


Ludlow, N. Piers (2013) The unnoticed apogee of Atlanticism?: US-Western European relations during the early Reagan era In: Patel, Kiran Klaus and Weisbrode, Kenneth, (eds.) European Integration and the Atlantic Community in the 1980s. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 17-38. ISBN 9781107031562

Ludlow, Piers (2013) Hard-won but vital: EU enlargement in historical perspective Crisis of EU Enlargement. 12-18.

Ludlow, N. Piers (2013) The real years of Europe?: U.S.-West European relations during the Ford administration Journal of Cold War Studies, 15 (3). 136-161. ISSN 1520-3972

Ludlow, N. Piers (2013) European integration in the 1980s: on the way to Maastricht Journal of European Integration History, 19 (1). 11-22. ISSN 0947-9511


Ludlow, N. Piers (2012) Problematic partners: de Gaulle, Thatcher, and their impact In: Jones, Erik and Menon, Anand and Weatherill, Stephen, (eds.) Oxford Handbook of the European Union. Oxford handbooks in politics & international relations. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 206-218. ISBN 9780199546282

Ludlow, N. Piers (2012) The discomforts of life on the edge: Britain and Europe, 1963-1975 International Affairs, 88 (6). 1331-1340. ISSN 0020-5850


Ludlow, N. Piers (2011) The end of symbiosis: the Nixon era and the collapse of comfortable co-existence between European and Atlantic integration In: Scott-Smith, G. and Aubourg, V., (eds.) Atlantic, Euratlantic, or Europe-America?: the Atlantic Community and the European Idea From Kennedy to Nixon. Soleb. ISBN 9782918157007


Ludlow, N. Piers (2010) European integration: a Cold War phenomenon In: Westad, Odd Arne and Leffler, Melvyn P., (eds.) The Cambridge History of the Cold War. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ISBN 9780521837200

Ludlow, N. Piers (2010) From words to actions: reinterpreting de Gaulle's European policy, 1958-69 In: Neunlist, C and Locher, A and Martin, G, (eds.) Globalizing De Gaulle: International Perspectives on De Gaulle's Foreign Policy. Rowman & Littlefield, Lanham, USA. ISBN 9780739142486

Ludlow, N. Piers (2010) Transatlantic relations in the Johnson and Nixon eras: the crisis that didn't happen - and what it suggests about the one that did Journal of Transatlantic Studies, 8 (1). 44-55. ISSN 1479-4012

Ludlow, N. Piers (2010) Governing Europe: charting the development of a supranational political system In: Kaiser, Wolfram and Varsori, Antonio, (eds.) European Union History: Themes and Debates. Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., Basingstoke, UK, 109-127. ISBN 9780230232693


Ludlow, Piers (2009) Book review: la mésentente apprivoisée: de Gaulle et les Allemands, 1963-1969 Cold War History, 9 (3). 449-451. ISSN 1468-2745

Ludlow, N. Piers (2009) History aplenty: but still too isolated In: Egan, Michelle and Nugent, Neill and Paterson, William E., (eds.) Research Agendas in Eu Studies: Stalking the Elephant. Palgrave studies in European Union politics. Palgrave Macmillan, Hampshire, UK. ISBN 9780230555242

Ludlow, N. Piers (2009) Widening, deepening and opening out: towards a fourth decade of European integration history In: Loth, Wilfried, (ed.) Experiencing Europe: 50 Years of European Construction 1957-2007. Publications of the European Union Liason Committee of Historians. Nomos, Baden-Baden, Germany. ISBN 9783832941246

Ludlow, N. Piers (2009) Value, flexibility and openness: the treaty of Rome’s success in historical perspective In: Baquero Cruz, Julio and Closa Montero, Carlos, (eds.) European Integration From Rome to Berlin: 1957-2007: History, Law and Politics. Cité européenne - European Policy (39). Peter Lang Publishing Group, Oxford, UK, 17-32. ISBN 9789052014647

Ludlow, N. Piers (2009) The green heart of Europe: the rise and fall of the CAP as the community’s central policy, 1958-1985 In: Patel, Kiran Klaus, (ed.) Fertile Ground for Europe?: the History of European Integration and the Common Agricultural Policy Since 1945. Nomos, Baden-Baden, Germany. ISBN 9783832944940

Ludlow, N. Piers (2009) In Search of Balance: Italy, Britain and the 'dream' of another European axis In: Craveri, Pierro and Varsori, Antonio, (eds.) L'italia Nella Costruzione Europea. Un Bilancio Storico (1957-2007). Storia internazionale dell'età contemporanea. FrancoAngeli, Milian, Italy. ISBN 9788856813555


Ludlow, N. Piers (2008) A naturally supportive environment?: the European institutions and German unification 1989-1990 In: Ludlow, N. Piers and Bozo, Frederic and Rey, Marie-Pierre and Nuti, Leopoldo, (eds.) Europe and the End of the Cold War: a Reappraisal. Cold War history. Routledge, Abingdon, UK. ISBN 9780415449038

Ludlow, N. Piers (2008) The European Commission and the rise of Coreper: a controlled experiment In: Kaiser, Wolfram and Leucht, Brigitte and Rasmussen, Morten, (eds.) The History of the European Union: Origins of a Trans- and Supranational Polity 1950-72. Routledge/UACES contemporary European studies. Routledge, Oxford, UK, 189-205. ISBN 9780415463935

Bozo, Frederic and Rey, Marie-Pierre and Ludlow, N. Piers and Nuti, Leopoldo, eds (2008) Europe and the end of the Cold War: a reappraisal Cold War history. Routledge, Oxford, UK. ISBN 9780415449038


Ludlow, N. Piers (2007) Making the new Europe: European integration since 1950 In: Martel, Gordon, (ed.) A Companion to International History 1900 - 2001. Blackwell companions to history. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 327-339. ISBN 9781405125741

Ludlow, N. Piers (2007) The end of symbiosis: the Nixon era and the end of comfortable co-existence between European and Atlantic integration. In: Atlantic, Euroatlantic or Europe-America? The Atlantic idea from Kennedy to Nixon, 20-21 September 2007, Roosevelt Studies Center, Middleburg, the Netherlands

Ludlow, Piers (2007) Introduction In: Ludlow, N. Piers, (ed.) European integration and the Cold War: Ostpolitik-Westpolitik, 1965-1973. Cold War history. Routledge, Abingdon, UK, 1-10. ISBN 9780415421096

Ludlow, N. Piers, ed (2007) European integration and the Cold War: Ostpolitik-Westpolitik, 1965-1973 Cold War history. Routledge, Abingdon, UK. ISBN 9780415421096

Ludlow, Piers (2007) The emergence of a commercial heavy-weight: the Kennedy Round negotiations and the European Community of the 1960s Diplomacy and Statecraft, 18 (2). 351-368. ISSN 0959-2296


Ludlow, N. Piers (2006) From deadlock to dynamism: the European community in the 1980s In: Dinan, Desmond, (ed.) The Origins and Evolution of the Eu. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. ISBN 9780199267927

Ludlow, N. Piers (2006) A supranational Icarus: Hallstein, the early commission and the search for an independent role In: Varsori, Antonio, (ed.) Inside the European Community : Actors and Policies in the European Integration 1957-1972. NOMOS, Baden-Baden, Germany. ISBN 383291191X

Ludlow, N. Piers (2006) De-commissioning the empty chair crisis: The community institutions and the crisis of 1965-6 In: Wallace, Helen and Winand, Pascaline and Palayret, Jean-Marie, (eds.) Visions, Votes and Vetoes :the Empty Chair Crisis and the Luxembourg Compromise Forty Years On. European policy - Collection "La cité européenne, 34 (34). Peter Lang, Brussels, Belgium, 79-96. ISBN 9789052010311


Ludlow, N. Piers (2005) A welcome change : the European Commission and the challenge of enlargement, 1958-1973 Journal of European Integration History, 11 (1). ISSN 0947-9511

Badel, Laurence and Jeannesson, Stanislas and Ludlow, N. Piers, eds (2005) Les administrations nationales et la construction européenne - une approche historique (1919-1975) Euroclio. Peter Lang, Brussels, Belgium. ISBN 9789052012643

Ludlow, N. Piers (2005) The European Community and the crises of the 1960s: negotiating the Gaulist challenge Cold War history. Routledge, London, UK. ISBN 9780415375948

Ludlow, N. Piers (2005) Decision-making in the 1960s EC : three case studies In: Loth, Wilfried, (ed.) la Gouvernance Supranationale Dans la Construction Européenne. Emile Bruylant, Brussels, 115-136. ISBN 2802720244

Ludlow, N. Piers (2005) Plus que six ambassadeurs : l’émergence du Coreper durant les premières années de la CEE In: Badel, L. and Jeannesson, S. and Ludlow, N. Piers, (eds.) L’adaptation des Administrations Nationales a la Construction Européenne : Une Approche Historique (1920-1975). Peter Lang Publishing, London, UK.

Ludlow, N. Piers (2005) Introduction: writing a supranational history of the EEC In: The European Community and the crises of the 1960s: negotiating the Gaulist challenge. Cold War history. Routledge, London, UK, 1-10. ISBN 9780415375948

Ludlow, N. Piers (2005) The making of the CAP : towards a historical analysis of the EU’s first major common policy Contemporary European History, 14 (3). 347-371. ISSN 1469-2171


Ludlow, N. Piers (2004) A few thoughts on the future of Europe's past. In: First conference of the History of European Integration Research Society, 6-7 November 2004, Cambridge, UK


Ludlow, N. Piers (2003) An opportunity or a threat? The European Commission and the Hague Council of December 1969 Journal of European Integration History, 9 (2). 11-26. ISSN 0947-9511

Ludlow, N. Piers (2003) Paying the price of victory? Postwar Britain and ideas of national independence In: Geppert, Dominik, (ed.) The Postwar Challenge: Cultural, Social and Political Change in Western Europe, 1945-1958. Studies of the German Historical Institute. Oxford University Press, London, UK, 259-272. ISBN 0199266654

Ludlow, N. Piers (2003) A waning force: the Treasury and British European Policy, 1955-1963 Contemporary British History, 17 (4). 87-104. ISSN 1361-9462


Ludlow, N. Piers (2002) Chronicle of an enlargement foretold: the six and the emergence of agreement over widening 1967-9. In: Third "Breakthrough Project" Meeting, 22-23 November 2002, Barcelona, Spain

Ludlow, N. Piers (2002) Us or them? The meanings of ‘Europe’ in British political discourse In: Malmborg, Mikael af and Strath, Bo, (eds.) The Meaning of Europe: Variety and Contention Within and Among Nations. Berg Publishing, London, UK. ISBN 1859735819

Ludlow, N. Piers (2002) A short-term defeat: the Community institutions and the second British application to the EEC, 1966-7 In: Daddow, Oliver, (ed.) Harold Wilson and European Integration: Britain's Second Application to Join the Eec. Cass Publishing, London, UK, 135-150. ISBN 0714682071

Ludlow, N. Piers (2002) Une Influence Décroissante: Le Treasury et la construction européenne, 1956-63 In: Le Role des Ministères des Finances et De L'economie Dans la Construction Européenne (1957-1978): 2 Volumes, Actes du Colloque T. La Documentation Française, Paris, France. ISBN 9782110909480

Ludlow, N. Piers (2002) Constancy and flirtation: Germany, Britain and the EEC, 1957-1972 In: Noakes, Jeremy and Wende, Peter and Wright, Jonathan, (eds.) Britain and Germany in Europe 1949-1990. Studies of the German Historical Institute London. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K., 95-112. ISBN 9780199248414


Ludlow, N. Piers (2001) No longer a closed shop: post-1945 research in the French archives Cold War History, 2 (1). 158-163. ISSN 1468-2745

Ludlow, N. Piers (2001) Too close a friend? The Netherlands and the first British application to the EEC, 1961-1963 In: Ashton, Nigel J and Hellema, Duco, (eds.) Unspoken Allies: Anglo-Dutch Relations Since 1780. Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 223-239. ISBN 9789053564714

Ludlow, N. Piers (2001) Too far away, too rich and too stable: the EEC and trade with Australia during the 1960s Australian Economic History Review, 41 (3). 267-286. ISSN 0004-8992


Ludlow, N. Piers (1999) "Ne pleurez pas, Milord": Macmillan and France from Algiers to Rambouillet In: Aldous, Richard and Lee, Sabine, (eds.) Harold Macmillan: Aspects of a Political Life. St. Martin's Press, New York, U.S., 95-112. ISBN 9780312219062

Ludlow, N. Piers (1999) Challenging French leadership in in Europe: Germany, Italy and the Netherlands and the outbreak of the Empty Chair Crisis of 1965-6 Contemporary European History, 8 (2). 231-248. ISSN 1469-2171


Ludlow, N. Piers (1997) A problem of trust: British agriculture and the Brussels negotiations In: Wilkes, G, (ed.) Britain's First Failure to Enter the European Community, 1961-63: Crises in European, Atlantic and Commonwealth Relations. Frank Cass & Co. Ltd, London, UK. ISBN 9780714646879

Ludlow, N. Piers (1997) Dealing with Britain: the Six and the first UK application to the EEC Cambridge studies in international relations (56). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ISBN 9780521592420


Ludlow, N. Piers (1996) Influence and vulnerability: the role of the European Commission in the 1961-63 enlargement negotiations In: Griffiths, Richard and Ward, Stuart, (eds.) Courting the Common Market: the First Attempt to Enlarge the Eec. Lothian Foundation Press. ISBN 9781872210230

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