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Sandra Sequeira

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Relevant research

Sequeira, Sandra (2013) Tariffs and corruption: evidence from a tariff liberalization program. The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK. 

Sequeira, Sandra and Djankov, Simeon (2014) Corruption and firm behavior: evidence from African ports. Journal of International Economics, 94 (2). pp. 277-294. 

Sequeira, Sandra (2015) Corruption and trade costs. In: Lagunes, Paul and Rose-Ackerman, Susan, (eds.) Corruption: Global Influences, Politics and the Market. Edward Elgar. (In Press) 

Sequeira, Sandra, Hartmann, Olivier and Kunaka, Charles (2014) Reviving trade routes: evidence from the Maputo Corridor. Discussion papers, 14. SSATP, Washington, USA. 

Sequeira, Sandra (2011) Transport costs and firm behaviour: evidence from Mozambique and South Africa. In: Cadot, Olivier,Fernandes, Ana, Gourdon, Julien and Mattoo, Aaditya, (eds.) Where to Spend the Next Million?: Applying Impact Evaluation to Trade Assistance. Centre for Economic Policy Research, London, UK, pp. 123-162. 

Macchi, Patricia and Sequeira, Sandra (2009) Soft versus hard infrastructure in transport. Afrique Contemporaine, 230 . pp. 69-82. 

Sequeira, Sandra (2011) Advances in measuring corruption in the field. In: Serra, Danila and Wantchekon, Leonard, (eds.) New Advances in Experimental Research on Corruption. Research in experimental economics(15). Emerald Group Publishing, Yorkshire, UK, pp. 145-176. 

Evidence of impact

The findings from this research have received attention from Port Authorities, the shipping industry, and corruption scholars in South Africa and Mozambique (and beyond), as evidenced by the following sites.

Port authorities:

Sequeira, Sandra and Djankov, Simon. Trade costs and corruption in ports. Port Technology International. (This is a leading quarterly journal and daily online information service for senior executives at port authorities and terminal operators around the world. The editorial content, written exclusively for the journal by leading industry experts, focuses on how current and emerging technologies can improve port productivity, efficiency and performance.)

Industry Experts and Africa-wide news outlets:

Wikileaks on the US Embassy’s internal communication on the study:

Policy-oriented academic outlets:,d.ZGU

Multilateral and bilateral agencies describing African infrastructure and corruption:

Africa’s Infrastructure: A Time for Transformation, a co-publication of the World Bank and the Agence Française de Développement, edited by Vivien Foster and Cecilia Briceno-Garmendia  (2010). Available at: 

Africa's Transport Infrastructure: Mainstreaming Maintenance and Management, a World Bank publication by Kenneth Gwilliam and Heinrich Bofinge (2011). 

A survey of impact evaluations of infrastructure projects, programs and policies, by Antonio Estache - A study commissioned by the World Bank that discusses corruption. Available at:

Corruption, Grabbing and Development: Real World Challenges, edited by Tina Søreide and Aled Williams, Edward Elgar Publishing (2013) – Refers to Sequeria’s work. 

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