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Sonia Livingstone

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About the author and department

Personal webpage:

Media and Communications Department:

Relevant research

Livingstone, S., and Bovill, M. (Eds.) (2001) Children and their Changing Media Environment: A European Comparative Study. Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum. [390 citations]

Livingstone, S. (2002) Young People and New Media: Childhood and the Changing Media Environment. London: Sage. [Peer reviewed; 761 citations]

Livingstone, S. and Bober, M. (2005) UK Children Go Online: Final report of key project findings. LSE Report. [346 citations] 

Livingstone, S. (2008) Taking risky opportunities in youthful content creation: teenagers’ use of social networking sites for intimacy, privacy and self-expression. New Media & Society, 10(3): 393-411. [Peer reviewed; 635 citations]

Livingstone, S., Haddon, L., Görzig, A., and Ólafsson, K. (2011). Risks and safety on the internet: The perspective of European children. [262 citations] 

Livingstone, S., Haddon, L., & Görzig, A. (Eds.) (2012) Children, Risk and Safety on the Internet: Research and policy challenges in comparative perspective. Bristol: Policy Press.

EU Kids Online final interactive report is available at:

Evidence of impact

Byron, T. (2008) Safer Children in a Digital World: The Report of the Byron Review. DCSF/DCMS. [39 references to the research]

UKCIS industry codes on social networking, moderation, search, chat and parental controls [6 references to the research]:

UKCCIS (2011) Advice on Child Internet Safety 1.0: Universal guidelines for providers [9 references to the research]:

EC (2012) Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee, and the Committee of the Regions: European Strategy for a Better Internet for Children, COM (2012) 196 final. [7 references to the research]:

OECD (2011) The Protection of Children Online: Risks faced by children online and policies to protect them, OECD Digital Economy Papers, No 179. [20 references to the research]:

UNICEF (2012) Child Safety Online: Global challenges and strategies. Florence. [34 references to the research]:

Protecting Children in the Digital World COM (2011) [relied on research framework and findings]:

Millwood Hargrave, A., and Livingstone, S. (2008). Evidence to the Culture, Media and Sport Committee: ‘Harmful Content on the Internet and in Video Games’.

Bulger, M. and Livingstone, S. (2013) A global agenda for children's rights in the digital age: Recommendations for developing UNICEF's research strategy. UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti:

HEFCE (2015) Annual report and accounts 2014-15, p.6:,2014/Content/About,HEFCE/Annual,report,and,accounts/Annual_report_and_accounts_2014_15.pdf 

Blogs and blogposts

Parenting for a digital future blog, co-founded and managed by Sonia Livingstone:

Digital media and children's rights. Media Policy Project blogpost, 12 September 2014:

Children's rights in the digital age. Media Policy Project blogpost, 4 February 2015:

Relevant video and audio

Presentation at LSE event called 'Children's rights in the digital age', 11 February 2015:

Gearty Grilling with Sonia Livingstone on 'are our children safe online?', 6 February 2015:

Youtube playlist for the EU Kids Online project:

Opportunities & risks for children online’, LSE video:

‘How children engage with the internet’, Sonia Livingstone at TEDxExeter (April 2014):

‘Child abuse on the internet: risks and reality’, Sonia Livingstone on the findings of the report, UNICEF Innocenti (November 2011):

‘Sonia Livingstone on children and the internet’ (blog and podcast), Social Science Bites (July 2012):

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