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Patrick Dunleavy and Joachim Wehner

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Patrick Dunleavy:

Joachim Wehner:

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Relevant research

J. Wehner. (2006) ‘Assessing the Power of the Purse: An Index of Legislative Budget Institutions', Political Studies, 54(4): 767-785. Reprinted in R. Stapenhurst, R. Pelizzo, D. Olson and L. von Trapp, Eds. (2008). Legislative Oversight and Budgeting: A World Perspective. Washington, DC, World Bank: 79-97.

J. Wehner (2007). 'Budget Reform and Legislative Control in Sweden', Journal of European Public Policy 14(2): 313-332.

J. Wehner (2010) Legislatures and the Budget Process: The Myth of Fiscal Control. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

J. Wehner (2010) ‘Cabinet Structure and Fiscal Policy Outcomes’, European Journal of Political Research 49(5): 631-653.

J. Wehner. (2010). "Institutional Constraints on Profligate Politicians: The Conditional Effect of Partisan Fragmentation on Budget Deficits." Comparative Political Studies 43(2): 208-229.

Patrick Dunleavy, (1999) ‘Les institutions superieures de controle dans un environnement en mutation’, Revue Francaise d’Administration Publique 90: 285-291.

Dunleavy, Patrick and Gilson, Christopher and Bastow, Simon and Tinkler, Jane (2009) The National Audit Office, the Public Accounts Committee and the risk landscape in UK public policy. The Risk and Regulation Advisory Council, London, UK

P. Dunleavy et al., (2010) ‘Joining up citizen redress in UK central government’, in M. Adler (ed) Administrative Justice in Context (London: Hart), Chapter 17, pp. 421-56.

P. Dunleavy and L. Carrera (2012). Growing the Productivity of Government Services, Chicester: Edward Elgar.

Evidence of impact

Improving peer learning and budget practices 


Lienert, I. (2010). "Should Advanced Countries Adopt a Fiscal Responsibility Law?", IMF Working Paper WP/10/254.

Hasnain, Z. (2011). "Incentive Compatible Reforms: The Political Economy of Public Investments in Mongolia", World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5667.

Lienert, I. (2010). "Role of the Legislature in Budget Processes", IMF Technical Notes and Manuals, April 2010.

On the OECD review of Luxembourg’s budget system:

“Strengthening Parliamentary Scrutiny of Estimates and Supply”, Report of the Standing Committee on Government Operations and Estimates, June 2012, 41st Parliament, 1st Session, House of Commons, Canada.

Understanding budgeting in African governments

Dabla-Norris, E. et al. (2010): “Budget Institutions and Fiscal Performance in Low-Income Countries”, IMF Working Paper WP/10/80.

The World Bank website cites the OECD, Asian and African survey datasets as key online resources and states that they ‘benefited from the collaboration between international organizations, finance ministries, civil society organizations, and peer learning groups’.

News story on African Development Bank and CABRI Report on Budget Practices and Procedures in Africa:

The summary report 'Budget Practices and Procedures in Africa 2008' is available at:

Improving financial reporting in the European Court of Auditors

For examples of changes in ECA’s Annual Report for 2010-12, such as the new ‘Getting Results from the EU Budget’, see:

• Ch. 10 in 2011 and 2012 

• Ch 8 in 2010 

For examples of changes in the consistency of ECA presentation and reporting

Compare Chart 1.1 on page 27 of the ECA Annual Report 2008 with the much improved Graph 1.1 on page 19 of the 2010 Annual Report. 

See also Information Note on the 2011 report with a Foreword from the President, setting out changes similar to those recommended by PPG.

Relevant video/audio

Patrick Dunleavy speaks at LSE event on ‘Growing the Productivity of Public Services’ (March 2013):

Joachim Wehner presents at CAPE 2013 on the Practice of Budgeting (November 2013):

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