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Gerben Bakker

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Relevant research

Bakker, G. (2012). How Motion Pictures Industrialized Entertainment. Journal of Economic History, 72 (4), 1036-1063.

Bakker, G. (2011). Adopting the Rights-Based Model: Music Multinationals and Local Music Industries since 1945. Journal of Popular Music History, 6 (3), 311-349.

Bakker, G. (2008). Entertainment Industrialised: The Emergence of the International Film Industry, 1890-1940. Cambridge Studies in Modern Economic History (second series). Cambridge University Press.

Bakker, G. (2011). Trading Facts: Arrow’s Fundamental Paradox and the Origins of Global News Networks. In: Peter Putnis, Chandrika Kaul and Juergen Wilke (eds). Communication, News and Globalisation: Historical Studies. New York: Hampton Press / International Association of Media and Communication Research, 9-54.

Bakker, G. (2007).The Evolution of Entertainment Consumption and the Emergence of Cinema, 1890-1940. Advances in Austrian Economics, 10, 93-137.

Bakker, G. (2006). The Making of a Music Multinational: PolyGram and the International Music Industry, 1945-1998. Business History Review, 80 (1), 81-123.

Bakker, G. (2005).The Decline and Fall of the European Film Industry: Sunk Costs, Market Size and Market Structure, 1895-1926. Economic History Review, 58 (2), 310-351.

Bakker, G. (2004). Selling French films on Foreign Markets: The International Strategy of a Medium-Sized Company. Enterprise and Society, 5 (1), 45-76.

Bakker, G. (2003). Building Knowledge about the Consumer: The Emergence of Market Research in the Motion Picture Industry. Business History, 45 (1), 101-127.

Bakker, G. (2001). Stars and Stories: How Films Became Branded Products. Enterprise and Society, 2 (3), 461-502.

Evidence of impact

House of Lords Communications Committee, The British film and television industries: Decline or opportunity? (House of Lords / Stationery Office Ltd., 2010). Bakker acted as Specialist Adviser to the inquiry (acknowledged on page 10); Bakker (2005) quoted on page 11; working paper version (2009) of Bakker (2012) quoted on page 12; Bakker 2008 quoted on page 17; Figure 2 in the report is a reproduction of figure 12.2 in Bakker 2008 (at page 408).

“The Evolution of the British Entertainment Business: Film, Music and Videogames," in Learning from Some of Britain’s Successful Sectors: An Historical Analysis of the Role of Government (London, Department of Business, Innovation and Skills, 2010), BIS Economics Paper No. 6 (2010), pp. 28-98. Bakker is acknowledged on p. vi; Bakker (2005) quoted on p. 27; Bakker (2001) quoted on pp. 29, 84; Bakker (2003) quoted on page 29, 84; Bakker (2007) quoted on p. 34; Bakker (2008) quoted on pp. 34, 48, 85; working paper version (2009) of Bakker (2012) quoted on pp. 35, 71, 85; Bakker (2004) quoted on pp. 38, 77, 85; Bakker (2006) quoted on pp. 48, 49, 85; Table 2.7 adapted from Bakker (2006); Table 2.8 adapted from Bakker (2006); Fig. 2.16 adapted from the underlying research of Bakker (2013); Fig. 2.17 adapted from the underlying research of Bakker (2013).

Bakker, G. (2014). Paying for Crisis News: The Dilemmas of News Organizations, in S. Schifferes and R. Roberts (eds.), The Media and Financial Crises: Comparative and Historical Perspectives, Routledge, 187-200. This piece was contributed as follow-up to the Soothsayers of Doom academic-industry conference.  

Bakker, G. (2014). Soft Power: The Media Industries in Britain since 1870, in Roderick Floud, Jane Humphries and Paul Johnson (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain, Cambridge University Press, 4th edition, 416-447.

Bakker, G. (2015). Sunk Costs and the Dynamics of Creative Industries, in Candace Jones, Mark Lorenzen and Jonathan Sapsed (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Creative Industries, Oxford University Press, forthcoming. Working paper version available at This handbook is aimed at managers and other business professionals in the creative industries. It is written by a wide selection of social scientists, many of whom work in business schools and management departments, and is aimed both at academics interested in the creative industries as industries and at managers and business professionals within the creative industries.

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