Bakker, Gerben

Dr Gerben Bakker  

Department

Position held

Associate Professor

 

Associate Professor

 

Experience keywords:

applied industrial economics; development of (and management in) the entertainment industry, motion picture industry, music industry; economic and business history; evolution of industries; long-run analysis of corporate success and failure; multinational enterprises; strategy; technological change and productivity growth in service industries; the economics of intellectual property rights (copyright, trademarks, patents, etc)

Research summary > [Click to expand]

Gerben Bakker's research focuses on the long-run development of sunk costs, market structure, technological change and productivity growth in service industries between the Industrial Revolution and today, linking three different methods and three different scales of observation: he uses business history, strategy and management science to examine organisations, applied industrial economics to investigate the evolution of industries and the economics of growth and development to access the productivity effects on the entire economy. The research assesses Britain's performance vis-a-vis the United States and continental Europe. Bakker has completed a research project on the long-run comparative development of the entertainment industry in Europe and the US. He has published widely on this topic, and on live entertainment and the motion picture industry in particular, in business and economic history journals. Other research interests include the economics of intellectual property rights and the changing organisational structure of multinational enterprise in the music industry since 1945.

Languages:

Dutch [Spoken: Fluent, Written: Fluent]; French [Spoken: Fluent, Written: Intermediate]; Frisian [Spoken: Basic, Written: Basic]; German [Spoken: Fluent, Written: Intermediate]; Greek Ancient [Spoken: N/A, Written: N/A]; Italian [Spoken: Fluent, Written: Basic]; Latin [Spoken: N/A, Written: N/A]

Media experience:

Radio; TV

Contact Points

LSE phone number:

+44 (0)20 7955 7047

LSE email:

g.bakker@lse.ac.uk

Publications

2017

Bakker, Gerben and Crafts, Nicholas and Woltjer, Pieter (2017) The sources of growth in a technologically progressive economy: the United States, 1899-1941 Economic History working papers, 269/2017. The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

2015

Bakker, Gerben and Crafts, Nicholas and Woltjer, Pieter (2015) A vision of the growth process in a technologically progressive economy: the United States, 1899-1941 Economic History working papers, 226/2015. The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Bakker, Gerben (2015) Paying for crisis news: the dilemmas of news organizations In: Schifferes, Steve and Roberts, Richard, (eds.) The Media and Financial Crises: Comparative and Historical Perspectives. Routledge, Abingdon, UK, 187-200. ISBN 9781138022799

Bakker, Gerben (2015) Sunk costs and the dynamics of creative industries In: Jones, Candace and Lorenzen, Mark and Sapsed, Jonathan, (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Creative Industries. Oxford handbooks. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, 351-386. ISBN 9780199603510

2014

Bakker, Gerben (2014) Soft power: the media industries in Britain since 1870 In: Floud, Roderick and Humphries, Jane and Johnson, Paul, (eds.) The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 416-447. ISBN 9781107686731

Bakker, Gerben (2014) How they made news pay: news traders’ quest for crisis-resistant business models Economic History Working Paper Series, 206/2014. The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Bakker, Gerben (2014) Soft power: the media industries in Britain since 1870 Economic History Working Paper Series, 200/2014. The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

2013

Bakker, Gerben (2013) Money for nothing: how firms have financed R&D-projects since the industrial revolution Research Policy, 42 (10). 1793-1814. ISSN 0048-7333

Bakker, Gerben (2013) Money for nothing: how firms have financed R&D-projects since the Industrial Revolution Economic History working paper series, 182/2013. Department of Economic History, The London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

2012

Bakker, Gerben (2012) The quality race: feature films and market dominance in the United States and Europe in the 1910s In: Neal, Steve, (ed.) The Classical Hollywood Reader. Routledge, London. ISBN 9780415576727

Bakker, Gerben (2012) Trade Follows the Film: Europe versus Hollywood in the Interwar Years In: Eisenberg, Christiane and Gestrich, Andreas, (eds.) Cultural Industries in Britain and Germany: Sport, Music and Entertainment From the Eighteenth to the Twentieth Century. Wissner Verlag, Augsburg, 139-155. ISBN 978-3-89639-865-9

Bakker, Gerben (2012) Adopting the rights-based model: music multinationals and local music industries since 1945 Economic History Working Papers, 170/12. Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Bakker, Gerben (2012) How motion pictures industrialized entertainment Journal of Economic History, 72 (4). 1036-1063. ISSN 0022-0507

Bakker, Gerben (2012) Sunk costs and the dynamics of creative industries Economic History working papers, 172/12. Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

2011

Bakker, Gerben (2011) Leisure time and structure of household entertainment expenditure, 1890-1940 In: Cameron, Samual, (ed.) Handbook on the Economics of Leisure. Elgar original reference. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781848444041

Bakker, Gerben (2011) Leisure time, cinema and the structure of household entertainment expenditure, 1890-1940 In: Cameron, Samuel, (ed.) Handbook on the Economics of Leisure. Edward Elgard Publishing Ltd, Cheltenham, 315-356. ISBN 9781848444041

Bakker, Gerben (2011) Book review: from betamax to blockbuster: video stores and the invention of movies on video Business History, 53 (3). 472-474. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2011) Trading facts: Arrow's fundamental paradox and the origins of global news networks In: Putnis, Peter and Kaul, Chandrika and Wilke, Jurgen, (eds.) International Communication and Global News Networks: Historical Perspectives. Hampton Press, New York, USA, 9-53. ISBN 9781612890555

Bakker, Gerben (2011) Adopting the rights-based model: music multinationals and local music industries since 1945 Popular Music History, 6 (3). 307-343. ISSN 1743-1646

2010

Bakker, Gerben (2010) Book review: the invention of enterprise: entrepreneurship from ancient Mesopotamia to modern times Business Economist, 41 (2). 68-39. ISSN 0306-5049

Bakker, Gerben (2010) Book review: Wellcome & co.: knowledge, trust, profit and the transformation of the British pharmaceutical industry, 1880-1940 Medical History, 54 (2). 260-261. ISSN 0025-7273

Bakker, Gerben (2010) Book review: networks of entertainment: early film distribution, 1895-1915 Business History Review, 84 (1). 172-174. ISSN 0007-6805

Bakker, Gerben (2010) Book review: global experience industries: the business of the experience economy - by Jens Christensen Business History Review, 84 (3). 625-626. ISSN 0007-6805

Bakker, Gerben (2010) The evolution of the British entertainment business: film, music and videogames BIS Economics Paper No. 6: Learning from Some of Britain’s Successful Sectors: An Historical Analysis of the Role of Government, Department for Business, Skills and Innovation, London, UK.

Bakker, Gerben (2010) Book review: creative urban milieus: historical perspectives on culture, economy, and the city Economic History Review, 63 (2). 567-568. ISSN 0013-0117

Bakker, Gerben (2010) Bedrijfsstrategieën, overheidsbeleid en de Europese filmmarkt tijdens het Interbellum Tijdschrift Voor Mediageschiedenis, 2. 13-36. ISSN 1387-649X

2009

Bakker, Gerben (2009) Time and productivity growth in services: how motion pictures industrialized entertainment Economic History Working Papers, 119/09. Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

2008

Bakker, Gerben (2008) Entertainment industrialised: the emergence of the international film industry Cambridge studies in economic history - second series. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ISBN 9780521898546

2007

Bakker, Gerben (2007) Book review: the entertainment industry Eh.Net, Online.

Bakker, Gerben and Iliopoulou, Stavroula (2007) Studying the past to plan for the future: a case study analysis of the unintended and indirect effects of regulation on productivity AIM Research Working Paper Series, 062-December-2007. Advanced Institute of Management Research.

Bakker, Gerben (2007) Structural change and the growth contribution of services: how motion pictures industrialized US spectator entertainment Economic History Working Papers, 104/07. Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Bakker, Gerben (2007) The evolution of entertainment consumption and the emergence of cinema 1890-1940 Advances in Austrian Economics, 10. 93-137. ISSN 1529-2134

Bakker, Gerben (2007) Trading facts: Arrow's fundamental paradox and the emergence of global news networks, 1750-1900 Working papers on the nature of evidence: how well do 'facts' travel?, 17/07. Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Bakker, Gerben (2007) The evolution of entertainment consumption and the emergence of cinema, 1890-1940 Economic History Working Papers, 102/07. Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

2006

Bakker, Gerben (2006) The making of a music multinational: Polygram's international businesses, 1945-1998 Business History Review, 80 (1). 81-123. ISSN 0007-6805

2005

Bakker, Gerben (2005) The economic history of the international film industry Eh.Net.

Bakker, Gerben (2005) Book review: the consumer trap: big business marketing in American life Business History, 47 (1). 143-144. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2005) Book review: playback: from the victrola to MP3: 100 years of music, machines and money Business History, 47 (2). 324. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2005) The decline and fall of the European film industry: sunk costs, market size, and market structure, 1890–1927 Economic History Review, 58 (2). 310-351. ISSN 0013-0117

2004

Bakker, Gerben (2004) How films became branded products In: Sedgwick, John and Pokorny, Mike, (eds.) An Economic History of Film. Routledge, London, 24-47. ISBN 0415324920

Bakker, Gerben (2004) Book review: retooling: a historian confronts technological change Business History, 46 (1). 132-133. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2004) The European film industry in the United States In: Sedgwick, John and Pokorny, Mike, (eds.) An Economic History of Film. Routledge, London, UK, 48-85. ISBN 0415324920

Bakker, Gerben (2004) Stars and stories: how films became branded products In: Sedgwick, John and Pokorny, Michael, (eds.) An Economic History of Film. Routledge explorations in economic history. Routledge, London, 48-85. ISBN 0415324920

Bakker, Gerben (2004) America's master: the European film industry in the United States, 1907-1920 In: Sedgwick, John and Pokorny, Michael, (eds.) An Economic History of Film. Routledge explorations in economic history. Routledge, London, 24-47. ISBN 0415324920

Bakker, Gerben (2004) Selling French films on foreign markets: the international strategy of a medium-sized film company Enterprise and Society, 5 (1). 45-76. ISSN 1467-2227

Bakker, Gerben (2004) Book review: quarter notes and bank notes: the economics of music composition in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries The Economic History Review, 57 (4). 796-797. ISSN 0013-0117

Bakker, Gerben (2004) At the origins of increased productivity growth in services. Productivity, social savings and the consumer surplus of the film industry, 1900-1938 Economic History Working Papers, 81/04. Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

2003

Bakker, Gerben (2003) The emergence of market research in the motion picture industry In: Godley, Andrew and Church, Roy A, (eds.) The Emergence of Modern Marketing. Routledge, London.

Bakker, Gerben (2003) Between Europe and America: the battle for silent film London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

Bakker, Gerben (2003) Building knowledge about the consumer: the emergence of market research in the motion picture industry Business History, 45 (1). 101-127. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2003) Entertainment industrialised: the emergence of the international film industry 1890-1940 Enterprise and Society, 4 (4). 579-585. ISSN 1467-2227

Bakker, Gerben (2003) Book review: family, family firm and strategy: six Dutch family firms in the food industry, 1880-1970 Business History, 45 (2). 106-107. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2003) Book review: Hollywood's film wars with France: film-trade diplomacy and the emergence of the French film quota policy Business History, 45 (1). 182-183. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2003) The decline and fall of the European film industry: sunk costs, market size and market structure, 1890-1927 Economic History Working Papers, 70/03. Department of Economic History, London School of Economics and Political Science, London, UK.

2002

Bakker, Gerben (2002) Book review: rngulfed: the death of Paramount Pictures and the birth of corporate Hollywood Business History, 44 (3). 146-147. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2002) Book review: technological change and the evolution of corporate innovation: the structure of patenting, 1890-1990 Business History, 44 (3). 144-145. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2002) Book review: painting outside the lines: patterns of creativity in modern art Enterprise and Society, 3 (4). 735-737. ISSN 1467-2227

2001

Bakker, Gerben (2001) The enclosed economy: how public goods splinter into private properties EUI Review (Spring). 20-26. ISSN 1814-8182

Bakker, Gerben (2001) Book review: Kodak and the lens of nostalgia Business History, 43 (4). 153-155. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2001) Book review: the red rooster scare: making cinema American, 1900-1910 Business History, 43 (3). 160-161. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2001) Book review: In het wereldfilmstelsel: identiteit en organisatie van de Nederlandse film sedert 1945 Bijdragen En Mededelingen Betreffende de Geschiedenis der Nederlanden, 116. 429-431. ISSN 0165-0505

Bakker, Gerben (2001) Book review: the second century of cinema: the past and future of the moving image Business History, 43 (1). 161-162. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2001) Book review: Wall Street to Main Street: Charles Merrill and middle class investors Financial History Review, 8 (2). 231-243. ISSN 0968-5650

Bakker, Gerben (2001) Book review: creative industries: contracts between art and commerce Enterprise and Society, 2 (2). 392-395. ISSN 1467-2227

Bakker, Gerben (2001) Book review: the big tomorrow: Hollywood and the politics of the American way Enterprise and Society, 2 (2). 392-395. ISSN 1467-2227

Bakker, Gerben (2001) Stars and stories: how films became branded products Enterprise and Society, 2 (3). 461-502. ISSN 1467-2227

2000

Bakker, Gerben (2000) American dreams: the European film industry from dominance to decline EUI Review (Summer). 28-36. ISSN 1814-8182

Bakker, Gerben (2000) Book review: an international history of the recording industry Business History, 42 (4). 222-223. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2000) Book review: Vom Flügeltelegraphen zum Internet. Geschichte der modernen Telekommunikation Business History, 42 (3). 172-174. ISSN 0007-6791

Bakker, Gerben (2000) America's master: the decline and fall of the European film industry in the United States In: Passerini, L, (ed.) Across the Atlantic. Presses inter-universitaires Europeennes, Brussels, 213-240.

Expert Image

Personal website

Awards

Gino Luzzatto Dissertation Prize for the best PhD in European Economic History, awarded by the European Historical Economics Society, Madrid, 26 July 2003; Herman E. Krooss Dissertation Prize for the best Ph.D. in Business History, awarded by the Business History Conference (US), Lowell, MA, 28 June 2003; Coleman Prize for the best PhD defended in 2001 dealing with British business history (awarded by the Association of Business Historians); Prize for the best Ph.D. of the Department of History of the European University Institute during 1998-2001; New Researchers' Prize for 'The social savings of the film industry,' at the Annual Conference of the Economic History Society, Glasgow, April 2001

LSE Research Online|

Collection of LSE research outputs

LSE Consulting|

Service providing unique access
to LSE's expertise

Create or update your
online profile
|

[access restricted to staff]

Research highlights|

Short articles about LSE research