Nicod, Elena

Miss Elena Nicod  


Position held

Research Associate


Experience keywords:

health policy; health technology assessment; market access; pharmaceutical policy; pricing and reimbursement

Research summary > [Click to expand]

My research interests focus on pharmaceutical policy, market access, and pricing and reimbursement mechanisms. More specifically, the work conducted within my doctoral research focuses on and compares health technology assessment processes and outcomes in different countries to identify the rationale for coverage decision-making, in view of minimising inter-country variability in access to these treatments and proposing ways forward to harmonise these processes.

Sectors and industries to which research relates:

Healthcare; Policy and Regulatory Bodies

Countries and regions to which research relates:

Australia; Canada; England; France; Scotland; Sweden


French [Spoken: Fluent, Written: Fluent]; German [Spoken: Intermediate, Written: N/A]; Italian [Spoken: Intermediate, Written: Intermediate]; Spanish [Spoken: Intermediate, Written: Intermediate]

Contact Points

LSE phone number:

+44 (0)207 955 7540

Alt email:



Nicod, Elena and Annemans, Lieven and Bucsics, Anna and Lee, Anne and Upadhyaya, Sheela and Facey, Karen (2017) HTA programme response to the challenges of dealing with orphan medicinal products: process evaluation in selected European countries Health Policy. ISSN 0168-8510 (In Press)

Jackson, Timothy L. and Nicod, Elena and Angelis, Aris and Grimaccia, Federico and Pringle, Edward and Kanavos, Panos (2017) Pars plana vitrectomy for diabetic macular edema: a systematic review, meta-analysis, and synthesis of safety literature Retina, 37 (5). 886-895. ISSN 1539-2864

Nicod, Elena (2017) Why do health technology assessment coverage recommendations for the same drugs differ across settings? Applying a mixed methods framework to systematically compare orphan drug decisions in four European countries European Journal of Health Economics, 18 (6). 715-730. ISSN 1618-7598


Nicod, Elena and Kanavos, Panos (2016) Developing an evidence-based methodological framework to systematically compare HTA coverage decisions: a mixed methods study Health Policy, 120 (1). 35-45. ISSN 0168-8510

Nicod, Elena and Kanavos, Panos (2016) Scientific and social value judgments for orphan drugs in health technology assessment International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 32 (4). 218-232. ISSN 0266-4623

Nicod, Elena and Jackson, Timothy L. and Grimaccia, Federico and Angelis, Aris and Costen, Marc and Haynes, Richard and Hughes, Edward and Pringle, Edward and Zambarakji, Hadi and Kanavos, Panos (2016) Direct cost of pars plana vitrectomy for the treatment of macular hole, epiretinal membrane and vitreomacular traction: a bottom-up approach European Journal of Health Economics, 17 (8). 991-999. ISSN 1618-7598

Angelis, Aris and Kanavos, Panos and López-Bastida, Julio and Linertová, Renata and Nicod, Elena and Serrano-Aguilar, Pedro (2016) Social and economic costs and health-related quality of life in non-institutionalised patients with cystic fibrosis in the United Kingdom BMC Health Services Research, 15 (428). ISSN 1472-6963


Jackson, Timothy L. and Nicod, Elena and Angelis, Aris and Grimaccia, Federico and Prevost, Andrew T. and Simpson, Andrew R.H. and Kanavos, Panos (2013) Pars plana vitrectomy for vitreomacular traction syndrome: a systematic review and metaanalysis of safety and efficacy Retina, 33 (10). 2012-2017. ISSN 0275-004X

Jackson, Timothy and Nicod, Elena and Simpson, Andrew and Angelis, Aris and Grimaccia, Federico and Kanavos, Panos (2013) Symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion Retina, 33 (8). 1503-1511. ISSN 1539-2864

Jackson, Timothy L. and Nicod, Elena and Angelis, Aris and Grimaccia, Federico and Prevost, Toby and Simpson, Andrew and Kanavos, Panos (2013) Vitreous attachment in age-related macular degeneration, diabetic macular edema, and retinal vein occlusion Retina, 33 (6). 1099-1108. ISSN 1539-2864


Nicod, Elena and Kanavos, Panos (2012) Commonalities and differences in HTA outcomes: a comparative analysis of five countries and implications for coverage decisions Health Policy, 108 (2-3). 167-177. ISSN 0168-8510

Kanavos, Panos and Nicod, Elena (2012) What is wrong with orphan drug policies?: suggestions for ways forward Value in Health, 15 (8). 1182-1184. ISSN 1098-3015


Nicod, Elena (2010) Harmonizing the outcomes of HTA: an application to central nervous system treatments Euro Observer, 12 (4). 9-14. ISSN 1020-7481

Kanavos, Panos and Nicod, Elena and Espin, Jaime and van den Aardweg, Stacey (2010) Short- and long-term effects of value-based pricingvs. external price referencing EMiNet.

Kanavos, Panos and Nicod, Elena and van den Aardweg, Stacey and Pomedli, Stephen (2010) The impact of health technology assessments: an international comparison Euro Observer, 12 (4). 1-7. ISSN 1020-7481

Kanavos, Panos and Vandoros, Sotiris and Irwin, Rachel and Nicod, Elena and Casson, Margaret (2010) The European pharmaceutical market and policies - outlook for the future European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium.

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