Decision Theory and Social Choice

  • Permalink Gallery

    Catrin Campbell Moore (Bristol): “Imprecise probabilities and undermining scenarios”

Catrin Campbell Moore (Bristol): “Imprecise probabilities and undermining scenarios”

6 November 2018|

 

Catrin Campbell Moore (Bristol): “Imprecise probabilities and undermining scenarios”

Sometimes one ends up in an unfortunate situation when you cannot come to a stable opinion: whatever belief you adopt makes you want to change your mind. I suggest that in such scenarios you should adopt imprecise probabilities.

Catrin Campbell […]

  • Permalink Gallery

    Matthew Adler (Duke) “The structure of luck prioritarianism”

Matthew Adler (Duke) “The structure of luck prioritarianism”

30 May 2018|

 

Matthew Adler (Duke) “The structure of luck prioritarianism”

Matthew D. Adler is the Richard A. Horvitz Professor of Law and Professor of Economics, Philosophy and Public Policy at Duke University, and is the founding director of the Duke Center for Law, Economics and Public Policy.

  • Permalink Gallery

    Teruji Thomas (Oxford): “The Veil of Ignorance Revisited”

Teruji Thomas (Oxford): “The Veil of Ignorance Revisited”

7 February 2018|

 

Teruji Thomas (Oxford): “The Veil of Ignorance Revisited”

The rough idea of what I call “the veil of ignorance principle” is to identify the moral or “social” point of view with the point of view of a self-interested individual who is uncertain of his or her own identity. In conjunction with expected utility theory (EUT), such a principle […]

  • Permalink Gallery

    Anneli Jefferson (Birmingham): “Moral self image and moral decision making”

Anneli Jefferson (Birmingham): “Moral self image and moral decision making”

31 January 2018|

 

Anneli Jefferson (Birmingham): “Moral self image and moral decision making”

Our moral decisions and actions are guided by what we take to be morally permissible and impermissible. In this talk I consider another factor which may affect both our judgment of moral permissibility and our moral conduct, our moral self-image. In particular, I ask whether a positive view […]

Hugh Mellor (Cambridge): “Chances and Conditionals”

17 January 2018|

 

Hugh Mellor (Cambridge): “Chances and Conditionals”

In a projected book, “Most Counterfactuals Are False”, Alan Hájek infers the truth of its title from the ubiquity of chance. I argue in this talk that he is wrong: the ubiquity of chance does not verify his title: chances do not falsify counterfactuals. Single-case chances are perfectly consistent with determinism, i.e. […]

  • Permalink Gallery

    Remco Heesen (Cambridge): “Statistical Biases in Peer Review”

Remco Heesen (Cambridge): “Statistical Biases in Peer Review”

29 November 2017|

 

Remco Heesen (Cambridge): “Statistical Biases in Peer Review”

Various biases are known to affect the peer review system, which is used to judge journal articles for their suitability for publication and grant proposals for their suitability for funding. These biases are generally attributed to cognitive biases held by individual peer reviewers. For example, gender bias in peer review […]

Bart Engelen (Tilburg): “Nudging and Rationality”

1 March 2017|

 

Bart Engelen (Tilburg): “Nudging and Rationality”

The literature on nudging has rekindled normative and conceptual debates surrounding both the aims liberal and democratic governments can aim for and the means they can employ. An oft-heard criticism is that nudging governments, by exploiting people’s psychological mechanisms, manipulate them and insufficiently respect their rational decision-making capacities. Bypassing and/or perverting people’s […]

  • Permalink Gallery

    Koen Decancq (Antwerp): “Non-parametric well-being comparisons”

Koen Decancq (Antwerp): “Non-parametric well-being comparisons”

15 February 2017|

 

Koen Decancq (Antwerp): “Non-parametric well-being comparisons”

Abstract: We study the problem of making interpersonal well-being comparisons when individuals have heterogeneous – possibly incomplete – preferences. We present a robust – also incomplete – criterion for well-being comparisons that states that one individual is better off than another one if the intersection between the extended upper contour set of […]

  • Permalink Gallery

    Miklós Rédei (LSE): “Properties of Bayesian learning based on conditional expectation as a conditioning device”

Miklós Rédei (LSE): “Properties of Bayesian learning based on conditional expectation as a conditioning device”

25 October 2016|

 

 

Miklós Rédei (LSE): “Properties of Bayesian learning based on conditional expectation as a conditioning device”

This talk investigates the general properties of general Bayesian learning, where “general Bayesian learning” means inferring a probability measure from another that is regarded as (uncertain) evidence, and where the inference is conditionalizing the evidence using the conditional expectation determined by a reference […]

  • Permalink Gallery

    Hive Minds: Collective Intelligence in Humans and Other Animals (the Forum)

Hive Minds: Collective Intelligence in Humans and Other Animals (the Forum)

19 October 2016|

 

Hive Minds: Collective Intelligence in Humans and Other Animals (the Forum)

Swarms of bees make decisions as a ‘democratic’ collective, voting on various possible nest sites through waggle dances. Does this phenomenon amount to a form of ‘collective intelligence’? Do we also find collective intelligence in humans? And what might humans be able to learn from bees about the best ways […]