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                                            Mannheim Matters - September 2012 Edition


News and Notes

Welcome to the September  2012 edition of Mannheim Matters. In this issue we feature a seminar in honour of Emeritus Professor Robert Reiner celebrating his work and the presentation of a festschrift volume edited by his colleagues Professors Tim Newburn and Jill Peay. If you have any news items or features you wish to include please email Jennifer Brown.   J.Brown5@lse.ac.uk

The Mannheim Centre Home Page
Upcoming Events
Mannheim Centre Staff Members
Mannheim Centre Research Students


Meet ...Maurice Punch

Most of my life has been spent in educational institutions and I have no exotic or hidden past. I haven’t worked on deep-sea trawlers, was never in military service and did not compete in the Hawaii Iron Man Triathlon. Given that academics can be childish and groups in a classroom regress to the infantile, I feel as if I`ve never been out in the real world. Perhaps that was what attracted me to policing: it was about something real and – in between the routine and boredom – occasionally dramatic. In the early 1970s, however, access to the police in the UK was difficult and in exasperation I took up a two year appointment at Utrecht University. My wife is Dutch and I intended to learn Dutch properly and then return to the UK. But I`m still there.

I approached the Amsterdam Police and conducted field-work in the inner-city. I was about to finish when I discovered I was witnessing a corruption scandal and was able to stay on to study the scandal`s impact. That began my interest in “organizational deviance” and extending that to corporate crime. After Utrecht I was offered a chair at Nyenrode University (a business school in a 13th century castle in Breukelen - “Brooklyn” in Manhattan). I taught every level from undergraduate to executive and focussed on crises and disasters as camouflage for exploring corporate deviance. It was not a particularly academic environment but I had a measure of freedom, funds for travel and could mount a conference in 1980 with the leading lights in policing (which Paul Rock and Robert Reiner attended). Later in the early 1990s the institution faced a financial crisis and reorganization which presented me with the option of leaving with a “deal” which I took.

As an independent scholar without an institutional base was tough going. But I was able to focus fully on my main interest around abuse of power and evasion of accountability in policing and corporations. Then I was asked to teach at Essex and Robert Reiner asked me to give a Mannheim seminar in 1988. From then on I started commuting to the UK to teach at Essex, LSE, King`s London and to give seminars to police officers and oversight agencies. At the LSE I initially found the buildings shabby, the facilities poor and the teaching highly traditional. But moving from a Continental university system to the British one was incredibly refreshing and stimulating. In general the Dutch academic culture I encountered was defensive, insular, derivative and lacking in high quality. There are explanations for this and it is not so much a question of individual quality but of system characteristics. In contrast the colleagues at Essex, King`s and LSE were first-rate scholars who were important in shaping my work; graduate students were often excellent; and the LSE infrastructure was transformed. The emphasis on quality and the intellectual openness of the Mannheim group, and the network around Criminology at King`s, was exceptional. This encouraged me to work on my “millennium trilogy” with books on police corruption (2010), police use of firearms (2011) and state violence in Northern Ireland (2012) . Alas sales have not yet matched those of Sig Larsson.  

Given this, and that I`m approaching the departure lounge of my career, it`s distressing that Criminology in two leading centres in London seems to be on the wane.  I can only hope that the subject – so vital to contemporary society and to life in the capital – will soon be revived in all its glory.  

Maurice Punch


International Centre for Comparative Criminological Research by Louise Westmarland

Dr Louise Westmarland, Senior Lecturer in Criminology at the Open University, has recently been appointed Director of the International Centre for Comparative Criminological Research (ICCCR). The Centre was originally set up by Professors John Muncie and Clive Emsley in 2003 as a multi disciplinary and cross-faculty space for collaboration between criminologists and historians and one of the most important recent events is that in 2010 it was formally partnered with the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (CCJS). We have 16 members from various departments within the Faculty of Social Sciences, ten partner members in CCJS and a further ten affiliated members drawn from the other Faculties at the OU and the wider international academic community.


What is ICCCR about?


ICCCR aims to draw upon expertise at the Open University from Social Sciences (social policy & criminology, psychology and sociology) and Health and Social Care (youth justice); and from the affiliated International Centre for the History of crime, policing and justice, based in the OU’s Faculty of Arts; and the affiliated Higher and Distance Education in Prison research interest group, based in the Institute of Educational Technology.


Centre members have strong research interests in contemporary and emerging forms of governance and strategies of policing and regulation. This includes the role of the criminal law in identifying and investigating 'social harms', the shifting boundaries between public and private agencies, the submersion of social policy matters into law and order agendas, the role of the media in constructing public notions of crime and punishment, crime science, and changing forms of institutional regulation and accountability. Their interests also centre on the experience of victims and witnesses within the criminal justice process, and procedural issues of how best to elicit identification evidence.


ICCCR unites contemporary practice-based research and critical policy analysis in crime, policing and criminal justice with an awareness of historical, psychological and social contexts and has developed three substantive (but inter-related) areas of expertise: policing; justice, rights and regulation, and prisons/penology.


Coherence between our different areas of interest these subject areas is maintained through a shared interest in comparative methodologies (historical and/or cross-cultural) and in a concern for processes of governance and regulation. Our research is aimed at academic, policy and practitioner audiences, and is disseminated via regular conferences, seminars and publications.


What are ICCCR’s activities?


One of our activities is an annual conference, usually attended by international speakers and delegates. This year we are hosting ‘Resisting the Eclipse: An International Symposium on Prison Ethnography’ at our campus in Milton Keynes. The aim of this year’s conference is to explore whether reports of the demise of prison ethnography is exaggerated. This international gathering of prison researchers, speakers, panels and workshops will explore what prison ethnography has got to offer in an era of mass incarceration. At this International Symposium, prison researchers from around the world come together to resist the silencing and invisibilisation of marginalised people that the relentless growth of imprisonment attempts to accomplish.



How is ICCCR organised?


As mentioned above, the Centre draws its membership from a number of departments, including Social Policy and Criminology, Psychology and sociology. As such, its research expertise is widely distributed. Therefore, as well as coming together as a large research centre, members also meet and collaborate within smaller groupings


The Rethinking Criminology Group

The Rethinking Criminology Group is based in the Social Policy and Criminology Department within the Faculty of Social Sciences. Criminology at the Open University has an established reputation for critical scholarship which is informed by a dynamic and thriving research environment. Currently, our research is concentrated in three general topic areas: policing, imprisonment/punishment, and youth justice. Our research programmes in each of these areas include a problematisation of 'taken-for-granted' assumptions about 'crime', 'the criminal', and/or 'justice'. In the area of policing, our research has included studies of policing and gender and occupational culture as well as violence and police brutality. Current research projects in this area include studies of police corruption, integrity and ethics, and an ethnographic consideration of homicide detectives. With respect to imprisonment/punishment our research ranges from empirical examinations of prison life (for men, women and young people) to broad questions surrounding penal policy, the use of punishment and the concept of justice. In youth justice our key research strands consider children's rights and youth justice policy, the governance of disengaged youth, and considerations of the perspectives of youth justice practitioners and young people during processes of youth justice reform.


The Forensic Cognition Research Group

The Forensic Cognition Research Group is based in the psychology department in the Faculty of Social Sciences at The Open University. The research undertaken by the group has looked at different identification procedures and ways of minimising false identifications, as well as at developments in facial composite systems such as E-FIT. Current research is looking at how age and individual differences might impact on identification of suspects and memory for faces. As well as conducting laboratory-based research, the group is conducting a number of surveys. The first is designed to investigate public perceptions of crime science, and how this might be influenced by programmes such as CSI, and a second survey is focused on the experience of witnesses who have recently participated in an identification procedure. The group has close links with a range of policing organisations and much of their research is aimed at policing policy, investigative procedures and practice. Their research has informed revisions to the PACE Codes and  members have been involved in revising ACPO guidelines to accompany new legislation and changes in technology. The group has attracted substantial external funding from the Home Office, EPSRC and the BPS.


Who are our partners?


The Centre's research is aimed at academic, policy and practitioner audiences. Over the past few years valuable links have been established with 'external' institutions at home and abroad. In 2010 we were delighted to have ICCCR formally partnered with the Centre for Crime and Justice Studies (CCJS), which is based in London and operates as an independent public interest charity that engages with the worlds of criminal justice research and policy, practice and campaigning. The Centre's current mission is to inspire enduring change by promoting understanding of social harm, the centrality of social justice and the limits of criminal justice. Its vision is of a society in which everyone benefits from equality, safety, social and economic security.


CCJS was first established in July 1931 as the 'Association for the Scientific Treatment of Criminals'. It was renamed the 'Institute for the Scientific Treatment of Delinquency' in July 1932, and the 'Institute for the Study and Treatment of Delinquency' in 1951. It adopted its current name - the 'Centre for Crime and Justice Studies' - in 1999. The Centre produces an extensive range of publications on different aspects of criminal justice, including research reports, policy briefing papers, pamphlets, journal articles, lecture presentations and speeches. The Centre also owns the British Journal of Criminology and produces a quarterly magazine, Criminal Justice Matters.


International networks have also been established with the EPSRC funded International Centre for Advanced Research in Identification Science and between 2006 and 2009 the ICCCR was part of the CRIMPREV consortium of 31 universities and research institutes across the EU working on a three-year project aimed at producing comparative knowledge about perceptions of crime and deviance and crime prevention strategies. The project was funded by the EU under FP 6. The Open University hosted the conference that concluded the project in the summer of 2009.


We are also affiliated with the Higher and Distance Education in Prison group which is a (HDEP) research interest group within the Computers and Learning Research Group (CaLRG) was established in March 2001 and aims to provide a platform for researchers in the cross-disciplinary field of higher and distance education in a secure environment. The group is based in the Institute of Educational Technology at The Open University. Psychology members are also part of the South East Eyewitness Network which brings together those researching eyewitness identification procedures.



Associated Centres


International Centre for the history of Crime, Policing and Justice


The International Centre for the history of Crime, Policing and Justice is based in the Faculty of Arts (Department of History) and was established in 1990. Directed by Dr Paul Lawrence, the Centre aims to promote and facilitate research into the history and practice of modern policing around the world (since c. 1750), and to generate the exchange of ideas between academics and serving policemen. This is achieved via seminars, conferences, publications and the provision of specialist archive facilities. It also has close connections with the Institut National des Hautes Etudes de Sécurité (INHES) and the Arbeitsgruppe zur Polizeigeschichte. The Centre has research specialisms in the history of crime and policing in Europe and the history of colonial policing. Recent visiting research staff have come from as far afield as America, New Zealand, Australia and Brazil, and the permanent staff at the Centre are always keen to hear of relevant research being conducted world-wide. Recent archival acquisitions include the entire ACPO (Association of Chief Police Officers) Archive.


The Centre has strong links with the Groupe Européen de Recherche sur les Normativités (GERN) and close connections with the Institut des Hautes Etudes de la Sécurité (IHESI) and the Arbeitsgruppe zur Polizeigeschichte.


The Centre holds a substantial collection of international police-related journals, newsletters and articles, but mainly it contains documentation on the British police, for instance the Metropolitan Police Force, Commissioners Reports, Policing on Scottish Burghs, etc. It also keeps copies of Metropolitan Police Orders dating from 1865 to the 1950s and Justice of the Peace dating from 1863 to 1965.


Recent Publications

Ethical dilemmas in psychological research with vulnerable people in Africa by Abeeb Salaam and Jennifer Brown

Ethics and Behaviour: tandfonline.com

DOI 10.1080/10508422-2012.728478


There have been a couple of postings on the Politics and Policy blog, but this facility has not been widely used by members of Mannheim. You are encouraged to post blogs if you have pieces you think will be of interest.







Jill Peay and Tim Newburn organised a celebration of the work of Robert Reiner on 28th June. which include an exploration and launch of "Policing: Politics, Culture; essays in Honour of Robert Reiner published by Hart and edited by Jill and Tim.


This was a gathering of criminology's finest to pay tribute to Robert's work. Ian Loader and Richard Sparks presented a paper called "beyond lamentation; towards a democratic egalitarian politics of crime and justice; P A J (Tank) Waddington talked about cop culture; Ben Bowling, Correte Phillips and James Sheptycki discussed their work on race, political economy and the coercive state; Phone hacking, riots, looting, gangs and mediatised  police chief was the topic chosen by Chris Greer and Eugene McLaughlin which focused on Sir Hugh Orde's trial by media; Francis Heidensohn and Jennifer Brown showed some clips to illustrated their paper called From Julie to Jane; women cops in tv cop shows, reality ,rank and careers; and Philip Stenning talked us through the shifting boundaries of policing; globalisation and its possibilities, a paper he co-wrote with Clifford Shearing. The session were chaired by Martin Innes and Peter Manning.


In the reception that followed Robert was presented with a specially bound copy of the book by Mike Levi and a valediction was given by Lucia Zedner.


The seminar and reception were a tribute to the huge contribution made by Robert to criminology specially in the area of policing and the warmth,  affection and admiration people feel for Robert was palpable.


Independent Police Commission

Jennifer Brown presented a paper at The Third Annual Conference of the Higher Education Forum for Learning and Development in Policing (POLCON 3) held at John Moores University, Liverpool. She discussed issues pertaining to the professionalisation of the police and was on a panel with Sir Peter Fahy, chief Constable of Greater Manchester and Derek Barnett, President of the Superintendents Association.


There will be a workshop of the academic contributors to the Commission to be held at LSE on 2nd October.


The Commission has held a number of regional meetings and Lord John Stevens was host on a radio phone in in Newcastle.


Jennifer is also working on a major survey of police officers and police staff


Further details of the work of the Commission can be found at:



Post-grad Update

Daniel Bear and Johannes Reiken have been instrumental in getting LSE post grads together with Oxford post grads to hold a seminar and then a work shop.


The Mannheim Centre for Criminology at LSE & the Police and Policing Research Discussion Group at the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford present: Translating across the divide: Considering the uses of scholarly knowledge for police, and police knowledge for scholars


This is a collaboration to explore current issues in policing, contributing both to academic work of young researchers and public discussion.


The first meeting will be comprised of a small group seminar led by expert presenters followed by group discussion, and will be followed a week later with a workshop where engaged research students will present and challenge each other’s work in relation to the insights of the expert-led seminar.


The Seminar will take place at the LSE on Friday, the 19th of October, 10-13.

The workshop will take place in Oxford the following Friday, the 26th of October 11- 15:30.


Seminar, 19 October, LSE

This panel will include 2-3 speakers, including at least one leading academic and one leading public figure, within a small group setting of 10-15 engaged junior and student researchers. Speakers will be asked to examine the triangle that is formed by the relationship of the police, the government and academics and give their perspective on the nature of this engagement in the UK today. Taking into consideration the growing interest in the translation of research into practice and the position of the evidence-based practice in policing today we will explore questions such as: where does learning take place? What does translational research mean for current actors? Is knowledge transfer the way forward or a misunderstanding of the nature of knowledge? Speakers will be asked to specifically comment on how these questions relate to the new Police College currently being established.


In our discussion following the speakers input, the group will try to specifically touch upon the matrix created by the two distinct perspectives - Sociology for the Police and Sociology of the Police - as it is reflected in Police-Academia engagement across the world and in our own work.


Workshop, 26 October, Oxford

Student participants from the 19 October seminar will be invited to take part in a half-day workshop event on the following Friday, 26 October, at the University of Oxford.  Those taking part in the seminar will be asked to present an aspect of their current or planned research project, focusing on the translation of their research for an unintended audience. As such, those students whose research is intended for a largely academic audience will be asked to consider how their research might become useful to – or appropriated by – police practitioners or policy audiences.  Those whose research is intended for practitioner or policy audiences will be asked to consider how their work could be translated to a more scholarly or civil society-oriented inquiry into police practice.

Participants will be asked to provide a brief summary of their project and commentary on the possibilities of translating their work to an unintended audience, totalling no more than 10 minutes in length.  They should also submit a one page outline of their presentation to the group in advance of the workshop.  Participants should read others’ submissions in light of the 19 October seminar discussion, and come prepared to engage and provide feedback on the presentations.

Any PhD students interested in taking part should contact Daniel Bear at D.Bear@lse.ac.uk for more information.


Mannheim Intern

Isabell Schuster  is working at the Mannheim Centre during  September and October as  a research intern. Isabell is studying Psychology (Diploma) at the University of Potsdam and Turkish Studies (B.A.) at the Free University of Berlin Isabell says “ I have chosen doing a work placement (which is part of my Psychology studies) in order to improve my research skills and get in contact with other areas of current investigation. In Germany I work as a research assistant in Social Psychology In order to gain an insight into Forensic Psychology and Criminology I applied to  work at The Mannheim. During my first month,  I have attended  different meetings and, amongst other things, I have done some  really interesting qualitative analysis. So, I’m really glad being here, not only because – thanks to Jennifer’s support- I am learning a lot of new and interesting things, but also because I have the opportunity to get to know very kind people”.





Hermann Mannheim quote of the month

In 1946 Hermann Mannheim published “Criminal Justice and Social Reconstruction. The book, he says, was in part inspired by the incompleteness of his previous publications and also on being invited to contribute to a series" International Library of Sociology and Social Reconstruction. In his introduction, Mannheim says” ..any attempt to reconstruct the criminal law has to face two basic problem: 1) we have to make up our minds as to what we regard as the most important values in a reconstructed world; 2) we have to decide whether these values should be protected by means at the disposal of the criminal law, or whether their protection should be left to agencies of a different character. The first point involves a reconsideration of our system of values ; the second makes necessary a new demarcation of the scope of the criminal law...There remains a third question...having come to the conclusion that society should protect a certain good by means of the criminal law, we still have to ask whether a solution of each and every single problem that might arise from the policy should be the duty of the criminal law and the criminal courts, or whether at least certain aspects be better left to other agencies."

From The Archives

From 'Street Life in London', 1877, by John Thomson and Adolphe Smith:

"At the corner of Church Lane, Holborn, there was a second-hand furniture dealer, whose business was a cross between that of a shop and a street stall. The dealer was never satisfied unless the weather allowed him to disgorge nearly the whole of his stock into the middle of the street, a method which alone secured the approval and custom of his neighbours. As a matter of fact, the inhabitants of Church Lane were nearly all what I may term “street folks” – living, buying, selling, transacting all their business in the open street. It was a celebrated resort for tramps and costers of every description."

Forthcoming Events

Independent Police Commission Workshop 2nd October

1.30-5-30pm St Clements S221

This is a special meeting bringing together the academics who have contributed position papers to assist the Stevens work on the Independent Commission into the Future of Policing


1:50 – 1:55

J. Brown


Panel I: Purposes & paradigms

1:55 – 3:00

C. Emsley




M. Bacon

Police culture



D. Wood/S. Tong/R. Bryant




B. Bradford/M. Hough




J. Fleming

Police professionalism



M. Shiner

Questions & answers


3:00 – 3:05


Short break

Panel II: Tasks & delivery

3:05 – 4:10

R. Armitage/P. Ekblom/A. Hirschfield

Crime prevention



M. O’Neill




M. Silvestri

Women officers



C. Stott

Public Order



J. Grieve




T. Newburn

Questions & answers


4:10 – 4:20



Panel III: Governance & accountability

4:20 – 5:25

N. Tilley

Professional problem solvers



I. Loader




K. Stenson




M. Rowe




M. Jones

LGB Police Officers



J. Peay

Questions & answers


5:25 – 5:30

J. Brown



What if ...4th October

6.45 to 9pm, East Building (EAS E171)

The Howard League and the Mannheim Centre at the London School of Economics would like to invite you to the next in it’s What if…? series of challenging pamphlets seminars.  Andrew Ashworth, Vinerian Professor of English Law, All Souls College, Oxford University will present the notion that property offences should be non-imprisonable.

Keir Starmer, the Director of Public Prosecutions and Lord Faukener, former Lord Chancellor are the   discussants.

The seminar will be held at the London School of Economics on Thursday 4th October between 6.45 and 9pm.  Professor Jill Peay will Chair the event.

British Society of Criminology South Branch and the Mannheim Centre for Criminology – LSE 2012/13



10 Oct             Professor Rosie Meek, University of Teesside: The role of sport in rehabilitation and desistance from crime

LSE: New Academic Building, Room 1.07


7 Nov              Matthew Bacon, University of Sheffield: Taking care of the drug business: A study of police detectives, drug law enforcement and                                                                           proactive  Investigation

LSE: Connaught House, Room 1.05


5 Dec              Professor Jon Silverman, University of Bedfordshire and former Home Affairs Editor BBC: Crime policy and the media

LSE: New Academic Building, Room 1.07


16 Jan             Professor Wayne Morrison, Queen Mary University of London Lessons for the study of state crime from the Nazi era   

LSE: New Academic Building, Room 1.07


13 Feb             David Scott, University of Central Lancashire:Ghosts beyond our realm: prison officer occupational culture and less eligibility

LSE: New Academic Building, Room 1.07


13 Mar            Ros Burnett, University of Oxford:False allegations of abuse in positions of trust

LSE: New Academic Building, Room 1.07


15 May            Professor Mike Nash, University of Portsmouth:Co-operating or Coerced? The 'others' in public protection.

LSE: Connaught House, Room 1.05


12 Jun             Professor David Wilson Birmingham City University:What we can learn from the history of British serial killing

LSE: Connaught House, Room 1.05


The seminars will begin at 6.30pm, with wine from 6.15pm, and we recommend arriving early to be sure of a seat.  We hope you will also be able to stay for drinks with the speaker afterwards.

Post graduate student workshop

Translating across the divide: Considering the uses of scholarly knowledge for police, and police knowledge for scholars

19th October CON 7.05 10-1pm (This event is limited to PhD and MSc students)

To Do in London


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