Nixon, Kissinger, and the Shah: The Origins of Iranian Primacy in the Persian Gulf
Dr Roham Alvandi, Diplomatic History (Volume 36, Issue 2, 2012)
Drawing on American, British, and Iranian sources, this article makes the case that the shift in U.S. Gulf policy from balancing under Johnson to Iranian primacy under Nixon reflected a change in American thinking about the shah of Iran, Muhammad Reza Pahlavi. This change in American thinking provided fertile ground for the shah's relentless efforts to secure Washington's backing for Iran's regional primacy throughout the 1970s.
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