Prof Sonia Livingstone  and
Dr Leslie Haddon
Department of Media and Communications
London School of Economics
Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE

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The EU Kids Online network is funded by the EC Safer Internet Programme|


EU Kids Online


Nathalie Sonck
The Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP)
P.O. Box 16164
2500 BD Den Haag
The Netherlands
tel: +31 70-3406037
fax: + 31 703407044

SonckNathalie Sonck

 Nathalie Sonck is a senior media researcher in the Time, Media and  Culture research group at the Netherlands Institute for Social
 Research|SCP. She specialises in research on media use, and in
 particular the consequences of Internet use by young people, their  
 digital skills and the role of parental mediation strategies.  

Jos De HaanJos de Haan 

Jos de Haan  is head of the research group Time, Media and Culture at the Netherlands Institute for Social Research | SCP and professor of ICT, Culture and Knowledge Society at the Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR).
Up to five areas of expertise: digital skills, e-culture, youth, sociology, new media 

Marjolijn Antheunis NLMarjolijn Antheunis

Dr. Marjolijn Antheunis is an Assistant Professor at the Tilburg center for Cognition and Communication at the Tilburg University, the Netherlands. Her research interests focus on social aspects of the internet in general, and online friendship formation and online impression formation in specific.

Susanne Baumgartner NLSusanne Baumgartner

Susanne Baumgartner is a Ph.D. candidate at the Amsterdam School of Communication Research, ASCoR, at the University of Amsterdam. As a member of the Center for Research on Children, Adolescents, and the Media, she investigates adolescents' risk behavior on the internet (|

Simone van de Hof NLSimone van der Hof 

Simone van der Hof is full professor of Law and the Information Society at Leiden University and researches online child safety and children's rights. She is project leader of a multi-disciplinary project on cyberbullying, a collaboration with Prof. Patti Valkenburg (Amsterdam University) and Prof. Catholijn Jonker (Delft University).

Els KuiperEls Kuiper

Els Kuiper is a researcher and lecturer at the University of Amsterdam. She graduated in educational science. Her research interests focus on the use of technology in education, in particular the way in which education can contribute to the critical use of the internet by children.  

Peter NikkenPeter Nikken

 Peter Nikken is Professor of Media, Children and Parents at Erasmus University Rotterdam and senior researcher at the Netherlands Youth Institute. His research focuses on the intermediate role of parents and professional educators on children's media use. He has published popular and academic reports on children and media, and is a consultant for several organisations, including Kijkwijzer and PEGI.

Natascha Notten NLNatascha Notten 

Natascha Notten works as an Associate Professor at Radboud University, Nijmegen. Her research interests include social stratification in various domains (e.g. media use, cultural consumption, health and educational inequalities), and more specific, causes and consequences of parental media socialization. She has published her research in several international and Dutch journals. 

Marc Verboord NLMarc Verboord

 Marc Verboord is Associate Professor in the department of Media and Communication at Erasmus University Rotterdam. His research focuses on cultural consumption patterns, cultural socialisation, classification of cultural products, media use, and the Internet's impact on the social valuation of cultural products. 

National Reports

Here we provide links to a summary of the EU Kids Online 2010 survey findings (European) in the national language, an internet safety guide for children in parents in the national language, national recommendations from the EU Kids Online findings for policy makers and stakeholders, and other national materials if available.

Summary of survey findings

National recommendations

Internet safety guide

Country Factsheet Netherlands|


Sonck, N. & J. de Haan (2012). How the Internet skills of European 11- to 16-year-olds mediate between online risk and harm. In: Journal of Children and Media.
Sonck, N., P. Nikken & J. de Haan (2012). Determinants of Internet mediation. In: Journal of Children and Media.

De Haan, J. & N. Sonck (2012). Digital skills in perspective: a critical reflection on research and policy. In: Media Studies, jg.3, nr. 6, p. 125-138.

Sonck, N. & J. de Haan (2011). Kinderen en internetrisico's. EU Kids Online Onderzoek bij 9-16-jarige internetgebruikers in Nederland. [children and internet risks. EU Kids Online research among 9-16 year old internet users in the Netherlands] The Hague: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (see:|)

Sonck, N., S. Livingstone, E. Kuiper & J. de Haan (2011). Digital literacy and safety skills (Short report). LSE, London: EU Kids Online (see:|)

Sonck, N., E. Kuiper & J. de Haan (2012). Digital skills in the context of media literacy. In: S. Livingstone, L. Haddon en A. Görzig (eds.), Children, risk and safety online: Research and policy challenges in comparative perspective. Bristol: the Policy Press.

Sonck, N. & J. de Haan (in press). Safety by literacy? Rethinking the role of digital skills to improve online safety. In: S. van der Hof, B. van den Berg & B. Schermer (eds.), Youth And The internet – Regulating Online Opportunities And Risks. Springer Press.


Nathalie Sonck and Jos de Haan observed that more digital skills coincide with more exposure to online risks among youngsters. Consequently, they suggested that it is important rethink the relationship between skills and risk, as well as what this means for policy about online safety.

Survey questionnaires

The EU Kids Online fieldwork involved several questionnaires. First, a face to face interview with one parent. Second, a face to face interview with the child. Then a self-completion interview for sensitive questions, with one version for 9-10 year olds and one version for 11-16 year olds.

Questionnaire for parent|

Questionnaire for child|

Self-completion questionnaire for child (Children age 9-10)|

Self-completion questionnaire for child (Children age 11-16)








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