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Sonia Livingstone    Leslie Haddon

Media and Communications, LSE
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EU Kids Online 

Please click here for Dutch language  website

In brief

Almost all children in the Netherlands have internet access and their (self-reported) digital skills are higher than in other European countries. Social media use has been high amongst Dutch youngsters for a relatively long time -they are experienced networkers online. Compared to other countries, Dutch children encounter sexual risks a little more often. Parents take an active approach by talking to their children about both positive and negative internet experiences. A small group of children might be especially vulnerable if they are restricted in their internet use, as they cannot build their online skills and benefit from online opportunities.



  • The EU Kids Online survey provided the Netherlands with a unique and representative overview of the number of children which actually encounter risks and harm online. The Dutch findings informed policy makers (especially regarding cyberbullying and the online protection of minors) and several stakeholders working on digital safety (ECP Digivaardig & Digiveilig), media literacy (, parental mediation (Mijn Kind Online) and youth policy (the Netherlands Youth Institute). In the Netherlands, an online report button for negative online experiences has been launched and NICAM developed a pilot online classification system You Rate It.
  • The Dutch findings were amongst others presented to and discussed by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, the national police, the inspectorate and the Council for Social Development. Furthermore, results were disseminated at several academic conferences.
  • Results were published in scholarly journals, such as the Journal of Children and Media, Computers in Human Behavior, Telematics and Informatics, Mens en Maatschappij.

Dutch team

Jos De Haan

Jos de Haan is head of the Care, Emancipation and Time Use research sector at the Netherlands Institute for Social Research | SCP and Professor of ICT, Culture and Knowledge Society at the Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR). Areas of expertise: digital skills, e-culture, youth, sociology, new media.


Annemarie Wennekers  is a researcher at the Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP), where she studies the role of media and technology in society. Her research projects include a comprehensive time-use study on media use in the Netherlands. Annemarie has a background in social psychology (MSc./Ph.D.) and communication science (persuasive communication).

Marjolijn Antheunis NL

Dr Marjolijn Antheunis is an Assistant Professor at the Tilburg center for Cognition and Communication, Tilburg University, the Netherlands. Her research interests focus on social aspects of the internet in general, and online friendship formation and online impression formation specifically.

Susanne Baumgartner NL

Susanne Baumgartner is Assistant Professor at the Amsterdam School of Communication Research, ASCoR, at the University of Amsterdam. As a member of the Center for Research on Children, Adolescents, and the Media, she investigates adolescents' risk behavior on the internet (

Simone van de Hof NL

Simone van der Hof is full Professor of Law and the Information Society at Leiden University and researches online child safety and children's rights. She is project leader of a multi-disciplinary project on cyberbullying, a collaboration with Professor Patti Valkenburg (Amsterdam University) and Proessor. Catholijn Jonker (Delft University).

Els Kuiper

Els Kuiper is a researcher and lecturer at the University of Amsterdam. She graduated in educational science. Her research interests focus on the use of technology in education, in particular the way in which education can contribute to the critical use of the internet by children.  

Peter Nikken

Peter Nikken is Professor of Media, Children and Parents at Erasmus University Rotterdam and senior researcher at the Netherlands Youth Institute. His research focuses on the intermediate role of parents and professional educators on children's media use. He has published popular and academic reports on children and media, and is a consultant for several organisations, including Kijkwijzer and PEGI.

Natascha Notten NL

Natascha Notten works as an Associate Professor at Radboud University, Nijmegen. Her research interests include social stratification in various domains (e.g. media use, cultural consumption, health and educational inequalities), and more specifically, causes and consequences of parental media socialisation. She has published her research in several international and Dutch journals.

Marc Verboord NL

Marc Verboord is Associate Professor in the Department of Media and Communication at Erasmus University Rotterdam. His research focuses on cultural consumption patterns, cultural socialisation, classification of cultural products, media use, and the Internet's impact on the social valuation of cultural products. 



Nathalie Sonck and Jos de Haan observed that more digital skills coincide with more exposure to online risks among youngsters. Consequently, they suggested that it is important to rethink the relationship between skills and risk, as well as what this means for policy about online safety.


Nathalie Sonck
The Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP)
P.O. Box 16164
2500 BD Den Haag
The Netherlands
tel: +31 70-3406037
fax: + 31 703407044