In brief

As an average 70% of children aged between 10 and 15 have their own smartphone in Spain (INE, 2017). Even though the number of children who go online from different devices and contexts has increased and their exposure to risks has also increased (NCGM Spain, 2016), the number of children who suffered harm due to a risk experience was relatively smaller. The evidence also showed an increasing awareness to online risks among both parents and children, as parental mediation and children’s safety skills have improved. 

Spain Spain

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  • The team has informed Spanish policy makers at all levels, through collaborations, invited for presentations of the findings, reports and other publications and indirectly through media coverage and adaptation of research results in various contexts. We collaborate closely with the Spanish agency for Digital Agenda (Red.Es) and with the Spanish Institute for Cybersecurity (INCIBE) which coordinates the Safer Internet Centre in Spain.
  • The team has developed the fieldwork and coordinated a report on digital divide and disadvantaged childhood for UNICEF Spain which has been presented recently to representatives of NGOs and policy makers related to children’s rights and wellbeing.
  • We have recently published a report with the main results of the survey developed for the Net Children Go Mobile project about the use of internet and mobile devices in Spain, and edited a book about children and digital media with several collaborations from Spanish, Latin American and European authors, targeted for academics, parents, stakeholders and the school community.

Reports and resources



Carmelo Garitaonandia is Professor of Journalism at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) and was its Vice-Chancellor from 2009 to 2017. PhD in Political Sciences and B.A. in Law and Master of Information and Audiovisual Communication (University of Paris VII). He has written numerous scientific articles and books on topics related to the history of communication, regional TV, digital TV and digital technologies and their influence on children and teenagers. 


Maialen Garmendia (PhD) Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the Faculty of Education, Philosophy and Anthropology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). Her interests are in social research techniques, audience research and digital technologies and everyday life. Since 2006 she has been a member of the EU Kids Online network. She coordinated the Net children Go Mobile project in Spain.

estefania jimenez

Estefanía Jiménez, (PhD) Lecturer in Media Studies at University of Basque Country (UPV/EHU). She has been visiting fellow at UAB (Barcelona), Instituto Tecnológico de Monterrey (Mexico) and University of Oxford. She has been member of EU Kids Online since 2012. She has published her works both in journals and divulgative publications and conferences. She has recently co-edited and published the book “Entre selfies y whatsapps. Oportunidades y riesgos para la infancia y la adolescencia conectada” (Gedisa, 2018), and collaborates with institutions related to childhood rights and cibersecurity such as Unicef and She is also a regular contributor to the media.

Inaki Karrera

Inaki Karrera; (PhD) Lecturer at the Faculty of Education, Philosophy and Anthropology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU) in Donostia-San Sebastián. He has taken part in several research projects, at European (Socrates-Grundtvig 2010-1-FR1-GRU06-00253-1), country and local level. His research interests are related to Educational Inclusion and Innovation, digital divide and social inequalities. 

IMG_Nekane Larrañaga

Nekane Larrañaga (PhD) Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the Faculty of Education, Philosophy and Antropology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). Her research interest and topics are related to diversity, intercultural relations, interethnic relationships, values and school, bilingualism, identity, citizenship and acculturation.  She has participated in several research projects. ORCID 0000-0002-8062-3544

gema martinez

Gemma Martínez has an MPhil in New Media and Communication. She is a PhD candidate (University of the Basque Country), expertise in parental mediation and the use of the Internet by minors. She has collaborated in different national and international academic projects, conferences and publications related to children´s online activities. She relocated to London in order to do a long research stay at LSE. Gemma has a passion for studying, working and learning about children´s development. During the last years she has combined her academic career as a researcher with working in different schools in London with children with special needs (learning and behavioural difficulties) and autistic children. 


Maialen Garmendia Larrañag
Facultad de Educación, Filosofía y Antropología
Universidad del País Vasco (UPV/EHU)
Plaza de Oñati, nº 3 –

Tel: 943 01 7025/5859