In brief

Due to national policies, children in Portugal have had widespread internet access at school between 2009 and 2011. At home, these policies promoted laptop ownership and made children's internet access via the family desktop less common. This private access and use challenges parental mediation. Having a level of internet use below the European average, Portuguese parents combine active and restrictive mediation. Children's self-reported risk and harm are relatively low, while there is still room for exploring skills and opportunities.

Portugal Portugal

Please click here for Portuguese language Website (external link)


  • Portuguese findings have informed initiatives of the Portuguese Consortium for Internet Safety (Internet Segura), which coordinates national activities.  
  • Public policies on competencies and media education have also been informed by EU Kids Online research.
  • The collected data and methodology is being used in Master seminars on Children and Media and have been used in several Master dissertations and PhD thesis.
  • Based on the national results of the EU Kids Online survey, an edited book was published in 2012, Crianças e Internet em Portugal (MinervaCoimbra, 2012). The book combines analyses and comments from stakeholders and academics.
  • The EU Kids Online outputs and reports have been broadly disseminated in the media; the team is called upon regularly to comment on issues regarding children and the internet by the media, and to give talks in scientific-based and community-driven events, at schools, libraries and town councils.
  • The team has its own website in Portuguese: http://fcsh.unl.pt/eukidsonline/
  • A national training course for the network of school librarians was designed and implemented in 2014, in Lisbon and Oporto. Thirty participants concluded the training course.
  • Since 2011, the Portuguese team has acted as a consultant for the Brazilian survey TIC Kids Online, conducted by Cetic and based on the EU Kids Online methodology. It also has contributed to the Latin American Kids online network.
  • In 2014 the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology funded an updated survey through the ‘Net Children Go Mobile’ project.
  • In 2016 the team conducted a national survey and a qualitative research on younger children (3-8 years old) and their families, for the Media Regulatory Authority (ERC). The study, Crescendo entre ecrãs (Growing up between screens) generated a full report, a book, Digital Boom? – with some bilingual chapters - and several articles, including a post in the Parenting for the Digital Future blog.
  • In 2018 the team is conducting the new EU Kids Online national survey - including Azores and Madeira for the first time, at schools, with financial support from DNS.PT and logistic support from the ministry of Education.




Cristina Ponte is Associate Professor at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa (NOVA FCSH) and researcher at ICNOVA. A member of the Steering Committee in the COST Action IS0906 on Audiences (2010-2014), she coordinated the international project Digital Inclusion and Participation (2009-2011) and the national project Children and Young People in the news (2005-2007). She was vice-chair of the TWG Children, Youth and Media (2012-2017), European Communication Research and Education Association.

Areas of expertise: children and media; media and generations; digital divides; journalism studies, media discourse.

Jose Alberto Simoes

José Alberto Simões, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa (NOVA FCSH). He is also a researcher at CICS.NOVA. His main research areas include sociology of culture, youth cultures, communication and media studies. He is currently coordinating the national project Networked Youth Activism and Portuguese participation in the international project Net Children Go Mobile.
Areas of expertise: digital divides, internet use, qualitative methods, quantitative methods, teenagers/youth.

Patricia Dias

Patricia Dias is Assistant Professor of the Faculty of Human Sciences at the Catholic University of Portugal, where she coordinates the post-graduate course on Communication and Social Media. She is a researcher at the Research Centre for Communication and Culture, and member of the Executive Board of CEPCEP - Research Centre of Portuguese-speaking Peoples and Cultures. Holding a PhD in Communication Sciences, her research interests are digital media, young children, mobile communication, marketing and public relations.

Daniel Cardoso

Daniel Cardoso, PhD, is a Guest Assistant Professor at NOVA FCSH and an Assistant Professor at the Lusophone University, in Lisbon. His PhD focuses on the sexualised usages of the new media by Portuguese children, whereas his Master's thesis was on online expressions of polyamory. He has participated in several publicly funded national research projects, namely relating to women's representation in magazines and on online fora.

Eduarda Ferreira

Eduarda Ferreira is a researcher of CICS.NOVA, at NOVA FCSH. With a background in Educational Psychology, a master degree in Learning Management Systems and a PhD on Social and Cultural Geography, her research interests are ICTs in education, geospatial web, digital inclusion, and gender equality. She is a member of diverse research projects, e.g. Net Children Go Mobile and EU Kids Online (2015-2018). She has published and presented on digital technologies, gender and education.


Teresa Sofia Castro develops her Post-Doctorate "Families iTec" at the NOVA FCSH (ICNOVA) under the supervision of Cristina Ponte. European PhD in Educational Technology. Member of EU Kids Online and COST DigiLitEY action. Her main research interests are: children’s digital lives, digital parenting, qualitative research.

Co-author of the pedagogical collection “Premika Alert! Online risk detected” inspired by the voices of children heard in fieldwork context. Academia.edu

Susana Batista

Susana Batista, PhD, is a researcher at CICS.NOVA and a Guest Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, NOVA FCSH. She is a member of the ESCXEL- Schools for Excellence Network project. Main research interests: public action in education, quantitative methods and children and media.


Rita Brito is an Invited Assistant Professor in Lisbon College of Education, Polytechnic Institute of Lisbon. She holds a PhD in Educational Technology and has conducted a post-doctoral research on the use of technologies by families and children up to 6 years old. Rita is a researcher at UIDEF – Institute of Education, University of Lisbon. Rita's research focuses on digital educational technology, children under 6 years old, Early Childhood Educators and Primary teachers training.


Ponte, Cristina; Castro, Teresa S.; Simões, José A; Batista, Susana; Jorge, Ana. 2018. Portuguese families facing the challenges of screen time. In Parenting for a Digital Future. London: LSE.

Ponte, Cristina; Batista, Susana; Castro, Teresa S. 2018. «Mi hermano lo utiliza. Mis padres lo utilizan. Cualquiera de nosotros coge un Ipad y lo utiliza». La influencia familiar en las actividades digitales de niños portugueses de 6-8 años.  In Entre selfies y whatapp: oportunidades y riesgos para la infancia y la adolescencia conectada, ed. Estafania Jimenez, Maialen Garmendia y Miguel Angel Casado, 62 - 86. Barcelona: Gedisa.

Ponte, Cristina; Simões, José A; Batista, Susana; Castro, Teresa S; Jorge, Ana. 2018. Educando entre ecrãs.  In Boom digital? Crianças (3 a 8 anos) e ecrãs, ed. Carla Martins e Cristina Ponte, 35 - 46. Lisboa: ERC - Entidade Reguladora para a Comunicação.

Castro. T; Ponte, C.; Jorge, Ana; Batista, Susana. 2017.  Crescendo entre ecrãs: competências digitais de crianças de 3 a 8 anos.  In Atas do IV Congresso Media, Literacia e Cidadania, ed. Sara Pereira e Manuel Pinto, 144 - 157.  Braga: Universidade do Minho.

Castro, T. 2017. Family digital time: Understanding contexts, emergent literacies and mediation. Relatório realizado com a supervisão de Bieke Zaman, no âmbito de Short-Term Scientific Mission financiada pela Cost Action IS1410 (DigiLitEY). http://digilitey.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/Report_KU_Leuven__Website-1.pdf

Castro, Teresa. 2017. Research, children an ethics: an ongoing dialogue. Revista EDaPECI – Educação a Distância e Práticas Educativas Comunicacionais e Interculturais, dossiê: Ética em Pesquisa em Contextos Educativos (Vol. 17, N.º 2), 81-92, ISSN: 2176 – 171X. https://seer.ufs.br/index.php/edapeci/issue/view/v17.n2.2017/showToc

Ferreira, Eduarda; Ponte, Cristina; Castro, Teresa S. 2017 "ICT and gender: Parental mediation strategies," 2017 International Symposium on Computers in Education (SIIE), Lisbon, Portugal, 2017, 1-6, doi: 10.1109/SIIE.2017.8259671, http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=8259671&isnumber=8259636

Ponte, Cristina. 2016. Um desafio dos tempos modernos: A Internet e as novas gerações.  In Dependências Online. O poder das tecnologias, ed. Ivone Patrão e Daniel Sampaio, 1 - 19. ISBN: 978-989-693-060-8. Lisboa: Pactor.

Ponte, Cristina. 2016. Crescendo em tempos digitais. Crianças e jovens na relação com os media digitais.  In Digital Media Portugal, 15 - 26. Lisboa: ERC.

Ponte, Cristina. 2016. Crescendo entre culturas digitais nas últimas décadas.  In Juventude e Virtualidade: Diálogos Interdisciplinares, ed. Nádia Laguardia de Lima, Marcia Stengel e Vanina Costa Dias, 33 - 45. ISBN: 978-85-88009-64-6. Belo Horizonte: Artesã.

Doretto, Juliana; Ponte, Cristina. 2015. "Brasil e Portugal: infâncias contemporâneas e suas culturas digitais // Brazil and Portugal: contemporary childhoods and their digital cultures", Contemporanea - Revista de Comunicação e Cultura 13, 1: 159 - 176.

Ferreira, Eduarda; Ponte, Cristina; Silva, Maria J; Azevedo, Celiana. 2015. "Mind the Gap: Digital Pratices and School", International Journal of Digital Literacy and Digital Competence 6, 3: 16 - 32.
doi: 10.4018/IJDLDC.2015070102.

Ponte, Cristina; Francisco, Karita (2014). Opposite cultures? Schools and children's practices with digital media. Ilana Eleá (Org.) Agents and voices: a panorama of Media Education in Brazil, Portugal and Spain. Nordicom, International Clearinghouse on Children and Media

Ponte, Cristina. (2014). Brazil, Portugal and Europe: gender and mobile access to the internet by children and adolescents. Alexandre Barbosa (org) TIC Kids Online Brazil Cetic, 2014.

Ponte, Cristina; Simões, José Alberto (2014). Comportamentos online de crianças e jovens portugueses.  In Psicologia dos Comportamentos Online, ed. Guilhermina Lobato Miranda, 15 - 40. Lisboa: Relógio d' Água.

Hagen, I., & Jorge, A. (2014). Grey zones: Audience research, moral evaluations and online risk negotiation. In F. Zeller, C. Ponte, & B. O’Neill (Eds.), Revitalising audiences: Innovations in European audience research. London: Routledge.

Ponte, Cristina (2014). Riscos e danos na internet: perspetivas de crianças e adolescentes portugueses. In Filipe, C.N., and Costa, R. C., (eds.) Navegar com Segurança. Lisboa, Clube do Autor: 65-82.

Ponte, Cristina; Cardoso, Daniel (2013). Em casa e no quarto: modos de uso da internet por crianças e jovens (9-16 anos). In Matos, M.G., Ferreira, M., (eds.) Nascidos Digitais: Novas Linguagens, Lazer e Dependências. Lisboa, Coisas de Ler: 239-254.

Simões, José Alberto; Ponte, Cristina & Jorge, Ana (2013). "Online experiences of socially disadvantaged children and young people in Portugal", Communications - the European Journal of Communication Research 38, 1: 85 - 106. DOI: 10.1515/commun-2013-0005

Ponte, Cristina;. Simões, José (2013). Comparando resultados sobre acesso e usos da internet: Brasil. Portugal e Europa.  In Barbosa, A., (ed) TIC Kids Online Brasil 2012. Pesquisa sobre o uso da internet por crianças e adolescentes no Brasil, 27 - 36. ISBN: 978-85-60062-61-4. São Paulo: CGI.Br. (versão em língua portuguesa e em língua inglesa)

Ponte, Cristina; Simões, José  & Jorge, Ana (2013). Do questions matter on children’s answers about internet risk and safety? Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberspace, 7(1),  doi: 10.5817/CP2013-1-2

Ponte, Cristina (2012). Mapeando riscos e oportunidades no uso da internet por crianças.  In Infância, Crianças, Internet. Desafios na era digital, ed. Ana Nunes de Almeida, 73 - 98. ISBN: 978-972-31-1464-5. Lisboa: Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian.

Ponte, Cristina (2012). "Kids Online na Europa e no Brasil. Desafios para a pesquisa comparada sobre as práticas de crianças e adolescentes na internet", Comunicação, Mídia e Consumo 9, 25: 13 - 42. ESPM, Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing, São Paulo, Brasil

Ponte, Cristina (2012). "Digitally empowered? Portuguese children and the national policies for internet inclusion". Estudos em Comunicação. Communication Studies 11: 49-66. http://www.ec.ubi.pt/ec/11/pdf/EC11-2012Mai-03.pdf

Ponte, Cristina; Jorge, Ana; Simões, José, &  Cardoso, Daniel (org). (2012). Crianças e internet em Portugal. Coimbra, MinervaCoimbra, ISBN: 978-972-798-312-4.

Newsletter "MiudosSegurosNa.Net" Ajudar Famílias, Escolas e Comunidades a Promover a Segurança de Crianças e Jovens Online Nº 174, 28.11.2012 http://miudossegurosna.net/newsletter/lt.php?id=Zx1WBgVSD1cERQJRVx8DBlZV


Dr Cristina Ponte
Departamento de Ciências da Comunicação
Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas,
Universidade Nova de Lisboa (UNL)
Av. de Berna, 26-C
1069-061 Lisboa
fax: +351 21 7977759
email: cristina.ponte@fcsh.unl.pt