In brief

Children in Norway are characterized by a high, independent and sophisticated use of the internet. The results from the 2018 survey show that most of Norwegian children have a healthy relationship to internet, and the vast majority has their own phone, tablet or computer. 96 % have their own mobile phone with internet access, and in average they use the internet for just under four hours each day. 32 % of the girls and 24 % of the boys say they are online on their phone “all the time”.

To keep in touch with friends and family is the main reason for the children’s use of internet. They also use internet to listening to music and watch different types of videos. 8 out of 10 of Norwegian children have their own profile on a social network site or gaming site. Most of the children report that they have a conscious relationship to other people online, and that they to a small degree accept all requests. Most Norwegian children (92 %) say they feel safe online. This is a larger proportion than those who feel safe at home (86 %).

Read the Norwegian report for 2019 with the results from the survey conducted in 2018.

English summary is available here.

The Norwegian team is part of «Living the Nordic Model». Living the Nordic Model is an interdisciplinary project that brings together scholars to study institutionalized childhoods of the Nordic countries.

Norway - EU Kids Online Norway - EU Kids Online

Norwegian Team

Elisabeth Staksrud

Elisabeth Staksrud is a Professor at the Dept. of Media and Communication at the University of Oslo, researching digital risks, rights and regulations. She has a long international track record in practical policy, awareness and dissemination work on Internet safety, and has coordinated several EU-funded awareness projects. Find out more.


Jørgen Kirksæther is a games researcher, and has worked on Internet Safety and electronic media policy issues for the last 15 years through the Norwegian Media Authority and the SAFT, Awareu and NONO projects. He is currently an adviser to the University of Oslo, on EC policy and project management.

Tijana Milosevic

Tijana Milosevic is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the University of Oslo’s Institute of Media and Communication. Her current research examines the policy efforts of social media companies in addressing harassment and cyberbullying from the perspective of children and teens. You can read about the latest findings in her open access book: Protecting Children Online? Cyberbullying Policies of Social Media Companies (MIT Press, 2018). Tijana completed her PhD at American University and holds an MA in Media and Public Affairs from The George Washington University.

Niamh Ni Bhroin

Niamh Ní Bhroin is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Department of Media and Communication, University of Oslo and Graduate of the BSc in Film and Broadcasting from the Dublin Institute of Technology (2004).  She is interested in the relationship between media innovations and social change and is currently working with a number of projects that explore how children use new media, with a particular focus on how they acquire digital media literacy to interact socially and participate in society.

ekaterina pash

Ekaterina Pashevich was born in Yekaterinburg, Russia, in 1991. She is currently a PhD candidate in Media Studies at the Department of Media and Communication (IMK), The University of Oslo (UiO), Norway, where she also in early 2018 completed her master thesis on automated journalism. She is a part of the EU Kids Online project in Norway and is researching the market of artificial intelligence toys, their design and regulation. Prior to arriving in Norway in mid-2015, Ekaterina obtained a bachelor degree (2013) and a master degree (2015) in international journalism from Moscow State University of International Relations, Russia.


Khalid Ezat Azam is a PhD researcher at the Department of Media and Communication at the University in Oslo. His research project focuses on public concerns and parental mediation of video games in the Nordic countries. Prior to this, he worked within the field of audiovisual media regulation as an advisor for the Norwegian Media Authority.


Kjartan Ólafsson is a lecturer at the University of Akureyri in Iceland where he teaches research methods and quantitative data analysis. He is a member of the International Advisory Panel of the EU Kids Online project and was active in designing the methodologies used in that project. He has been involved in various cross-national comparative projects on children.



Selected Publications 2019

Staksrud, E, Ólafsson, K. (2019) Tilgang, bruk, risiko og muligheter. Norske barn på Internett. Resultater fra EU Kids Online-undersøkelsen i Norge 2018. EU Kids Online and Institutt for medier og kommunikasjon, Universitetet i Oslo

Kofoed, Jette, & Staksrud, Elisabeth. (2019). ‘We always torment different people, so by definition, we are no bullies’: The problem of definitions in cyberbullying research. New Media & Society, 21(4), 1006-1020. doi: 10.1177/1461444818810026

Milosevic, T, Dias, P, Mifsud, C, Trueltzsch-Wijnen, C. (2019) “Media Representation of Children's Privacy in the Context of the Use of 'Smart Toys' and Commercial Data Collection” Medijske studije/Media Studies 9(18)

Milosevic, T, O'Neill, B, Staksrud, E. (2019) “Narratives of Industry Responses to Cyberbullying: Perspectives on Self-regulation from and About the Industry” in H. Vandebosch, L. Green (Red.) Narratives in Research and Interventions on Cyberbullying among Young People 229-243 Springer Nature ISBN 978-3-030-04959-1

Smahel, D, Milosevic, T, Livingstone, S, Staksrud, E, Kalmus, V, Mascheroni, G, Izrael, P, Hasebrink, U. (2019) “Protecting Children's Data Online: Preliminary results of the EU Kids Online survey” Press Release, EU Kids Online and Institutt for medier og kommunikasjon, Oslo 

Selected Publications 2018

Livingstone, S, Mascheroni, G, Staksrud, E. (2018) “European research on children’s internet use: Assessing the past and anticipating the future” New Media & Society 20(3) 1103-1122 doi: 10.1177/1461444816685930

Nilsen, L.G, Hafstad, G.S, Staksrud, E, Dyb, G. (2018) “Five reasons for using social media among young terror survivors: Results from the Utøya study” Computers in Human Behavior 5632(84) 285-294 doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2018.03.006

Ólafsson, K, Green, L, Staksrud, E. (2018) “Is big brother more at risk than little sister?” New Media & Society 20(4) 1360-1379 doi: 10.1177/1461444817691531

Ní Bhroin, N, Rehder, M. M. (2018) “Digital Natives or Naïve Experts? Exploring how Norwegian children (aged 9-15) understand the Internet” EU Kids Online

Toft Nørgård, R, Ess, C.M, Ní Bhroin, N. (2018) “Robot-Teachers and Phronēsis: Designing Signature Pedagogy with Robots” in M. Coeckelbergh, J. Loh, M. Funk, J. Seibt, M. Nørskov (Red.) Envisioning Robots in Society: Power, Politics and Public Space 187-198 Amsterdam: IOS Press doi: 10.3233/978-1-61499-931-7-187

Staksrud, E. (2018) Få barn ber om hjelp fra voksne når de hetses på nett. Aftenposten September 2018 

Staksrud, E. (2018) Barn og hatefulle ytringer på nett: Hva skal du gjøre. Aftenposten Junior September 2018


Elisabeth Staksrud
Dept. of Media and Communication,
University of Oslo
Boks 1093 Blindern,
0317 Oslo