Netherlands

In brief

The EU Kids Online survey provided the Netherlands with a unique and representative overview of the number of children which actually encounter risks and harm online. The Dutch findings informed policy makers (especially regarding cyberbullying and the online protection of minors) and several stakeholders working on digital safety (ECP Digivaardig & Digiveilig), media literacy (Mediawijzer.net/Mijn Kind Online), parental mediation (www.Mediaopvoeding.nl) and youth policy (the Netherlands Youth Institute/NJi). In the Netherlands, an online report button for negative online experiences has been launched and NICAM developed a pilot online classification system You Rate It. Also, the NJi developed a parental mediation toolbox for professionals in parenting support (www.nji.nltoolboxmediaopvoeding). 

Netherlands - EU Kids Online Netherlands - EU Kids Online

Highlights

  • The EU Kids Online survey provided the Netherlands with a unique and representative overview of the number of children which actually encounter risks and harm online. The Dutch findings informed policy makers (especially regarding cyberbullying and the online protection of minors) and several stakeholders working on digital safety (ECP Digivaardig & Digiveilig), media literacy (Mediawijzer.net), parental mediation (Mijn Kind Online) and youth policy (the Netherlands Youth Institute). In the Netherlands, an online report button for negative online experiences has been launched and NICAM developed a pilot online classification system You Rate It.
  • The Dutch findings were amongst others presented to and discussed by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, the national police, the inspectorate and the Council for Social Development. Furthermore, results were disseminated at several academic conferences.
  • Results were published in scholarly journals, such as the Journal of Children and Media, Computers in Human Behavior, Telematics and Informatics, Mens en Maatschappij. 

Reports and resources

Factsheet

Summary of findings

Recommendations

Safety guide

Questionnaires

The EU Kids Online fieldwork involved several questionnaires. First, a face to face interview with one parent. Second, a face to face interview with the child. Then a self-completion interview for sensitive questions, with one version for 9-10 year olds and one version for 11-16 year olds.

Questionnaire for parent

Questionnaire for child

Self-completion questionnaire for child (Children age 9-10)

Self-completion questionnaire for child (Children age 11-16)

Publications

Baumgartner, S. E., Sumter, S. R., Peter, J., Valkenburg, P. M., & Livingstone, S. (2014). Does country context matter? Investigating the predictors of teen sexting across Europe. Computers in Human Behavior, 34, 157-164.

Vanden Abeele, M. M. P., Antheunis, M. L., & Schouten, A. P. (2014). Me, myself and
my mobile: A segmentation of youths based on their attitudes towards the mobile phone as a status instrument. Telematics and Informatics, 31, 194 – 208.

Sonck, N. and J. de Haan (2014). Safety by Literacy? Rethinking the role of digital skills in improving online safety. In: S. van der Hof, B. van den Berg en B. Schermer (eds.), Minding Minors Wandering the Web: Regulating Online Child Safety (pp. 89-104). Information Technology and Law Series, Volume 24. The Hague: Springer/Asser Press.

Notten, N. (2014). Taking risks on the World Wide Web. The impact of families and societies on adolescents’ risky online behavior. In: S. van der Hof, B. van den Berg en B. Schermer (eds.), Minding Minors Wandering the Web: Regulating Online Child Safety (pp. 105-123). Information Technology and Law Series, Volume 24. The Hague: Springer/Asser Press.

Notten, N. (2013). Risicogedrag en het wereldwijde web. De invloed van gezin en samenleving op het online risicogedrag van adolescenten vanuit een Europees perspectief (The impact of family and society on the online risk behaviour of adolescents , from a European perspective). Mens & Maatschappij, 88 (4): 350-375

Haan, J. de, S. van der Hof, W. Bekkers & R. Pijpers (2013). Self-regulation. In: B. O’Neill, E. Staksrud & S. McLaughlin. Towards a better Internet for Children. Policy pillars, player and paradoxes, pp.111-129. Goteborg: Nordicom

Helsper, E.J., V. Kalmus, U. Hasebrink, B. Sagvari & J. de Haan. (2013). Country Classification: Opportunities, Risks, Harm and Parental Mediation LSE, London: EU Kids Online.

Baumgartner, S. (2013). Adolescent sexual risk behavior on the internet. PhD Thesis. Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam.

De Haan, J. (2013). Online ongeluk. Risico’s voor kinderen op internet. In: P. Schnabel (ed.), Van pech en rampspoed; Nieuwjaarsuitgave van het Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau (Vol. 1, pp. 55-59). The Hague: the Netherlands Institute for Social Research | SCP.

Sonck, N., & de Haan, J. (2012). How digital skills mediate between online risk and harm. Journal of Children and Media (JOCAM) special issue, vol. 7(1), p. 79-95.

Sonck, N., Nikken, P. & de Haan, J. (2012). Determinants of internet mediation: a comparison of the reports by parents and children. Journal of Children and Media (JOCAM) special issue, vol. 7(1), p. 69-113.

De Haan, J. & Sonck, N. (2012). Digital skills in perspective: a critical reflection on research and policy. Media Studies, special issue on Critical insights in European media literacy research and policy, 3(6), 125-138.

Sonck, N., E. Kuiper en J. de Haan (2012). Digital skills in the context of media literacy. In: S. Livingstone, L. Haddon en A. Görzig (red.), Children, risk and safety online: Research and policy challenges in comparative perspective. Bristol: the Policy Press.

Sonck, N. en J. de Haan (2011). Kinderen en internetrisico's. EU Kids Online Onderzoek bij 9-16-jarige internetgebruikers in Nederland. Den Haag: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau. (see:http://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_2011/Kinderen_en_internetrisico_s)

Sonck, N., S. Livingstone, E. Kuiper en J. de Haan (2011). Digital literacy and safety skills (Short report). LSE, London: EU Kids Online.

Haan, J. de, E. Kuiper en R. Pijpers (2011). Young children and their digital skills in the Netherlands. International Journal of media and cultural politics, the commentaries section, Vol. 3, nr. 3, pp. 327-333.

Haan, J. de, E. Kuiper en R. Pijpers (2011). Digitale vaardigheden; van cruciaal belang. Het Jonge kind. Jg 38, nr. 10, pp.17-19.

Haan, J. de (2010). Massimizzare le opportunita e minimizarre i rischi di internet per i minori. In: Communicazioni sociali, nr 3. p. 333-343.

Haan, J. de (2010). NL kids online; nieuwe mogelijkheden en risico’s van internetgebruik door jongeren. Den Haag: Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau.

Haan, J. de & R. Pijpers (red.) (2010). Contact! Kinderen en nieuwe media. Houten: Bohn Stafleu Van Loghum.

Haan, J. de (2010). Late on the curve; causes and consequences of differences in digital skills. In: E. Ferro, Y.Kumar Dwivedi, J. Ramon Gil-Garcia & M.D. Williams (red.), Handbook of research on overcoming digital divides: Constructing an equitable and competitive information society (p. 292-308). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.

Haan, J. de & S. Livingstone (2009). EU Kids online: Policy and research recommendations. London: EU Kids Online.

Haan, J. de (2009). Maximising opportunities and minimising risks for children online. In: S. Livingstone en L. Haddon (red.), Kids Online; opportunities and risks for children (p.187-198). Bristol: Polity Press.

Presentations

Sonck, N. (2013). EU Kids Online; European research network about children's use, risk and safety online. Conference Cyberbullying? Dislike! Leiden, 19-20 September 2013. Leiden (the Netherlands): Leids Volkshuis.

Notten, N and Nikken, P. (2013). Boys and girls taking risks online. A gendered perspective on families, societies and adolescents’ risky online behavior. Presentation at IRSCL Conference, August 10-14, Maastricht, the Netherlands

Baumgartner, S. E., Sumter, S. R., Peter, J., Valkenburg, P., & Livingstone, S. (2013, June). Does country context matter? Investigating the Predictors of Teen Sexting Across Europe. Paper presented at the annual conference of the International Communication Association (ICA), London, UK.

De Haan, J., Nikken, P. & Sonck, N. (2013). Explaining international differences in parental mediation of children’s internet use. Presentation at Youth 2.0 Conference, March 20-22, Antwerp, Belgium.

Notten, N. (2013).Is the Worldwide Web a World Wide Concern? The impact of families and societies on adolescents' risky online behavior. Presentation at Youth 2.0 Conference, March 20-22, Antwerp, Belgium.

Baumgartner, S. E., Sumter, S. R., Peter, J., Valkenburg, P., & Livingstone, S. (2013, February). Investigating the Predictors of Teen Sexting Across Europe. Paper presented at the Etmaal van de Communicatiewetenschap, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Van der Hof, S. (2013). Digitale kinderrechten: balanceren tussen autonomie en bescherming (Digital child rights: balancing between autonomy and protection). Inaugural oration. Leiden: University of Leiden

Notten, N. (2013). “Zijn mediamakers wel goed wijs?” (“Do Media Developers Know What They Are Doing?” Speaker at a seminar initiated by Mediawijzer.net, an organization for media literacy. Media Park Jaar Congres.

Sonck, N., P. Nikken & J. de Haan (2011). Determinants of internet mediation: a comparison of the reports by parents and children. Paper presented at EU Kids Online Conference, 22-24 September in London.

Sonck, N. & J. de Haan (2011). How internet skills of 11-16 year olds influence online risk & harm. Paper presented at Cyberspace 2011 Conference, 24-25 November in Brno, Czech Republic.

Sonck, N. & de Haan, J. (2011). Kinderen en internetrisico’s. Expertmeeting SCP & RMO, 4 November 2011, The Hague: the Netherlands Institute for Social Research / Council for Social Development.

Team

Jos de Haan

Jos de Haan is a senior researcher at the Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP) and Professor of ICT, Culture and Knowledge Society at Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR). Areas of expertise: digital skills, e-culture, youth, sociology, new media.

Annemarie Wennekers

Annemarie Wennekers is a researcher at the Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP), where she studies the role of media and technology in society. Annemarie has a background in social psychology (MSc./Ph.D.) and communication science (persuasive communication).

Marjolijn Antheunis

Prof Dr Marjolijn Antheunis is a Full Professor of Communication and Technology at the Tilburg center for Cognition and Communication, Tilburg University, the Netherlands. Her research interests focus on social aspects of new technologies, such as the impact of social media on adolescents' social well-being. 

Susanne Baumgartner

Susanne Baumgartner is Assistant Professor at the Amsterdam School of Communication Research, ASCoR, at the University of Amsterdam. As a member of the Center for Research on Children, Adolescents, and the Media, she investigates the role of new media in adolescent development (www.ccam-ascor.nl).

Simone van der Hof

Simone van der Hof is full Professor of Law and Digital Technologies, Chair of the Center for Law and Digital Technologies (eLaw) and Academic Director of the Advanced Master in Law and Digital Technologies at Leiden University. Her research interests are in children’s rights and digital technologies with a particular focus on privacy, data protection and online sexual abuse.

Peter Nikken

Peter Nikken is Professor of Media, Children and Parents at Erasmus University Rotterdam, lector at Windesheim university and advisor at the Netherlands Youth Institute. His research focuses on the intermediate role of parents and professional educators on children's media use. He has published popular and academic reports on children and media, and is a consultant for several organizations, including NICAM/Kijkwijzer and the Dutch Media Authority (CvdM).

Natascha Notten

Natascha Notten works as an Associate Professor at Radboud University, Nijmegen. Her research interests include social stratification in various domains (e.g. media use, cultural consumption, health and educational inequalities), and more specifically, causes and consequences of parental media socialisation. She has published her research in several international and Dutch journals. 

Marc Verboord

Marc Verboord is Associate Professor in the Department of Media and Communication at Erasmus University Rotterdam. His research focuses on cultural consumption patterns, cultural socialisation, classification of cultural products, media use, and the Internet's impact on the social valuation of cultural products.  

Impact

Jos de Haan, in collaboration with Nathalie Sonck, observed that more digital skills coincide with more exposure to online risks among youngsters. Consequently, they suggested that it is important to rethink the relationship between skills and risk, as well as what this means for policy about online safety. 

Contact

Jos de Haan
The Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP)
P.O. Box 16164
2500 BD Den Haag
The Netherlands
tel: +31 6 1158 5137
email:  j.dehaan@scp.nl