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LSE Health and Social Care Formal Seminar Series

Forthcoming Seminars

Check back later for more forthcoming seminars. 


Past Seminars

Do variations in emergency admission rates explain variations in hospital mortality?"

Date: Wednesday 26 April 2017
Time: 12:45-13:45
Venue:
Alumni Theatre, New Academic Building, LSE
Speaker: Professor Matthew Sutton (Manchester)


Designing financial incentives for weight loss: the role of behavioural economics and preference elicitation

Date: Wednesday 10 May 2017
Time: 12:45-13:45
Venue: Alumni Theatre, New Academic Building, LSE
Speaker: Professor Marjon van der Pol (Aberdeen)


Date:
Tuesday 24 January 2017
Time: 12:45-13:45
Venue: TW2.9.04 Speaker: Professor Peter Smith (Imperial College London) 

2016


Inequality of opportunity in health: a decomposition approach

Date: Friday 7 October 2016
Time: 12:45-13:45
Venue: TW2.9.04
Speaker: Professor Andrew M Jones (University of York) 


Advances in health economic evaluation methods in the absence of random allocation

Date: Thursday 29 September 2016
Time: 12:45-13:45
Venue: OLD 4.10 
Speaker: Professor Richard Grieve (LSHTM)

View event slides (PDF)

View video of seminar on YouTube 


Developing Better Medicines at Lower Costs and Prices: The Good Pharma Model

Date: Monday 16 May 2016
Time: 12:30 - 14:00
Venue: London School of Economics (exact venue TBC)
Speaker: Professor Donald Light (Rowan University School of Osteopathic Medicine)

Medical and economic sociologist Professor Donald Light visits the LSE to speak about cost effective medicine development - the Good Pharma Model. 

Professor Light will be joined by Professor Elias Mossialos who will Chair the event and Professor Alistair McGuire who will give a response to Professor Light's presentation.  


School for Social Care Research Annual Conference 2016

Date: Tuesday 12 April 2016 Time: 9:45 - 16:30 Venue: London School of Economics (exact venue TBC) Speakers: Dame Sally Davies (Chief Medical Officer, UK), Dr Josh Wiener (RTI International), Professor Geraldine McDonald (University of Bristol), Professor Jon Glasby (University of Birmingham).

SSCR's Annual Conference will bring together researchers, policy-makers, managers, commissioners, providers, people who use services, carers and practitioners, among others and provide an opportunity to hear about our commissioned studies and implications for adult social care practice.


A 5 Year NIHR Programme of Applied Research into Transition of Young People with Long-term Conditions
Date: Monday 22 February 2016
Time: 12:30 - 13:30
Venue: London School of Economics (room TBC)
Speaker: Professor Allan Colver (Newcastle University)

Professor Allan Colver, Newcastle University, will present on an NIHR-funded study which asks how health services can contribute most effectively to facilitating successful transition of young people with complex health needs from childhood to adulthood. The seminar will cover the following aspects:

  • New knowledge about the adolescent brain
  • Why transition of young people with long-term conditions needs to improve
  • An outline of the NIHR-funded Research Programme
  • Some thoughts about running and managing a complex 5 year Programme Grant
  • Some early findings. 

2015


Improving outcomes following hospital discharge: An RCT examining two patient-centered intervention models for acute stroke patients
Date:
Thursday 10 December 2015
Time:  12:30 - 13:30
Venue:  Tower 2 9.04
Speaker:  Professor Paul Freddolino (PSSRU visiting professor/Michigan State University)

Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the US and in the UK, and the second leading cause of death worldwide. Almost 1 million acute stroke patients are discharged from U.S. hospitals every year, with the majority returning home. For many stroke patients and caregivers, navigating the transition between hospital discharge and home is associated with substantial psychosocial and health-related challenges. Complex transitions are characterized by hospital readmissions, slow recovery, poor quality of life, unmet informational needs, dissatisfaction with care, and high caregiver burden.

Social workers play a vital role in healthcare systems by providing advocacy, counseling, and coordination of services. Home visits conducted by social workers provide valuable information about the complex social and medical needs of patients in the environment in which they actually live, resulting in greater opportunities to improve their transitional care experience. Thus one intervention aims to improve the transition experience of stroke patients and caregivers through the development of a patient and caregiver-centered social work case management program.

This seminar discusses a study to test the efficacy of two complementary interventions using a pragmatic, open, randomized clinical trial of 480 acute stroke patients discharged from 4 Michigan hospitals: the personalized case management program (delivered by Social Work Bridge Coordinators) mentioned above which will reduce patient and caregiver needs, improve quality of life, and decrease caregiver burden; and a patient-centered online communication, information and support resource - termed a Virtual Stroke Support Portal (VSSP) - developed through a comprehensive assessment of the information needs of the stroke patient and caregiver stakeholders within the study. The project is now in its second year and is about to begin the pilot phase of the interventions. The presentation includes an overview of the intended sample (inclusion and exclusion criteria), measures, methods and results of the preliminary study of patient and caregiver information needs, and content of the Virtual Stroke Support Portal. Plans for the remainder of the project were also described.

View event slides

View video of seminar on YouTube 


Growing Older Without Feeling Old

Date: Monday 16 November 2015
Time: 12:30 - 13:30 (lunch from 12:00)
Venue: NAB 1.04 (lunch will be in NAB 1.07)
Speaker: Rudi Westendorp, Professor of Old-Age Medicine at the University of Copenhagen and author of the forthcoming book Growing Older Without Feeling Old

“His book explores key issues arising from our increasing lifespans, and helps to answer some of the burning questions of out time, such as; What do longer life spans mean for the way we organise our societies? How can people best prepare themselves for living considerably longer? Does it help to eat less, or to take hormones, vitamins, or minerals? And what can we learn from old people who remain full of vitality, despite illness and infirmity?” 


Care Trajectories for Newly Admitted Skilled Nursing Facility Patients
Date:
Thursday 4 June 2015
Time: 12:00 - 13:00
Venue: Wolfson Theatre, NAB LG.01, New Academic Building, LSE
Speaker: Professor Edward Norton

Although it is well established that larger skilled nursing facilities have lower per-patient costs due to economies of scale, it is not known if they also achieve higher quality outcomes.  Knowing this would be important both for patients choosing high quality nursing homes, and for regulators who use certificate-of-need (CON) regulations to limit the number of nursing facilities, indirectly resulting in larger nursing homes in states with CON regulations (by 20 beds, on average).  Because unobserved characteristics may be correlated with both an individual’s choice of a large nursing home and the quality of that nursing home care, we control for endogeneity of number of beds. We apply a novel instrument by exploiting the average size of SNFs selected by previous patients from the originating hospital. With this instrument, we mimic randomization of residents into more or less "exposure" to larger nursing homes when estimating the effects of size on the quality of care for the post-acute nursing home population.  Using national Minimum Data Set assessments linked with Medicare claims, we use a national cohort of residents who were newly admitted to nursing homes in 2009. The instrumental variables analyses examine the effect of facility size on competing risk-adjusted, person-level short-stay measures of quality over the 180 days following admission.  After instrumenting for facility size, we found that size is unrelated to mortality.

Professor Norton is a leading expert on long-term care and has significant research experience in this field. Professor Norton joined the University of Michigan in 2008 as Professor in both the SPH Department of Health Management and Policy and in the Department of Economics. He is the Director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Scholars in Health Policy Research at the University of Michigan, and a Research Affiliate of the Population Studies Center. In addition to his affiliations with the University of Michigan, Edward is a Research Associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research in the Health Economics Program. 


International perspectives on integration and care coordination
Date:
Friday 20 March 2015
Time: 12:30 - 13:30
Venue:  32L LG.04
Speaker: Ellen Nolte, European Observatory of Health Systems and Policy, LSE

The rising burden of chronic illness, in particular the rapid increase in the number of people with multiple health problems, is a challenge to health systems globally. Associated premature mortality and reduced physical functioning, along with higher use of health services and related costs, are among the key concerns faced by policy-makers and practitioners.

There is a clear need to redesign delivery systems in order to better meet the needs created by chronic conditions, moving from the traditional, acute and episodic model of care to one that better coordinates professionals and institutions and actively engages service users and their carers. Many countries have begun this process but it has been difficult to reach conclusions about the best approach to take: care models are highly context-dependent and scientifically rigorous evaluations have been lacking. 

This seminar explores some of the key issues, ranging from interpreting the evidence base to assessing the policy context for, and approaches to, chronic disease management across Europe. Drawing on a study of chronic disease management in Europe, the presentation provides insights into the range of care models and the people involved in delivering these; payment mechanisms and service user access; and challenges faced by countries in the implementation and evaluation of these novel approaches.

View video of seminar on YouTube


The importance of perinatal mental health for child development; the individual, social and economic costs
Date: Wednesday 18 February 2015
Time:  12:30 - 13:30
Venue:  TW2 2.04
Speaker: Vivette Glover, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London

Mental health is the most neglected aspect of maternity care. This is important both for the mother herself and for the development of her foetus and her child. Anxiety and depression are as common during pregnancy as postnatally, and can have long lasting effects on foetal development, by foetal programming.  There is an increased risk of a wide range of emotional, behavioural and cognitive problems in the child. Some of these are risk factors in turn for late criminal behaviour.  If the mother is in the top 15% of the population for symptoms of antenatal anxiety or depression, this doubles the risk of her child having a probable mental disorder at the age of 13 years, after allowing for a wide range of confounders including postnatal maternal mood and parenting style. Most children are not affected and those that are can be affected in different ways.  This depends, at least in part, on the particular genetic vulnerabilities of each child, and the quality of the postnatal care. 

We are starting to understand some of the biological mechanisms that underlie foetal programming. The function of the placenta, for example, changes in response to maternal anxiety and depression, allowing more of the stress hormone cortisol to pass through; this in turn changes the development of the foetal brain. Possible evolutionary explanations for this will be discussed.  The recent LSE report “The costs of perinatal mental health problems” has estimated that perinatal mental health per year’s births in the UK costs a total of £8.1 billion. Over two thirds of this is because of long term effects on the child. Improving the quality of perinatal mental health care would considerably reduce costs to the public sector as well as improving the health of the next generation.

View video of seminar on YouTube  


Avoidable harm, unwarranted variation and diffusion in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction
Date:
Wednesday 4 February 2015
Time:  12:30 - 13:30
Venue:  TW2 2.04
Speaker: Duncan McPherson, Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust and University College London 

There is geographic variation within England in the ability of people suffering a heart attack to access the best treatment for that heart attack. The extent and nature of this variation is described, including the definition of a new health geography based on catchment areas for hospital treatments. This variation leads to variation in the probability of survival based on unwarranted geographic factors which is also described. During the last twenty five years' use of a new treatment, primary angioplasty for heart attack has been spreading throughout England. This means that to understand the variation, it is necessary to take account of temporal as well as geographic variation. Complex bayesian spatio-temporal models describe the factors relevant in determining access to treatment. It is suggested that this is an example of a more general process of variation in the propensity of parts of the healthcare system to adopt innovations and that this variation is driven by social networks rather than central policy.   


Global Mental Health
Date:
Wednesday 21 January 2015
Time: 13:30 - 14:45
Venue: EAS E3.04, LSE
Speaker: Professor Graham Thornicraft, King's College London.

This formal seminar heard from Graham Thornicroft, Professor of Community Psychiatry, and Head of the multi-disciplinary Health Service and Population Research Department at the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College London.

Professor Thornicroft is a Consultant Psychiatrist and is Director of Research and Development at the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust. His areas of research expertise include: stigma and discrimination, mental health needs assessment, the development of outcome scales, cost effectiveness evaluation of mental health treatments, and mental health services in less economically developed countries. He has authored and co-authored 26 books and over 265 papers in peer reviewed journals.

View video of seminar on YouTube 

2014


Understanding the pricing dynamics in the US health care industry
Date:
Friday 12 December 2014
Time: 12:30 - 13:45
Venue: CLM 4.02, Clement House, LSE
Speaker: Dr Zack Cooper

Understanding the Pricing Dynamics in the US Health Care Industry: Evidence using Claims Data from Three Large Commercial Insurers

This formal seminar heard from Dr Zack Cooper, Assistant Professor of Public Health (Health Policy) and Economics at Yale University, and Resident Fellow at the School's Institution for Social and Political Studies (ISPS) where he serves as Director of the Health Policy Initiative.  

Despite being one of the largest sectors of the economy, we have severely limited information about the prices that health care providers charge individuals and private insurers for their services. For decades, these prices have been treated as commercially sensitive and have been largely unavailable to researchers. As a result, we have a limited understanding of key health care pricing dynamics including the growth and variation in providers' prices within the US. This knowledge gap is a hindrance to policy-makers and limits our collective ability to introduce effective public policy. In this seminar, Dr Cooper discussed the variation within and across markets in the US and analyse the factors that are driving this variation. 


What happened to the world's first NHS? Questions about New Zealand’s health system at its 75th anniversary
Date:
Friday 31 October 2014
Time: 12:30 - 13:45 
Venue: 32L LG.04 (32 Lincoln's Inn, LSE)
Speaker: Professor Robin Gauld

This formal seminar heard from Robin Gauld, Professor of Health Policy in the Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, and Director of the Centre for Health Systems, Dunedin School of Medicine at the University of Otago. He is a Senior Fellow at the Boston University Health Policy Institute, and was a Commonwealth Fund Harkness Fellow in 2008-09, working with colleagues from Boston University and Harvard University. Past positions include lecturing and research posts at the University of Hong Kong and City University of Hong Kong, and teaching at the University of Texas and Harvard University.

Current research interests include: comparative health policy, health system and quality improvement, clinical governance, primary care, population based health funding formulas, and health information technology.

Robin has authored over 85 peer-reviewed journal articles and several books and chapters. His book The New Health Policy (Open University Press, 2009) was awarded first prize in the Health and Social Care category at the 2010 British Medical Association Medical Book Awards. Other recent books include Revolving Doors: New Zealand's Health Reforms - the Continuing Saga (Institute of Policy Studies and Health Services Research Centre, 2009), The Age of Supported Independence co-authored with Beatrice Hale and Patrick Barrett (Springer, 2010), Health Care Systems in Asia and Europe co-edited with Christian Aspalter and Uchida Yasuo (Routledge, 2011), and Democratic Governance in Health, co-authored with Miriam Laugesen (Otago University Press, 2012).

Robin has a PhD in public administration from the University of Hong Kong, and a master's degree with distinction and first class honours from Victoria University of Wellington. 


Rethinking Long-Term Care

Date: 12 May 2014
Time: 12:30 - 13:30
Speaker: Professor Robert Kane, Professor Rosalie Kane

Abstract: Professor Robert Kane’s research deals with the health and long-term care of older persons; the relationship between acute and chronic care; and quality of care. His recent books deal with health care outcomes, geriatrics, chronic care provision, and the failure of the health care system. He directs the Center on Aging, the Clinical Outcomes Research Center, the Minnesota Area Geriatric Education Center, and an AHRQ-funded Evidence-based Practice Center. His current research examines long-term care provision, hospital care outcomes, and assessing quality of care. He teaches courses on health policy and quality of care.

Professor Rosalie Kane received her doctorate from the University of Utah. Her current research addresses the quality of nursing home care and homecare, services allocation, evaluation of residential models that serve disabled elderly people, specialized programs for Alzheimer’s disease, and studies of family caregivers of disabled elderly. Professor Kane serves on numerous editorial boards and holds appointments in the School of Social Work and the Center for Biomedical Ethics.

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