The Library has a large official publication collection relating to India. The collection has three parts: government publications, statistics and the census. For information on the the Indian statistical holdings of the Library please refer to the Statistics page.
Government publications includes reports and parliamentary proceedings.
Materials are arranged in a numerical sequence. The numbers occasionally have letters after them which indicate a particular country or region within a country. Indian material is shelved at number 54.
The Library holds extensive print publicaitons relating to India. Recently the Indian government has started to make some documents available online. You can find some good starting points for finding this information below.
The Library has good historical collections with the Imperial Gazeteer going back to 1885. There are many items from the early twentieth century relating to a wide range of subjects including the civil service, famine relief, the penal code and the railways. In the older governmental journal titles there are a lot of economic titles like the India Trade Journal which dates from 1905. Acts and legislation are held here – some of which date back to 1834.
The Library has extensive holdings for the pre-1947 provinces. The collections for the provinces are not uniform but there are some common themes. There are codes for many, dating back to the late 19th century, detailing local laws and regulations. There is also a lot of literature on administration, for example Assam has both the "Assam administration" and the "Assam Administration Reports" from the 1870s. There are reports from all the provinces from the late nineteenth century onwards on a range of subjects but particular focus is laid on sanitation, trade and justice, for example "Sanitary Report"s from the Central Provinces and "Criminal and Civil Justice" from Bombay. There are also extensive records relating to excise and revenue, and import and export taxes, again from the late nineteenth century in some provinces.
More recently the Library holds publications on 5 year plans, general elections and reports on a variety of topics from urban poverty to power plants.
All these are individually catalogued. They are available on the Lower Ground floor in the government publications section under the country number 54.
In recent years many Indian government documents have also been published in full text on the Internet. Here are some good starting points for tracing these.
The Press Information Bureau has the latest official press releases and statements from the Indian Government. It includes links to recent document and statistics.
The National Portal of India provides similar information designed for the Indian public. It includes news, as well as links to forms, fact sheets and key departmental websites.
The Government of India also has a central web directory with links to all departments and ministries.
The Library holds the Indian Census from 1901 through to 2001, with the exception of 1941. The publications become more detailed as time progresses. From the 2001 census the Library has tables covering economics, migration, general population, socio-cultural statistics, houses and households, district profiles and scheduled castes some divided by area. The censuses are shelved in the Statistics Collection at 54 (HA161). The most recent censuses are shelved on the first floor and from 1981 backwards they are shelved on the lower ground floor in the Historical Statistics section.
The official census website maintained by the Indian Government also provides some free access to news and data from the 2011 census, as well as a library of some archived materials. These include selections from earlier censuses. Note that these are not currently complete.