Understanding Results

Final Classification

BA/BSc

BA/BSc students are awarded First Class Honours (1st), an Upper Second Class Honours (2A), a Lower Second Class Honours (2B), a Third Class Honours (3rd) or a Pass degree depending on their individual course results. The classification is based on nine 'classification marks' comprising of the eight marks achieved in all second and third year papers and the ninth mark being your 'year one average' mark.  You will also have an aggregate mark which is the sum of all nine 'classification marks'. Details are available from the Undergraduate Classification Scheme| website. 

Your 'year one average' is calculated by adding together and averaging the best three full unit marks achieved in your first year of study.  The resulting average will be rounded to the nearest whole mark.  If you have taken any half unit courses, then the results in these courses are added together and averaged first to give you four full units, from which your best three marks are then averaged.

NB A 'year one average' is not calculated for LLB students as results in the first year of study do not count towards the final classification.

LLB

The LLB classification is based on the eight marks achieved in all second and third year papers. You will also have an aggregate mark which is the sum of all eight 'classification marks'. Details are available from the LLB Classification Scheme| website.

Diploma

Diploma students normally take courses to the equivalent of four full units as part of their degree.  The marks in all four units are used in the calculation of your classification.  Details are available from the Diploma Classification Scheme| website.

Taught Masters

Masters students are awarded a Pass with Distinction,  Pass with Merit, or a Pass degree depending on their individual course results.  Normally Masters students take courses to the equivalent of four full units as part of their degree and the marks in all four units are used in the calculation of your classification.  Details of the various classification schemes are available from the Taught Masters Course and Programme Information| website.  In addition to the School's MSc classification rules, individual Sub-Boards of Examiners can establish 'local rules' for students whose results profiles fall into the discretionary classification profiles at 5.3.2 and 5.3.4 of the Scheme.  A list of all of the local rules is available in the School Calendar|.

Re-taking Courses

Under the School regulations, a student is not allowed to be re-examined in any course which he/she has already passed.

The only exemption to this regulation is for LLB students who shall normally resit all papers taken in that year if they fail two or more units, or receive a Bad Fail mark in one or more papers.

In addition to the guidance below, further information on retaking a failed course is available on the Re-entry| web pages.

Undergraduate - Eligibility of Award 

Undergraduates are eligible for the award of a degree if they have no more than three unredeemed fails across all 12 papers.  If you are a second-year direct entry candidate, you will be eligible for the award of a degree if you have no more than one unredeemed fail across all 8 papers. 

Penalty rules apply if you have failed more than one unit.  Please see the Classification scheme for the BA/BSc degrees for students entering in or after the academic year 2007/08| for further information.

Undergraduate - Progression to the next year of study

For first & second year BA/BSc students only: 

If students have failed one full unit or less, then they will automatically progress into the next year of study. The failed paper will need to be re-taken the following summer, alongside the next year's examinations. This is providing all attempts at the exam have not been exhausted. Please see the School Calendar| for information regarding how many attempts students have to pass exams.

If you have failed more than one full unit, then you cannot normally progress into your next year of study.  Students will be contacted by the Repeat Teaching Panel in late July with re-entry and progression instructions.  Please contact them directly with any progression queries, ssc.repeatteaching@lse.ac.uk|.

Taught Masters - Eligibility of Award

Taught Master students are eligible for the award of a degree if they have failed (but not Bad Failed) a course of 0.5 unit value.

If you have failed (but not Bad Failed) in a course(s) to the value of 1.0 unit, you will be required to resit unless the fail can be compensated either:

  • by a mark of at least 60% in: a) one full unit course; or b) each of two half unit courses; or
  • by a compensation aggregate mark of 165 in the non-failed courses.

If compensated by either of the above options, then a fail will automatically result in a drop in the overall award classification given to you (e.g. if you would otherwise have been eligible for a Merit, then your overall classification would drop to a Pass degree.)

Please note that some degree programmes have courses which are deemed to be critical to assessment. A fail in these courses cannot be compensated and no award will be made until they have been passed. To find out if your degree programme has courses that are critical to assessment, please see your department's local rules|.

If you have not been successful in obtaining your degree, then you will be entitled to resit any failed courses on one occasion only.  If, following resits, you have still not been successful in obtaining your degree, then your classification will state 'No Award Made'.  Unfortunately, this means that you have failed to be awarded a degree from the LSE. 

General Course

The School only publishes letter grades for General Course students on LFY and on transcripts; however, shortly after the publication of results, we will email all General Course students their numerial marks.

Academic Support

If you would like to discuss your results, you should talk to your Academic Adviser or Supervisor who may be able to offer you some guidance on how you performed in your examinations or assessed work.  Please contact them directly to make an appointment to see them.  Additionally, you may want to consult the Teaching and Learning Centre| who can offer advice and guidance on exam techniques and writing techniques.

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