Mentoring For Academic Staff Guidance 2014-2015
The School expects that all academic staff and particularly those in the early stages of their career at the School should receive constructive advice on career development from senior colleagues. In this context, the role of the mentor is considered to be important. The School has in place two approaches to structuring career development conversations between academics:
A Mentoring Scheme for LSE Fellows and pre-Major Review academic staff as well as, on their request, for post-Major Review staff.
An annual Academic Career Development Review Scheme for pre-Major Review staff, for any post-Major Review academic staff on their request as well as for post-Major Review staff whose performance appears to fall below expectations according to their respective role profiles. Full details of the Academic Career Development Review scheme can be found here.
Both schemes aim to give academic staff guidance on how to make effective use of their career within LSE both for their own development and their contribution to the School. There is separate provision for staff on research contracts for both mentoring and career development meetings, full details of which can be found here.
The Mentoring Scheme is distinct from the Academic Career Development Review Scheme. Mentors give informal and frequent advice and provide a listening ear throughout the year, whereas formal Academic Career Development Review Meetings take place annually and are normally conducted by the Head of Department. Importantly, the mentor cannot be the one holding the Academic Career Development Review Meeting.
To benefit from mentoring, mentees should be receptive to the advice and encouragement that the mentor can offer. Therefore the relationship must be a positive and trusting one.
Any matters discussed between the mentor and mentee should remain confidential unless by mutual agreement third parties are consulted. However, the mentee may, without reference to the mentor, consult with the Head of Department if s/he feels the relationship is not a productive one. In this case, the Head of Department will, if possible, endeavour to assign a different mentor. Equally important for the mentoring relationship to work, mentees must not place unrealistic expectations on their mentor and must not over-burden them with demands.
Who should have a mentor?
All LSE Fellows as well as pre-Major Review academic staff. On their request, post-Major Review staff can also be assigned a mentor.
Who should be a mentor?
The mentor will normally be a senior member of Academic Staff within the mentee's Department. Exceptionally a colleague from outside the Department may act as a mentor (for example if they are closest to the mentee’s research interests). The member of staff holding the annual Academic Career Development Review meeting with the mentee cannot be the mentor. Staff on any form of academic leave should not normally be appointed as mentors.
Note: Human Resources will contact Departments ahead of the Michaelmas term for names of mentors for eligible academic staff. Each Head of Department will supply a list of allocated mentors to Human Resources. Mentors for pre-Major Review academic staff are reported to the Promotions Committee at its first meeting of each session.
Frequency of meetings
All mentors are expected to arrange with new colleagues allocated to them dates and times for discussions throughout the year. For the first 2 years, meetings should normally be taking place at least once per term, after which they can take place as and when needed, although not less than once annually. However, given the informal nature of mentoring it is expected that the majority of mentoring may also well take place outside of specifically scheduled meetings.
The substance of the mentoring relationship
The role of the mentor is three-fold:
to assist the mentee in developing an understanding of the expectations placed upon them as academics within the Department and the School;
to provide a listening ear and informal guidance to the mentee, such that they can work out how to address any challenges they face in their work situation;
to act as an advocate for mentee (e.g. if their workload allocation appears over-extended, or if they face difficulties with other colleagues in the Department).
The matters which fall within the scope of mentoring will depend on the specific case. Not intended as prescriptive, such matters may include:
Research performance, with particular consideration of the individual's research trajectory, research achievement record, publication record and guidance on where to publish, contribution to the Research Excellence Framework, involvement in grant funding applications and engagement more broadly in the research community in the School, as well as in the discipline.
Teaching contribution, teaching quality and teaching innovation (be that curricular or teaching process innovation), and feedback from teaching surveys.
PhD supervision (note: pre-Major Review staff should not be expected to take on a primary supervisor role for research students, but should have the opportunity to develop their supervisory skills as second supervisor).
Research and teaching administrative arrangements and contributions.
Wider contribution to the academic life of the School, collegiality and citizenship.
Potential for contribution to the School’s external activities (e.g. Enterprise LSE, Summer School, international institutional links).
Training and development needs.
When the mentor is providing a listening ear/acting as advocate, possible issues that may arise could include:
Achieving appropriate balance between the different elements of the academic role.
Issues arising from writing, research approach, dealing with journals and publishers etc.
Reading and commenting on draft papers/chapters and offering guidance on publication outlets (mentees must be aware that mentors can only do so for a small number of writings).
Challenges from teaching.
Upset arising from and ideas on constructive response to challenging feedback from students, colleagues or reviewers.
Addressing issues related to diversity of all kinds with students and colleagues.
Managing administrative load.
Adapting to LSE and its environment.
In some cases, it may be appropriate for the mentor to advise a new colleague to discuss detailed matters with other colleagues in the Department and/or to contact colleagues elsewhere in the School.
To some extent, the mentor relationship has similarities to coaching. It is important that the relationship is kept professional. It is also important for both parties to ensure that they do not over-reach reasonable bounds in terms of professional expertise and for the mentor where necessary to seek guidance/advice from others (e.g. if concerned about the new staff member's health/well-being). Note that there is a staff counselling service, that all Departments have HR Partners from whom staff can seek advice should it be necessary (e.g. for guidance related to disability, flexible working, caring responsibilities), and that some Academic Staff are members of the Universities and Colleges Union (UCU). The TLC Director can also assist both/either mentor/mentee as appropriate (email: firstname.lastname@example.org).
What the mentor is NOT responsible for
The mentor is very much a ‘guide on the side’. It is not his/her role to ‘line manage’ the mentee, and the mentor is not responsible for the mentee’s career success within the School. In particular, mentors cannot make commitments to the mentee on behalf of the Department regarding the mentee’s likelihood of passing Interim or Major Review or the prospect of a successful promotion. Such advice must come from the Academic Career Development Review meeting and is ultimately a decision of the Promotions Committee. Equally, it is up to the mentee to decide what s/he does with any advice proffered.
The role of documentary materials in the mentoring relationship
There are no written requirements related to mentoring, or any necessity for the mentor or mentee to share documents. However, if both are agreeable and have time, there may be benefits from sharing:
Research papers (including reviewer feedback and how this is handled)
A brief email log of matters discussed.
Effective mentoring is about building a supportive relationship based on listening, mutual respect and trust. It requires skills and sensitivity on both sides. The mentor can build this relationship through:
Establishing initial expectations on both sides.
Being available at times agreed.
Being open to answering questions.
Drawing on experience and offering models – be it in research or teaching (e.g. encourage the new member of staff to come to observe you teach, see your materials, read your articles, share your reviewer feedback etc before asking to see theirs).
Being willing to question and challenge the mentee to reflect on their work.
Being willing to give both positive encouragement and critical constructive feedback.
Seeking/giving feedback on the mentoring relationship – and agreeing when this relationship comes to an end.
The mentee also needs to work at this relationship through:
Indicating what you expect from the mentoring relationship.
Being available at times agreed.
Coming with questions/ideas/things to explore and discuss.
Having ideas on objectives and ways forward.
Being ready to adapt – both yourself and the ideas you gain from your mentor.
Being willing to accept both positive encouragement and critical constructive feedback.
Giving/seeking feedback on the mentoring relationship – and agreeing when this relationship comes to an end.
If any mentor is interested in training in mentoring/coaching or if any mentee would like further ideas about how to make the best of the mentoring relationship, please contact the Teaching and Learning Centre in the first instance (email@example.com).
Provost and Deputy Director and VCAC