Home > Staff and students > News > Business Continuity


Veronique Mizgailo
Business Continuity
Governance, Legal & Policy Division
Tower 1, Room 6.01
London School of Economics
Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE

Tel: +44 (0) 207 107 5415

Business Continuity


Current business continuity news


The versions of both documents above supersede all previous versions and can be found by clicking the links.  If you have any questions, or would like a PDF or hard copy, please contact the Business Continuity Manager.  

IT MAINTENANCE - Sunday 2nd April 2017

Please note that IMT will be undertaking major power maintenance and so some IT services will be unavailable for the whole day. Affected services include but are not limited to the following:
-          H Space
-          Shared drives (deptshared, admin shared, P drive).

There may be short intermittent outages throughout the day which may affect: 
-          Email
-          Office 365 (including OneDrive for Business, Sharepoint etc)
-          Moodle
-          Campus WiFi 

In addition work on the network in specific buildings may result in periods of up to 20 minutes where the network and desk phones are not accessible. 


The industrial action currently being taken by Tube staff, Southern Trains and other transport providers will significantly disrupt travel for staff and students.  

Below are links to TFL and Southern news pages to help you make adequate arrangements for both yourself and those who will be affected.  The TFL page contains useful information on alternative modes of transport.



The 'Useful Links' section below also contains links to a number of transport sites and other information such as the LSE remote desktop information page.

As usual, the School’s position is that staff and students should make every effort to get in.  Please advise your staff and students to check before they travel, consider their transport options and possible alternative routes.    Any arrangements made with staff e.g. to work from home or take time in lieu, or any decision taken to allow staff to start later or go home earlier due to travel disruptions, will be a matter for local managerial discretion based on operational need.  When making a decision, local managers should bear in mind that the strikes may not affect everyone to the same extent.  Staff who do not attend for work, do not work from home, or have not agreed an arrangement of some kind with their line manager, will be expected to take leave to cover their absences.  

Should you have any teaching that is likely to be affected please do look at alternative arrangements.  Please also strongly encourage staff who have not already done so to install the remote desktop on their mobile devices so that if necessary they can work from home.  It is much easier to undertake this with the assistance of IMT than try to struggle through it at home without back up.   In addition staff may wish to look ahead over the next month or two and make contingency plans for any potential problems should industrial action continue.  Essential staff may also wish to explore an overnight stay by contacting vacations@lse.ac.uk


Guidance for Strike action 2016

UCU is taking strike action in response to the erosion of higher education staff salaries due to below inflation wage increases.  They are also advising staff to 'work to contract' after 25th May 2016 until the dispute is resolved. 

Departments and divisions are encouraged to manage their operational needs locally and colleagues who have further questions should consult their HR partners or the union’s website.  They may also consult the LSE Guidelines on Industrial Action.  It may be helpful to note the following main points:

  • The School expects staff who are not on strike to cross the picket line and attend work normally.  Any picket line at the LSE must, by law, behave peacefully and staff should not be intimidated;
  • Although not obliged to declare in advance their intention to take industrial action to their line managers or HR, the School encourages colleagues to do so.  Self declaration forms should be sent to HR after taking industrial action and if asked afterwards, staff who took industrial action should answer truthfully.  The self declaration form can be found here: Declaration of Participation in Industrial Action;
  • In line with current legislation the School will withhold salary from those who participate in the strike.  More information can be found on the HR webpage;
  • It is the responsibility of all Heads of Department and Heads of Service to record staff absence during industrial action.  Managers should notify their HR Partner if they know or suspect that an individual has withheld labour and has not ‘self-declared’;
  • Only in exceptional circumstances, should annual leave requests be agreed for days when industrial action is being taken. Similarly, employees should not work from home nor should any request for homeworking be granted that are generated after the declaration of strike action or partial performance.
  • The School reserves the right to request a doctor’s ‘Fit Note’ (at the employee’s expense) from any employee who reports absence to work due to sickness on any dates of industrial action

For more guidance please see the HR webpage or contact your HR partner.

Run, Hide, Tell

National Counter Terrorism policing has issued advice to the public on what to do in the rare event of a firearms or weapons attack.  You can find the PDF and youtube video here:    Run, Hide, Tell  (PDF and youtube video).  In addition the School will shortly be reissuing it's wallet sized 'what to do in an emergency' leaflet to all staff.   In the meantime you can find a PDF version here:   Guidance for staff - what to do in an emergency [PDF].

Links and useful information

Weather and travel

The School monitors the weather and travel for developments that may potentially disrupt normal working and, as necessary, issues information and advice to staff and students on this page.

Useful links

Travel and Weather:

LSE Systems' remote access:

Other information:

IT outages

Information and updates on interruptions to the continuity of IT services are posted on the IT News blog and on the homepage of the IMT website. You can also receive updates via Twitter by following @lseitnews.

In the event of a major incident being declared as a result of an interruption of IT Services, information and updates will also appear on this 'Business continuity' webpage.

Should staff or students be unable to gain access the IT facilities on campus it is still possible to connect to some IT services remotely via the Remote Desktop or VPN. Details of how to use to these services are available here.

Events in the area

The School subscribes to communitysafe, a public service which gives information and advice on events in Central London such as rallies, demonstrations, security incidents, accidents etc which may impact on the normal operation of businesses and organisations in the area .

Communitysafe bulletins are closely monitored for events which may impact on the operation of the School so that steps can be taken to help ensure the continuity and security of its work and activities. When appropriate, information and advice will be posted on this site.

What to do in an emergency incident

Staff and students are encouraged to familiarise themselves with the information in the new Z-fold leaflet What to do in an emergency incident, copies of which has been sent to all staff. See What to do in an emergency incident  [PDF]

New Major Incident Initial Response Plan (MIIRP)

The School last revised this plan in July 2015:  Major Incident Initial Response Plan

Influenza and communicable diseases

The School subscribes to and closely monitors the National Weekly Influenza Report issued by the Health Protection Agency. In the event of a marked upturn in influenza or other communicable diseases, advice and information for staff and students will be posted on this site following liaison with the LSE Health and Safety, local NHS services and other agencies as appropriate. The School does not pay for staff and students to have flu jabs, although services and departments may make local arrangements to do so.


Resources, information and further reading

This section contains further reading, external links, the MIIRP (Major Incident Recovery Plan for the School)  and a link to the proceedings of the Business Continuity Steering and Executive Working Groups.  The Documents section contains a list of internal LSE documents, including those that you might be asked to provide if you are submitting a grant.    

Submitting a Grant

Grants - submitting a grant?  You may be asked for the following documents: 

  • IT Disaster recovery plan
  • Alternative accommodation plan

Who's Who in Business Continuity at LSE

  • Andrew Webb - Acting School Secretary and Chair of the Business Continuity Steering Group.
  • Julian Robinson - Director of Estates and member of the Business Continuity Steering Group.
  • Nick Deyes - Director of Information Management and Technology and member of the Business Continuity Steering Group.
  • Robin Hoggard  -  Acting Director of Business Continuity, Deputy Secretary, Acting Director of the Governance, Legal and Pplicy Division, Director of Government Relations and Chair of the Business Continuity Executive Working Group.
  • Veronique Mizgailo - Business Continuity Manager, responsible for business continuity withing the School and Secretary to the Business Continuity Steering and Executive Working Groups. 

Business Continuity governance in LSE

Further reading:

  • BCI (Business Continuity Institute)
  • Business continuity standards
    • BS25999-2 is the British Standard for business continuity released in 2007.  This link contains outline information on the standard.
    • ISO2230 is the latest standard, released at the end of 2012.  This link contains outline information on the standard.
  • The Concept and Context of Business Continuity - a paper by Phil Wood of Bucks New University and reproduced here with his kind permission.
  • London Risk Register - this link will take you to the London Community Risk Register site.   There is a link at the bottom of the page to download a full copy.
  • National Risk Register - this link will take you to the National Risk Register of Civil Emergencies2013  published by the Cabinet Office. 
  • Institute of Risk Management - this link will take you to the Institute's home page where you will be able to access a number of their publications. 
  • UK Civil Protection Lexicon - a collection of  emergency management terms produced by the UK Cabinet Office. 
  • Local Authority Emergency Major Incident Plans - this is a gov.uk site which allows you to search for local authorities' emergency plans by post code.  
  • www.praxiom.com - provides a library of information in 'plain English' centred around the ISO standards, including the ISO22301 issued in 2012.

  Proceedings of the Business Continuity Steering Group and Executive Working Group

Below you will find links to the minutes from the Business Continuity Steering Group and the Business Continuity Executive Group.     Please click on the link to be taken to the relevant meeting pages.  Due to the sensitive nature of some of the contents, these pages are passworded and accessible to LSE staff only. 

BUSINESS CONTINUITY STEERING GROUP  - passworded webpage restricted to the Group's members only, containing links to minutes etc.

This Group has overall responsibility for business continuity within the School.

BUSINESS CONTINUITY EXECUTIVE WORKING GROUP - passworded webpage restricted to LSE staff only, containing  links to minutes and membership.  

This Group was created to assure accountability for business continuity at local management level. 

Departmental and divisional Business Continuity Plans

If you are an LSE business continuity rep and would like to contribute a copy of your business continuity plan for your colleagues to see, please send it to Veronique Mizgailo.  If enough are received, a separate page will be set up for the plans submitted.  The benefits of such a page would include facilitating greater awareness of inter dependencies between departments and divisions and providing examples of good practice that colleagues might wish to duplicate.   Due to the confidential nature of these plans,  any such page would be restricted by password and accessible to LSE staff only.  

If you are looking for a blank template for a business continuity plan, please go to 'Templates' in the Documents tab of this page. 




This section attempts to collate links to documents that might be useful, informative, or relevant to business continuity within LSE.   It includes the School's IT disaster recovery plan, its major incident recovery plans, what documents you might need to provide if you are submitting a grant, and the Fieldwork Policy amongst others.  If you are looking for something but cannot find it here, then please let us know.    

Academic unit responsibilities - during a major incident:  PDF file

Alternative Accommodation Plan

Battle bag:  standard contents

Business Continuity at the LSE - PDF File.  A quick introduction (taken from the new staff induction programme)

Business Continuity governance:  PDF file 

Business Continuity Compliance Cycle at the LSE:  PDF file

Business Continuity Planning - things to consider:  PDF file

LSE Business Continuity policy:  web link

LSE Business Critical Calendars:  web link (restricted access for staff only) containing the calendar of critical events for 2016 and a link to the 2016 committees' list.

LSE Communicable diseases response plan:  PDF file

Communicable Diseases Policy - Residences

Data protection at the LSE - web link

Data Management - see 'Records management'  in this section.

Fieldwork policy - web link.  See 'off campus activities' section of  LSE Health & Safety webpage

Grants - submitting a grant?  You may be asked for the following documents: 

  • IT Disaster recovery plan
  • Alternative accommodation plan

 Health and Safety at the LSE - web link

Information Security policies and guidelines - web link.  For use of IT based data

 IT Disaster Recovery Plan

Lessons Learnt report:  see 'Templates' in this section

Major Incident Initial Recovery Plan - PDF file.  MIIRP

Overview of BCM in LSE:  PDF file.  A presentation on how LSE has been implementing Business Continuity, by Director of Business Continuity, 2012

Pandemic policy:  PDF file

Policies and procedures - web links to other LSE policies and procedures

Records management in the LSE -  web link.  guidance on storage of data, both hard copy and electronic and the LSE Records Management Policy.

School committees calendar - web link.  Meetings and committees

Severe weather and disruption to transport plan:  PDF file

What to do in an emergency - staff guidance (PDF)

Templates and blank forms:  The templates below are intended as guidance and are not prescriptive.  You can alter any of these forms to suit your own area's needs, or take out only the elements that you need.    If you have a template you wish to submit for consideration please send it to Veronique Mizgailo


Frequently Asked Questions 

If you have any questions that are not covered here in the FAQs or elsewhere on this web page, please contact  Veronique Mizgailo for further information.  


1  What is business continuity?

The Business Continuity Institute defines business continuity as follows:

“The strategic and technical capability of an organisation to plan for and respond to incidents and business disruptions in order to continue business operations at an acceptable predefined level.”

It further defines Business Continuity Management as:

“A holistic management process that identifies potential threats to an organisation and impacts to business operations that those threats – if realised – might cause, and which provides a framework for building organisational resilience with the capability for an effective response that safeguards the interests of its key stakeholders, reputation, brand and value-creating activities.”



There is a tendency to see business continuity as a ‘dark art’ but in fact you probably already do it without even realising it most of the time. In very simple terms, we cannot plan for every single possible incident, so we identify the possible consequences (e.g. you cannot access teaching rooms for whatever reason) and make sure there is a plan to deal with that eventuality.  


The idea is to try and make sure that the disruption caused by an incident is kept to a minimum and everyone knows what they need to do, or who they need to contact. This can be anything from having someone hold a spare key to the office to having a plan for re-routing staff and students should your building become uninhabitable for any reason, or knowing what to do during a School wide emergency.    


The overall aim is to make sure that the School's critical business activities can be maintained or recovered quickly. 


There is sometimes confusion between incident management or disaster recovery and business continuity.  The main distinction is that the first two deal with a specific event that can't always be planned for (e.g. activists have taken over your teaching room and barricaded themselves in), whilst business continuity deals with the consequences of an event (e.g. you have a plan for the provision of an alternative teaching room), and so it takes a much broader approach. 


For a brief introduction to business continuity at the School, you can click on the SLIDE  that features in the LSE Induction for new staff. 


2  Why should we care about business continuity?

What would you do if your department lost all its exam scripts? Of if there was a School wide power cut, or a flood from the toilets upstairs, that shut down your teaching rooms or your offices?  How about if staff couldn’t get in due to severe weather conditions or a large scale failure of the tube system?  What would you do if the School email went down for a few days, or if Moodle went down and students didn’t know whether they had successfully submitted their dissertations in time? What if your laptop, with the only copy of some highly sensitive data or research on it, was stolen or lost?  Who would you need to speak to and how would you contact them? Who else would be affected? How would you let them know? 


Business continuity planning means everyone knows what to do - or who to contact - if there is a problem that affects your department or division, your colleagues and the students. 


A good plan safeguards you, your department, your colleagues, the School and in some instances, just as importantly, our reputations. It means that you have something in place to make sure that the critical work you need to deliver for the School and for your area is not irretrievably disrupted. 


In addition, Business continuity is a responsibility that is devolved to heads of departments and divisions from the Director.  This means they have accountability for business continuity within their areas.


Auditors and insurers are increasingly seeking assurances that organisations such as the School have adequate plans and policies in place.  Furthermore, other organisations are now expecting certain standards to be complied with before they will work with them (as indeed the School does when it works with contractors) and more and more grant providers are expecting researchers to be able to produce a range of their organisation’s business continuity and disaster recovery plans.   


And finally, in the unfortunate event that School or a part of the School became the subject of litigation relating to an incident, it might need to be able to prove that it had adequate, documented and tested plans in place. 



3  About business continuity at the LSE

Business continuity management at the School is concerned with:

  • Anticipating and preventing avoidable interruptions to the work of the School and planning for recovery from the impact of a major incident, such as the loss of a building, a flu pandemic or a terrorist attack;
  • The initial management of any major incident under the Major Incident Initial Response Plan (MIIRP).
  • The MIIRP sets out the framework for the actions to be taken at School level in response to the early stages of a major incident affecting the Houghton St campus or a student residence. The objective of the plan is to help ensure the safety and wellbeing of people and security of property in the immediate aftermath of the incident.
  • Copies of the Plan have been sent to all members of the School's Emergency Management Teams.
  • The Major Incident Initial Response Plan deals with the preliminary stage of the School's response to a major incident and paves the way into the Major Incident Business Recovery Plan, the objective of which is to ensure the timely and prioritised resumption of key activities disrupted by the incident. The Business Recovery Plan is being finalised and will be circulated and placed on the Business Continuity webpage as soon as possible.
  • A number of other business continuity plans are also being finalised and will be made available as soon as possible. Any queries about business continuity plans should be sent to Veronique Mizgailo.

Achieving these objectives is a matter of partnership between the School and its administrative services and academic units. The Director of Business Continuity is responsible for developing that partnership.


The main outputs from the partnership are guidance where appropriate from the School and local business continuity plans to ensure that normal business is possible and that disruption is avoided, or - should it occur - that its impact is mitigated so that it does not put the achievement of the School’s priorities at risk.


4  What does the School require from local departments and divisions?

The absolute bare minimum that the School requires is that every department and division has a plan, that the plan is regularly exercised (at least annually) and that the plan is regularly updated  if there are any changes within the department or division, or if the exercise shows that there are areas for improvement (see FAQ 7).  


Alongside this, the School asks that each Business Continuity Rep completes a short annual report at the beginning of the year, that will be submitted to the Business Continuity Executive Working Group.  This group meets annually and some reps may be expected to attend (see FAQ 13).  A half day conference is also held in the Autumn, t and all business continuity reps are invited to attend.  The conference is an opportunity to meet other reps across the School, swop best/good practice and take up some training.   


Every three years reps will be asked to complete a Business Impact Analysis (BIA).   The BIA is a comprehensive survey of critical and non critical systems and resources across the School by department and division.  It looks at optimal recovery times for these systems and resources and is used to identify weaknesses and areas of criticality across the organisation.  The information gathered is used to inform both central and local business continuity planning and disaster recovery strategies.   (For a diagram of the full cycle of activities see the Documents section of this webpage:  'Business Continuity Compliance Cycle at the LSE' .)


Business continuity is a responsibility that is devolved to Heads of Departments and Divisions from the Director.  This means they are accountable for business continuity within their areas.  Heads of Divisions and Departments may choose to devolve that responsibility to a nominated person within their area. 


The Service Divisions have their own, often very detailed, recovery plans as they deal with very specific parts of the School’s administration. The Academic Departments and units have followed suit. Those that do not have business continuity plans in place are encouraged to look at their business critical activities, their ‘pinch’ points both in terms of activities and staff expertise, and have some contingency arrangements in place. 


5  If I don't do anything what could happen?

  1. You will be unprepared if something happens that stops you being able to undertake the School’s or your department/division’s business. 
  2. It will take you much longer to sort everything out if no one knows what’s happening, who should do what and when, and who to contact. 
  3. You may not be able to recover your department’s business critical activities in a timely manner. 
  4. Your own reputation amongst your colleagues might suffer if you look as though you have no control over what has happened. 
  5. Your department/division’s and the School’s reputation could suffer damage.
  6. Business continuity is a responsibility that is devolved to Heads of Departments and Divisions from the Director.  This means they are accountable for business continuity within their areas.  If they have chosen to nominate you for that responsibility, you are part of that accountability chain.
  7. You may be asked to explain to your line manager and Head of Department/Division what went wrong and why you weren’t prepared.
  8. Depending on the seriousness of the incident and its impact, they in turn may be called upon to explain to the School Secretary or the Director what went wrong and why they weren’t prepared. In the case of past serious IT outages for example, explanations were asked for at Council level. 
  9. You may know what to do, but in your absence, your colleagues might not. It is good practice to ensure that the information is readily accessible to them. 
  10. In the (hopefully unlikely) case of litigation or an inquiry into an incident you may be called upon to provide documentary evidence that the decisions made at the time were based upon a reasonable combination of available information and adequate, documented and tested plans/processes.  


6  How do I start thinking about a business continuity plan?

It is impossible to plan for every situation or scenario, and business continuity is about planning how you would respond to the consequences of an incident that affects the School’s business, not necessarily identifying the incident itself, in a way that allows your area to resume business activities critical to the School as quickly as possible. To do this you need an understanding of what is critical to your area and how you would recover it if necessary.


Things to consider:

  • What critical activities do you undertake for the School? E.g. payroll, exams, teaching etc.
  • What times of year are critical for you?
  • Do you need to share specialist knowledge more widely in your area?
  • Are there areas where you are particularly vulnerable?
  • Who do you need to contact in an emergency?
  • How would you contact people in an emergency?


Have you considered what you would do in some common scenarios? For instance, do you know what to do if:

  • You cannot access your offices or teaching space for any reason;
  • Staff/students cannot travel into the School;
  • You cannot access your IT dependent systems;
  • There is a threat to your area’s reputation;
  • What happens if there is an incident at your most business critical time of the year;
  • What happens if you have insufficient staff to undertake business critical activities, or you are short staffed at a business critical time of year?
  • You lose business critical or confidential data, e.g. staff records, exam scripts, contracts, loan agreements etc?

Templates for a variety of business continuity plans can be found in the Documents section.  See also the diagram ' Business Continuity Planning:  things to consider' to help start you thinking about the areas you might want need to cover.


7  How are business continuity plans exercised? 

It’s no good having plans in place if they are not tested - you can’t know if they’ll work or not. 


Testing will take the form of an annual desktop exercise, although there is nothing stopping you doing an in-house exercise if you want to. A member of the Business Continuity team will arrange to come along to the department or division with a scenario, which is designed to test the plans you have in place and see how your department or division might deal with a particular situation.  


The idea is not to catch people out, but to find out where the gaps in current plans might be. Following a test the Business Continuity team member will work with the person who has responsibility for business continuity locally to improve the plan if needed.


However, having said that, local management do have accountability for business continuity.  Divisions and Departments are expected to have a business continuity arrangement of some kind in place and the lines of accountability travel all the way up to the senior management of the School.  


8  What does being a divisional or departmental business continuity rep involve?

As a rep, you are the person nominated by your Head of Department or Division to ensure that the School’s business continuity requirements are met.   You will be expected to ensure that there is a plan and that the plan is maintained and updated.  


Depending on the existing level of business continuity planning within your area and what your department/division wants to achieve, you may need to engage in varying levels of initial work to set this up. More information on local management can be found in these FAQs and there are some useful templates in the Documents section of this page.  You will also find links to further reading in the Resources section of this page. 


You may also be expected to attend the Business Continuity Executive Working Group (BCEWG) if you represent a Service Division or are one of the three Academic Department Reps nominated at the AUMF to represent Departmental and Research Institute Managers.   More information on this body can be found in FAQ 13  in this section.


Support and help is available and more information is contained in the FAQ dealing with training. You can always contact Veronique Mizgailo if you are not sure where to start or want to talk to someone about the role.  


9  What training and support is available?

Hopefully this website will provide a first source of reference and information for those undertaking business continuity within the School. If you need to know more or can’t find something, then contact Veronique Mizgailo


Unfortunately there is no formal training programme for business continuity. Training sessions will be mostly ad hoc, but an annual ‘mini conference’ will be held to which all business continuity representatives will be invited. Over the course of half a day, broadly speaking, we will have a training session, discuss best practice, exchange experiences and stage a scenario as a training exercise. We will obviously try to address any needs that the representatives might have.


There is also a wealth of knowledge amongst your peers, and it may be that you can ask for a mentor from amongst them to help guide you. Conversely if you would like to volunteer to be a mentor and pass on your knowledge and experience please do let Veronique know.


In the meantime, if you have a question, want to discuss an issue, or need some advice or help please contact Veronique.  Veronique will be happy to come and meet you on a one to one basis and offer any assistance, or run a scenario for group training purposes too. 


We do have an external provider and if there is sufficient demand we may ask them to provide directed training also. 


10  What is required locally of service divisions and academic departments?

The School takes business continuity and risk very seriously and all divisions and departments are expected to have some kind of business continuity arrangements in place. This responsibility will also have been delegated to your Head of Department / Division by the Director.  If you have even a basic risk register set up too, then so much the better as it will help inform your business continuity plans. 


The business continuity arrangements will be tested  on an annual basis and there is more information on this in this FAQ section. 


Service Divisions

On a local level, it is expected that all service divisions have plans in place and that business continuity reps are nominated in each division to maintain them and take responsibility for them.  Although not compulsory, it is good practice to maintain at least a basic risk register.


Academic Departments

Formerly academic units were given a basic, generic plan, issued by the School.  However, almost all academic units have now put in place their own, more detailed plans and each unit should have a nominated business continuity rep to maintain these plans and take responsibility for them.   


If you wish to draw up your own more detailed plan, you can find templates in the Documents section and contact Veronique Mizgailo if you need further help or guidance.    In addition each area that completed the 2013 Business Impact Analysis will have received an individual business continuity plan template based on their responses, to use or not as they wish. 


Lines of accountability and governance are in place to ensure that the School's requirements are met and FAQ 11 deals with this subject in more detail. 


11  What are the lines of accountability and governance within the School?

Organisational chart showing lines of delegation, governance and compliance within the School. PDF Document



The oversight of accountability and governance for local management of business continuity is undertaken by the Business Continuity Executive Working Group (BCEWG).   This executive group is in turn accountable to the Business Continuity Steering Group (BCSG), which is chaired by the School Secretary. The School Secretary is accountable to the Director, and the Director is accountable to the School Council.  


On a local level,  business continuity is a responsibility that is devolved to Heads of Departments and Divisions from the Director.  This means they are accountable for business continuity within their areas.  They, in turn, may choose to nominate a person in their area to ensure their delegated obligations to business continuity are fulfilled.  In addition, the nominee may then ask someone else to undertake the delegated obligations.  For instance a Head of Department may ask the Departmental Manager to undertake Business Continuity within their Department.  The Departmental Manager may then choose to delegate this function to another member of staff.   Responsibility for Business Continuity however, remains with the head of the department or division. 


Local areas are responsible for ensuring that they have their own plans in place, and outside of any guidance issued, or assistance provided, centrally by the School for business continuity and specific events, they are expected to manage their business continuity plans and events locally.   A diagram of the School's business continuity cycle can be found in the Documents section of this webpage, under 'Business Continuity Compliance Cycle at the LSE'.


12  Who's who in business continuity at the LSE?

Who's who in Business Continuity at the LSE  

  • Andrew Webb - Acting School Secretary and Chair of the Business Continuity Steering Group.
  • Julian Robinson - Director of Estates and member of the Business Continuity Steering Group.
  • Nick Deyes - Director of Information Management and Technology and member of the Business Continuity Steering Group.
  • Robin Hoggard - Acting Director of Business Continuity, Deputy Secretary, Director of Government Relations, Acting Director of the Governance, Legal and Policy Division, and Chair of the Business Continuity Executive Working Group.
  • Veronique - Business Continuity Manager, assisting Andrew Webb with business continuity and secretary to the Business Continuity Steering and Executive Working Groups. 


13  What is the Business Continuity Steering Group and the Business Continuity Executive Working Group? 

The Business Continuity Steering Group (BCSG)

This body is tasked with overall responsibility for ensuring the School has adequate business continuity arrangements in place. 


It is chaired by the Acting School Secretary, Andrew Webb. The two other members of the Group are the Director of Estates, Julian Robinson, and the Director of Information Management and Technology, Nick Deyes


The Acting Director for Business Continuity, Robin Hoggard, reports into this Group. His job is to make sure that the actions required by the Group are translated into applicable practice. The Business Continuity Manager, Veronique Mizgailo, is responsible for implementing these practices. 


Other members of the School may be called into the Group’s meetings to discuss specific matters or give presentations on their business continuity arrangements. 


The Group is answerable to the Director, and through the Director, to Council. 

The proceedings of the Group can be found here.  Please note this webpage is passworded and access is restricted to the Group's members only because of the sensitive nature of some of the material held.


The Business Continuity Executive Working Group (BCEWG)

This is the body to which the Business Continuity Steering Group (BCSG) has devolved accountability for the governance of business continuity across the departments and divisions.  It is also charged with making sure local arrangements are in place to an acceptable level. 


The departmental and divisional business continuity representatives are accountable to this Group for business continuity. The membership is made up of business continuity reps from each of the Service Divisions and the three representatives nominated by Departmental & Research Institute Managers to represent the academic departments.   As there are so many members, the Group membership has been broken down into three sub groups:  Estates & Infrastructure, Central Administration and Academic Services. Each sub group will meet once a year.    


As the Group is an instrument of governance and accountability, if the members of the sub group cannot make the meeting they should arrange for a deputy to attend in their stead.  


The Group is chaired by the Acting Director of Business Continuity, Robin Hoggard, and Veronique Mizgailo is the Secretary. At the meeting attendees will, amongst other things, be asked to report back on recent exercises and incidents and any lessons learnt or areas for improvement, raise issues in their areas or any projects that might impact on other parts of the School. 


The proceedings of the Group can be found here.  Please note this is not a public resource and the webpage is passworded and restricted to LSE staff only. 


14  Risk and risk registers.


This FAQ includes the headings:

  • Do I need a risk register to draw up a business continuity  plan?
  • What is a risk?
  • How is level of risk determined?
  • How do I draw up a risk register?



Most organisations have at least one risk register, whether it is an overarching strategic risk register, or whether it deals with more tangible risks like floods or mechanical breakdown.   Although not obligatory, departments and divisions are encouraged to draw up some kind of risk register which can then be fed into their business continuity planning.


The following is a very simplistic outline of the subject of risk and risk registers. It’s not intended to be a guide to dealing with what is potentially a large and complex subject, but an introduction to some of the basic precepts. If you feel you need more information than can be provided here, then please look at the Resources section where you will find more information on Risk, or contact Veronique Mizgailo, as a starting point.

Do I need a risk register to draw up a Business Continuity Plan?

Not necessarily - it depends on what your unit does. For instance, in areas that deal with IT or infrastructure it would make sense to have a risk register and have your recovery programme and business continuity planning linked to it in some way. If you are a small research unit that does not undertake field trips or teaching and is not wholly reliant on a single grant for example, it may not be  that useful to you.


A risk register grades likelihood and impact of risks to help you look at ways to mitigate or prepare for specific threats to your business (e.g. how to lessen the risk of the Thames flooding as it will result in the School closing). 


Good business continuity planning gives you a way to deal with the consequences of an event or incident (e.g. how to respond if the School has to close for any reason).  Having said that, business continuity planning can be informed by risk registers, and forward planning might be undertaken around certain, specific risks.  For example, the School has a pandemic plan.  It's not necessarily a high likelihood, but a pandemic would have a high impact on the School's critical business activities. 


Also, where you have a very high likelihood with potentially a high impact, you may want to have some kind of business continuity mechanism around it.  The School’s severe weather plan is an example of this.


In addition, it's always a good idea to consider what risks your department or division might struggle with.  For example do you have specific staff expertise and knowledge that is not documented or processes that are known to one person only?  If that person left without an adequate handover, leaving no documentation of important activities, or if there was a staff shortage at a critical time, what would you do?  A risk register will help you identify these kinds of problems.

What is risk?

PRINCE2 defines risk as follows:

“An uncertain event or set of events that, should it occur, will have an effect on the  achievement of objectives. A risk is measured by a combination of the probability of a perceived threat or opportunity occurring, and the magnitude of its impact on objectives.”

How is level of risk determined?

Once you have identified a risk, for example, “if my car breaks down I can’t get to work”, you need to then look at:


  1. The likelihood of the risk occurring: is my car likely to break down?
  2. The severity of the impact if the risk occurs: how bad will it be if I can’t get to work?
  3. Can I do anything about the risk? In other words:
    • Can I mitigate the risk? (get my car serviced and arrange with my boss to set up home working access for myself)
    • Can I avoid the risk? (buy a new car or retire)
    • Can I accept the risk? (I can’t afford either of the previous steps, but my boss is pretty laid back, there’s a direct bus, and I can work from home in the worst case scenario so it’s not a big deal if my car does break down.)
    • Can I transfer the risk (I’ll contract the responsibility for my journey to the local cab firm and they can drive me to work.)
    • Is the risk an opportunity? (I’ll start my own business from home and never need to drive in rush hour again.)


The level of risk is usually determined by considering the criteria in points 1-2, i.e. by considering likelihood and impact then looking at the mitigating factors set out in point 3. Bear in mind though that categorising risks is not always as straightforward as it might first appear.   It is also worth considering whether some risks provide you with an opportunity rather than a problem.


For example, if you drive an unreliable old banger (likelihood) but your boss doesn’t mind if you work from home (severity of impact and ability to mitigate or accept the risk) then the risk could be moderate (amber).


If on the other hand, you get your car serviced (likelihood and mitigation of risk), but your boss will sack you if you’re late (severity of impact) you may want to upgrade the risk to high (red).


If you buy a new car (likelihood and avoidance of risk) and your boss is happy for you to work from home (severity of impact) then your risk rating is probably low (green).


There are many ways of categorising risks and you will find a plethora of scoring methods on the internet. The above example is just one way of doing it, based loosely on the PRINCE2 methodology.

How do I draw up a risk register?

Your risk register can be drawn up using specialist software, or you can put together something more simple and straightforward in Word or Excel.


One of the simplest ways of drawing up a risk register may be to use a ‘traffic light’ system, i.e. accord a risk a red, amber or green status (as has been done in the example above) according to how serious you think it is. 


There are lots of examples on the internet, or, if you want a template and you're not sure where to start contact Veronique Mizgailo.

15  Glossary of business continuity terms

A link to a dictionary of terminology, taken from the BCI website, can be found in the Resources section. 


16  Where can I find templates?

Templates can be found in the Documents section of this page.


17  Where can I find the MIIRP (Major Incident Initial Response Plan?

A copy of the MIIRP can be found in the Documents section of this page.


18  I'm submitting a grant, what documents might I need?

The most commonly requested documents can be found in the Documents section of this page under "Grants".  Usually you will be asked for the MIIRP, the IT Recovery Statement and the Alternative Accommodation Plan.  If you cannot find what you are looking for please contact Veronique Mizgailo







For further reading and external links, go to the Resources section of this page.   A range of internal documents can also be found in the Documents section of this page.





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