Research Division Briefing
 

Welcome to the Research Division e-Briefing

The Research Division e-Briefing is produced by the Research Division| and the Press and Information Office|
 
NAB_ExteriorIn  the last few weeks, the Leverhulme Trust's Director, Professor Gordon Marshall has given a seminar here at LSE, the UK and China have agreed a £20million Low Carbon Innovation Programme and the ESRC has announced a number of new Centres and large grants. 

There is also news of the latest funding opportunities available and the awards colleagues at the School have already received, as well as the latest research to be published.

If you have colleagues who would like to receive this bulletin and may not at present, email pressoffice@lse.ac.uk|. If you would like to feature a research story, award, or opportunity in this newsletter, email David Coombe, Research Division, at d.coombe@lse.ac.uk|

 
 
 

End of March 2014

 
 

News

Leverhulme Trust Director’s visit at LSE

The Leverhulme Trust’s Director, Professor Gordon Marshall gave a seminar at LSE on 18 March 2014 about the ethos and funding schemes of the Trust. Professor Marshall stated that 94% of research funding invested by the Trust goes to responsive mode projects every year. Professor Marshall highlighted that the Trust’s focus is on research excellence and high quality scholarship.
If you want to find out more, visit the RD events’ web page to download the presentation slides here|.
More information on the Trust’s funding schemes can be found here|

LSE professor wins Ludwig Quidde Award for outstanding academic achievements Mary_Kaldor

Professor Mary Kaldor, Professor of Global Governance at LSE, has been awarded the Ludwig Quidde Award by the German Foundation for Peace Research. Professor Kaldor is only the second academic to win the prize, which recognises an individual whose outstanding academic achievements continue the lifework of the Ludwig Quidde, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1927.

Professor Kaldor, who is also Director of the Civil Society and Human Security Research Unit at LSE, said “I am thrilled to have won this award. It is great to receive an award that recognises the mutually reinforcing combination of scholarly efforts and peace and human rights work.” More|

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ESRC Centres and Large Grants Competition

The competition for 2014/15 will open in mid-April. As in previous years we expect that, in addition to the open route, it will feature steers in areas of strategic priority, as identified by the Council. These steers will be announced when the competition opens. The upper threshold for any single award is £10 million (100 per cent fEC). It is currently anticipated that the budget for the next round is £22 million. The Council expects to make around four awards. There will be an internal sifting deadline within LSE. Please contact RD early if you are planning to apply. 

AHRC renames fellowship schemes as “Leadership Fellows Scheme”

From 1 May 2014, the AHRC’s Fellowships Scheme will be renamed the ‘Leadership Fellows’ scheme. AHRC will also be issuing updated guidance which emphasises the need for applicants to give equal consideration to both leadership and research. More|

H2020 Evaluation Panel Members

A key factor for the successful integration of social sciences and humanities (SSH) in the EC’s Horizon 2020 is to have experts with relevant SSH competence on the evaluation panels. To be eligible as expert, interested persons must create a profile in the database of independent experts for European research and innovation. To increase the chance to be selected, experts have to clearly indicate if they have a cross-disciplinary background, both within the SSH disciplines and within SSH and science/technology/medicine/innovation etc. More|Alan_Turing

Alan Turing Institute to be set up to research big data

The UK government is creating a world-class research institute specialising in data science dedicated to British WW2 code-breaker Alan Turing. The Alan Turing Institute will focus on new ways of collecting, organising and analysing large sets of data - commonly known as big data. More|

New collaborative research programme to support climate change negotiations

The aim of the two-year AVOID 2 programme funded by the Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) and NERC is to provide robust, policy relevant information that can be drawn upon in international policy discussions in the run up to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) COP21 to be held in Paris in 2015. More|

Open access to scientific publications Horizon 2020 projects

Within the Horizon 2020 funding programme, research articles published by EU-funded projects have to be freely accessible for all. All projects receiving H2020 funding will have the obligation to make sure any peer reviewed journal article they publish is openly accessible, free of charge. More|

UK and China agree £20 million Low Carbon Innovation Programme

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A new £20 million three-year programme that will support research to develop new low carbon manufacturing processes and technologies, low carbon cities and offshore renewables in the UK and China was agreed. Representatives from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and EPSRC, as part of RCUK Energy Programme, signed a new memorandum of understanding (MoU) at a meeting in London. More| 

ESRC announces new Centres and large grants

The ESRC has announced the award of Centre and large grant funding to:
Credit and Labour Market Foundations of the Macroeconomy – University of Edinburgh, PI Professor J Moore.
The ESRC International Centre for Language and Communicative Development (LuCiD) – Universities of Manchester, Liverpool and Lancaster, PI Professor E Lieven (Manchester)
The ESRC Centre for the Wales Institute of Social & Economic Research, Data & Methods (WISERD)/Civil Society – Cardiff University in collaboration with the partner Universities of Aberystwyth, Bangor, Swansea and South Wales, PI Professor I R Jones
The ESRC Research Centre for Micro-Social Change (MiSoc): Understanding individual and family behaviours in a new era of uncertainty and change – Institute for Social and Economic Research at the University of Essex, PIs Mike Brewer and David Voas More|
We expect the announcement of the next competition shortly.

LERU supports DESCA consortium agreement model for Horizon 2020

Consortium agreements between partners are mandatory for most Horizon 2020 projects. DESCA, a popular consortium agreement model, offers options and alternative modules and clauses providing maximum flexibility. The DESCA 2020| was launched in Brussels on 24 March with full support from the League of European Research Universities (LERU)|

EU-Canada sign Strategic Partnership Agreementcananda_flag

The EU-Canada SPA sets the framework for cooperation in a broad range of areas such as education, science and technology, transport and energy. It also strengthens the EU-Canada foreign policy cooperation on issues such as crisis management and security. More|

Skills Development Programme

Our Skills Development Programme, delivered in partnership with the Teaching and Learning Centre, consists of a series of workshops, panel and information sessions to help our research staff develop the skills needed to achieve their research funding goals. A number of events will be delivered in the summer term:

Information Session: Funding for Seminars and International Networking, 14 May 2014, 13:00-14:00, OLD 3.21. From research workshops to international research networks, there are a number of ways you can fund your engagement with researchers overseas. This session will give you an overview of the different funding opportunities for these activities. Book your place here|.

Panel Session: Making Impact with your Research, 18 June 2014, 13:00-15:00, OLD 3.21. This session aims to help academics and researchers how to develop approaches to maximize Impact of the research. It will focus on how their research can reach beyond academia whilst conceptualising their research ideas. A panel comprised of LSE academics will share their experiences in generating impact. Book your place here|.

 
 
 

Funding opportunities

Candidates interested in applying for any of the opportunities below should email rescon@lse.ac.uk|  (unless otherwise stated).

Pre-announcement of the Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) Joint Programme 2014 Call for Proposals

The AAL Programme will soon launch its first call for proposals to respond to the challenge: "Care for the future: An Ageing society faces an increasing need for care, how will ICT contribute to sustainable solutions?" The 2014 Call Challenge of the AAL Programme aims at funding the development and testing of ICT-based solutions in real life situations which enable and support sustainable care models for older adults. It is anticipated that the call will be launched on 28 March 2014, with a proposal submission deadline end June 2014. More|

British Academy/Leverhulme Small Research Grants Call for Proposals

Grants are available to support primary research in the humanities and social sciences. The maximum grant is £10,000 over two years. Applications for collaborative or individual research projects are equally welcome. Applications from international groups of scholars are welcome, provided there is a UK-based scholar as lead applicant. Deadline for submission of applications: 16 April 2014. More|
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EC HORIZON 2020 Societal Challenges

Proposals are invited for its H2020-INSO-1-2015 call on ICT-enabled Open Government. Innovation, coordination and support actions are eligible under this call. The specific challenge under this call focuses on the availability of open data and open services, in an open government setting that are supporting the collaborative forms of service design and delivery and, increasing transparency. Pilot projects about a) personalised public services, and b) transparency are expected. Deadline: 21 April 2014, 17:00 Brussels time. More|

The Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) in Cultural Heritage and Global Change

Applications are invited for its Heritage Plus call that is designed to generate new, research-based knowledge to promote the sustainable use and management of cultural heritage. Deadline for pre-proposals: 28 April 2014. More|

Konosuke Matsushita Memorial Foundation, Research Grants scheme

This supports research on social, academic and international needs in the areas of humanities and social sciences which promote international understanding and coexistence of nature and mankind. Students in doctoral courses and researchers within five years after finishing their PhD may apply. Former recipients of the grant may not reapply. There are no restrictions on nationality, affiliation or area of residence. Around 40 grants are available, worth up to ¥500,000 each, and tenable between 1 October 2014 and 30 September 2015. Deadline: 16 May 2014. More|

ESRC Festival of Social Science

The Festival will be taking place across the UK from 1-8 November 2014. The call for applications is now open. The closing dates for:
• Sponsored applications is 4pm on 9 May
• Non-sponsored applications is 4pm on 16 May. More|  

DST-UKIERI Thematic Partnerships India

The UK-India education and research initiative (UKIREI) of the British Council and the Department of Science and Technology of India invite applications for their thematic partnerships. These facilitate collaborations between faculties and researchers and enable registered PhD students and postdoctoral researchers in India and the UK to undertake short-term visits to work on research projects. Five key subject areas are: sustainable energy supply; food production and security; water supply and security; health and disease; innovation, including social impact and intellectual property; research and science policy. Multidisciplinary research is encouraged. Deadline: 31 May 2014. More| 

Wellcome Trust, University Awards

These enable universities to attract research staff by providing support for up to five years, after which the award holder takes up a guaranteed permanent post in the university. A monograph and other substantial publications are expected to result from an award. Teaching and other non-research commitments are therefore expected to be minimal during the period of full support. Deadline for preliminary applications: 18 July 2014. More| 

Wellcome Trust, Research Fellowships in Medical Humanities

These support individuals at all stages of their careers who are not in established academic posts, wishing to undertake a period of research in medical history and humanities. Strong preference is given to applicants with a good prospect of achieving an academic career as a specialist in medical history and humanities. Deadline for preliminary applications: 18 July 2014. More|

Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships (IF)

These fellowships support researchers with a doctorate or at least four years of experience to advance in their research and to acquire or transfer knowledge, by moving within Europe or coming to Europe. All research fields may be funded. The call H2020-MSCA-IF-2014| is open until 11 September 2014 at 17.00 Brussels time.

LSE - Sciences Po Faculty Mobility Scheme 2014-15

Deadline: 7 May 2014

 
LSE and Sciences Po have been institutional partners for the past decade. The annual faculty mobility scheme is the newest initiative in our academic collaboration. The scheme enables faculty to spend at least a month in a host department at the other institution in order to engage with other students; to foster networks between colleagues and help wider departmental and institutional interests.

There are two options in the scheme to give maximum flexibility.
Mode A: shorter visits of one month, whereby visiting faculty deliver at least eight hours of teaching (or a short course) and spend at least four hours with PhD students
Mode B: longer visits of three months, whereby visiting faculty deliver at least 20 hours of teaching, spend at least 10 hours with PhD students and deliver a departmental or public lecture

Participants will continue to receive their normal salary and a travel grant from their home institution. They will also receive a subsistence allowance or salary from the host institution. 
More| 

Transformation in the Payment and Settlement System Infrastructure

MoneyPayments impact the utility and wealth of all stakeholders including consumers, businesses and countries. Empirically, new payment systems and the increase in technical efficiencies have been found to positively influence financial stability, consumption, trade and GDP. In the 1970s, automated clearing houses (ACHs) were set-up to replace paper checks with electronic batch processing. This was followed by real-time gross settlement systems (RTGSs), which were the result of the demand for risk reduction in processing high-value payments with settlement finality.

The latest developments in payment infrastructures include the shortening of low-value payments’ clearing and settlement times with the move to real-time or near real-time outcomes. This innovation can be facilitated with new retail payment systems being established replacing batch / ACHs or via the use of hybrid RTGS systems. New retail payment systems include the UK’s Faster Payments Service (FPS), India’s Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) and Sweden’s Bankgirot. In addition, Norway and Denmark’s NETS and Singapore’s G3 are due to go live. Switzerland’s SIX-SIS system and Mexico’s SPEI are oft-quoted examples of hybrid RTGS’s facilitating real-time clearing of retail payments. Such operational upgrades also promote the inclusion of non-bank and under-banked participants and new payment instruments and methods like mobile (e.g. MPESA), internet banking and e-commerce.

Research should provide help for regulators, central banks, payment system providers and industry groups when deciding whether to join in this transformation. Deadline for submissions: 12 May 2014. More| 

Cross-border Low Value Payments and Regional Integration: Enablers and Disablers

Regional initiatives such as ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), the Eurozone, COMESA (Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa) and SADC (South African Development Community) have fundamental objectives such as “to accelerate the [economic growth and social progress in the region through joint endeavours] in order to strengthen the foundation for a prosperous and peaceful community of its member nations” (as stated under the Objectives in the ASEAN Declaration).

To fulfil such ambitions, greater financial and capital market integration needs to be fostered by reducing intra-regional transactional barriers to trade and investment by minimizing cross-border transfer fees. Interlinked payment systems (e.g. COMESA’s regional payment system initiative), a single shared clearing and settlement model (e.g. TARGET 2 and the West African Economic and Monetary Union), a standardised framework for cross-border payments (e.g. the International Payments Framework Association) and simple interoperability between domestic retail platforms have been some of the resulting developments.

Much academic and policy research has highlighted the guidelines and models which can be followed for successful regional integration of financial payment infrastructures. However, less has been documented on the quantitative and qualitative evidence of certain models or rules. Research which is able to empirically shed light on the following questions would thus aid regional development organizations and domestic payments systems to make their informed decisions. Deadline for submissions: 12 May 2014. More| 

 
 
 

Recent awards

RuthKattumuriDr Ruth Kattumuri, India Observatory and Asia Research Centre has, with the University of Hyderabad, India, been jointly awarded £59,367.50 from the British Council UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI) to study urban water supply and governance in four Indian cities. The study will examine water policy instruments and focus on institutional capabilities to provide drinking water to urban households in an efficient and equitable manner, while at the same time ensuring sustainability of the resource and minimising conflicts among various stakeholders.

Professor Martin Knapp, PSSRU, has received an award of £2.5m over four years from the ESRC to generate new evidence and feed it into policy and practice discussions so as to improve the lives of people with dementia and their carers. Professor Knapp has also been awarded £210,797 to participate in a European Commission FP7 project on social innovation and civic engagement. The project aims to build a set of testable hypotheses that relate to the Third Sector’s key characteristics of strong value sets, persistent multi-stakeholder considerations, and mobilisation of multiple resources, and to test these hypotheses.

Professor Paul De Grauwe, European Institute, has been awarded £235,384 toPaul_De_Grauweparticipate in a European Commission FP7 project that seeks to develop elements of a new paradigm which (i) explicitly takes into account the existence of various forms of heterogeneous, boundedly rational behaviour in financial markets as well as in goods and labour markets, (ii) investigates the potential of such behaviour to generate bubbles, crashes and a system-wide break down of activity as collective outcomes of individual activities, (iii) investigates the linkages and repercussions between the complex area of financial activity and real economic activity which could be affected by, for example, the cancellation of credit lines and a breakdown of expected liquidity provision, (iv) studies how the transmission channel of monetary policy works in times of distress in the financial markets (particularly the interbank market) and how it could restore the credit flow from banks to companies operating in the real sector. The results will provide insights into the consequences of different modelling paradigms for the conduct of monetary policy and, in particular, appropriate reactions of monetary authorities to prevalent financial distress.

Dr Mauricio Avendano Pabon, LSE Health and Social Care, has been sub-contracted by Columbia University to participate in a John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on an Aging Society. The aim of the project is to assess whether intergenerational support moderates the impact of socioeconomic status on depression at old age, and assess the role of institutional arrangements in explaining these links by exploiting variations in policies across European countries and the United States.

Mr Philipp Rode, LSE Cities, has been awarded £176,471 by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation to support research on challenges and innovations in urban governance around the world.

Professor_Katrin_FlikschuhProfessor Katrin Flikschuh, Government, has received a Leverhulme Trust International Network Grant for £103,264 to bring African and Western normative theorists into intellectual contact with one another in order to counteract the parochial nature of global justice theorising, which currently dominates Western political thinking. The objectives are twofold: first, to scrutinize the distorting effects of this unexamined image on global thinking; second, to enrich global theorising through the inclusion of African intellectual perspectives.

Dr Taisuke Otsu, Economics, has received an award from the European Commission to undertake a project that aims to contribute to advances in the research on semiparametric and nonparametric econometric methods by developing novel estimation and inference approaches in a variety of contexts and applying them to important empirical problems in economics.

Dr Pascal Michaillat, Centre for Macroeconomics, has received an award of £74,424 from the Institute for New Economic Thinking to provide guidance for policy makers on designing policies that are able to bring economies out of recessions.
RachelNagi
Dr Rachel Ngai, Economics, has been awarded £143,759 by the British Academy to provide a framework for the quantitative study of housing dynamics, beginning from the household’s decision to buy or sell and aggregating to the whole economy. The influence of macroeconomic conditions and housing policy will be key ingredients of the research. The main part of the research will be a quantitative analysis of the British and American housing markets, aiming to provide clear prescriptions about the impact of policy on housing dynamics and their connection with the rest of the economy. 

HEIF5 Bid Fund: Lent Term 13/14
The Knowledge Exchange and Impact Strategy Group (KEISG) met on 18th March to award the last round of HEIF5 Bid Funding. With 16 applications, it was a highly competitive round and there were many strong bids. In the end, 9 successful bids were awarded a total of £435,000.
The successful bids were –

  • Professor Chris Skinner (Statistics): Improved Monitoring of the NHS Drugs Bill
  • Dr Martin Lodge (CARR): Regulators’ Forum
  • Professor Anne Power (LSE Housing): Energy Plus
  • Professor Daniel Ferreira (FMG): Corporate Governance at LSE
  • Dr Don Slater (LSE Cities): Configuring Light Workshop
  • Dr Nancy Holman (LSE London): Housing in London: Addressing the crisis
  • Professor Gwyn Bevan (LSE Health): Implementing STAR on an industrial scale globally
  • Dr Jose-Luis Fernandez (PSSRU): Data visualisation and policy dialogue on ageing and long-term care
  • Dr Kristina Spohr (International History): Cold War Summitry: Transcending The Division Of Europe, 1970-1990
 
 
 

Findings

LSE Research Online| is a service provided by LSE Library to increase the visibility of research produced by LSE staff. It contains citations and full text, Open Access versions of research outputs, including journal articles, books chapters, working papers, theses, conference papers and more.

To find out more about Open Access, and how LSE Research Online can help enhance research impact, email lseresearchonline@lse.ac.uk|.

Rising inequalities not inevitable

Increasing inequalities across some of the richest countries in the world are not inevitable according to findings from an international research project, which included a team of researchers from LSE.

Published in two volumes, launched at LSE on 27 March 2014, the research shows that public policy plays a key role in shaping national inequalities even within a highly globalized set of rich countries. Information on inequality trends was gathered across 30 countries over the last 30 years.

Evidence of tax reforms across many of the countries reveals a trend towards lowering marginal tax rates for high earners, reductions in taxes on capital and capital income and removal or reductions in inheritance tax. This has been coupled with a reduction in the effectiveness of welfare states in ameliorating background inequality pressures. More|

Recessions increase racial prejudice and inequality in the UK

Periods of high unemployment in the UK see more people admitting to being racially prejudiced and ethnic minorities disproportionately suffering in the job market, according to new research from LSE.

job_centreThe study looks at changes in self-reported racial prejudice over 27 years and finds the proportion of people who said they were at least a ‘little prejudiced’ towards those from other races increased slightly whenever the economy took a turn for the worse.

The researchers found a particularly big increase in self-reported prejudice during recessions among the highly-educated. In particular, full-time employed, middle-aged White men, the group most likely to be employers or managers in the workplace, show the largest increase in self-reported prejudice.

In general, highly-educated individuals are less likely to express racial prejudice than other sections of the population. Nevertheless, the research highlights how a four percentage point increase in the unemployment rate - as was seen in the recent Great Recession – matches a 16 percentage point increase in the proportion of educated, employed White men who admitted to some racial prejudice. This is after controlling for variables such as age, education, income and gender. More|

30,000 people with mental health problems lose social care as funding cut by £90millionMedical

Since 2005, 30,000 people with mental health problems have lost their social care support, following a £90 million shortfall in funding due to cuts to local authority budgets, according to research by the Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU), based at LSE.

Adjusting for socio-demographic change[1], this would be equivalent to 63,000 fewer people with mental health problems receiving social care since 2005 and local authorities needing to spend £260million to meet their needs. The research, commissioned by the Care and Support Alliance (CSA), a coalition of 75 charities and organizations, examined the state of social care over a seven-year period (2005/6 – 2012/13).

Dr Jose-Luis Fernandez, PSSRU Deputy Director and co-author of the research, said: “Even before the current public spending austerity programme was introduced, the adequacy of adult social care spending was an issue of concern. More|

Depressed employees cost European businesses £77 billion a year

Employers need to take a more proactive approach to employees with depression in the wake of figures showing the illness now costs European workplaces an estimated £77 billion a year. The greatest economic loss is through absenteeism and lost productivity, according to a new report by LSE and King’s College London.

The report, published in PLOS ONE, reveals that although 30 million people in Europe – and 350 million people worldwide – struggle with depression, many workplaces seriously underestimate its impact. More|

New criminal offences proposed to protect hospital patients from gross negligence

Hospital patients who have been subjected to gross mistreatment and appalling standardsNHSof healthcare will be protected by a new criminal offence of ‘wilful neglect’ under plans sanctioned by the UK Government.

Law professors Karen Yeung (King’s College London) and Jeremy Horder (LSE) have put forward the recommendation in the wake of the Stafford Hospital public enquiry which called for tougher legislation. In an article published in BMJ Quality and Safety this month, the law professors argue that existing legislation only protects mental health patients and children.

“There are a few cases where ordinary people – particularly the elderly and vulnerable – have been subjected to serious failings of care in hospitals in Britain and they have had no criminal redress,” Professor Horder said. More|

Report calls for wellbeing to be at the heart of public policy design

An independent commission has published its recommendations that government target public policy-making at 'wellbeing', or life satisfaction, not simply economic growth. Wellbeing and Policy, commissioned by the Legatum Institute, is the final report of the Commission on Wellbeing and Policy, chaired by Gus O'Donnell, Chair of Frontier Economics and a Visiting Professor at LSE. Professor Lord Richard Layard, Director of the Wellbeing Programme in LSE's Centre for Economic Performance, was one of the five commissioners tasked with exploring how wellbeing analysis can be usefully applied to policy.

The commissioners conclude that GDP is too narrow a measure of prosperity. Instead, policy should aim at increasing people's satisfaction with their lives, using measures of wellbeing as an indicator of success. The report explains how to define and measure wellbeing and demonstrates how it can be used to measure the success of different policies and different countries. More|

Welfare reforms forcing social housing tenants into poverty

housesEleven housing associations in the South West of England have joined forces to tackle the employment issues faced by residents in affordable housing as a direct result of the changes to welfare reform.

HAILO (Housing Association Influence and Leadership Organisation) commissioned Professor Anne Power at LSE to conduct a study, looking at how the government’s welfare reform programme will influence tenants’ work opportunities in the south west. HAILO’s interim baseline report entitled ‘Work and welfare reform–impacts in the south west’, includes interviews with 200 working age social housing tenants, and brings to life a snapshot of tenants’ circumstances at the beginning of welfare reform. More|

 
 
 

Information

To find out more about research opportunities, contact the Research Development Team at rescon@lse.ac.uk|.

If you would like to feature a research story, award, or opportunity in this newsletter, email David Coombe, Research Division, at d.coombe@lse.ac.uk|

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