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Older children with emotional problems and high levels of sensation seeking are most at risk of excessive internet use
Older children with emotional problems and those who have high levels of sensation seeking are most at risk of developing excessive internet use a new report by EU Kids Online has found.
Parents with concerns over their children's internet use, however, should not simply focus on how much time a child is spending online, but ask whether the child is displaying one or more of the five signs of excessive use which could indicate a problem: not sleeping or eating; feeling bothered when they cannot go online; not doing schoolwork or socialising because of the time spent online; unsuccessfully trying to spend less time online; and surfing despite not being interested in doing so. A child experiencing all five of these signs could be at risk of internet addiction.
Researchers from the EU Kids Online project, based at LSE, surveyed children aged 11-16 across the EU to find out how often they experienced these five signs of excessive internet use. Their research reveals that only 1 per cent of European children experience all five of the signs listed above. However, it was the older children who had emotional problems or high levels of sensation seeking who were most at risk of displaying several of these indications of excessive use. More
Schizophrenia costs society 11.8 billion pounds a year, says LSE PSSRU report
Schizophrenia costs society £11.8 billion a year, much of which could be spent more effectively, according to an LSE PSSRU report.
Only one in ten patients is currently offered potentially life-changing psychological therapies. The report, An Abandoned Illness, describes 'shameful' standards of care on some acute mental health wards, which can make patients worse rather than better. It calls for every ward in England to be brought to a standard where people would recommend it to a friend or relative.
The report highlights the disparity between the money spent on people with physical illness and those with mental illness; only 13 per cent of the NHS budget goes towards treating mental ill health, even though 23 per cent of conditions dealt with by the NHS are mental rather than physical. More
Working for a divorce
An increased risk of divorce encourages women to work longer hours outside the home according to new research from LSE.
According to the research by Dr Berkay Özcan, published in the latest issue of European Economic Review, for every one per cent increase in the risk of marital breakdown, women work an extra 12 minutes per week.
Dr Özcan and his co-researchers used the legalisation of divorce in Ireland in 1996 to determine how the subsequent marriage breakdown rates affected women’s participation in the workforce.
Dr Özcan said: 'We see that women who are at a higher risk of divorce significantly increase how much they work. And it isn’t that women working outside the home are more likely to get divorced. Rather, faced with a rising probability of divorce, women work more, whether they ultimately separate or not. They are working as a form of insurance in case of divorce or in anticipation of it.' More
ASEAN ill equipped to stand up to China and the US, says new LSE IDEAS report
As world leaders gather this week for the summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in Phnom Penh, an LSE report concludes that the group is ill equipped to defend its own interests against those of China and the US.
The New Geopolitics of Southeast Asia, from LSE IDEAS, a centre for the study of international affairs, features articles by academics from LSE and leading universities in Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines.
Although ASEAN represents a market of over half a billion people, with a combined GDP growth currently double the global average, the report argues that its consensual approach to fostering regional economic integration leaves it unable to lead in the task of forging a regional strategy, meaning that Southeast Asian states risk becoming pawns in a geopolitical clash between the two superpowers. It therefore requires reform and renewal to enable it to serve as a third pole in the new geopolitics of Southeast Asia, with the capacity and authority to stand up to China and the US. More
Energy and the Economy: the 2030 outlook for UK businesses
Five years into the financial crisis, the uncertainties go beyond economics to social trends, environmental concerns and technology. How will Britain’s demographics change? When will renewable energy get cheaper? What might be the impact of different policy developments?
RWE npower commissioned Professor Sam Fankhauser, co-director of LSE's Grantham Research Institute, and his colleague Dr Alex Bowen, to explore three alternative scenarios for how these issues could affect UK energy in 2030.
The scenarios range from a recovered Eurozone to economic stagnation and the report suggests ways for UK businesses to prepare for this uncertain future, including focusing on energy efficiency, making energy management a senior management issue and taking advantage of self generation opportunities. It was commissioned via LSE Enterprise.
To read the report, click here.
Financial institutions are increasingly investing in programmes to understand and manage their risk cultures, finds new report
Despite near universal agreement that the organisational risk culture of banks and other financial institutions (BOFIs) played a major role in the global financial crisis, a new report has found that there is still no clear consensus on how such risk cultures can be effectively managed. Yet there is considerable activity and BOFIs are now starting to identify ways of making risk culture more visible and manageable.
Risk Culture in Financial Organisations: an interim report, published by LSE and University of Plymouth, looks at how BOFIs have sought to address the problems of risk culture identified in the fallout of the financial crisis.
The authors interviewed 15 corporate risk officers and senior managers from nine major financial organisations. Their answers indicate that although risk culture is difficult to render manageable, change programmes are underway and companies are experimenting in varying ways. More
American voters value honesty over strength in future president
Americans look for honesty over strength when voting for a president, according to research from LSE.
A unique electoral psychology research initiative, led by Dr Michael Bruter and Dr Sarah Harrison, reveals that 32 per cent of American voters rank honesty as the most important quality they would like to see in a future president. The next most highly ranked quality was ‘intelligence’, which was selected by 31 per cent of voters. ‘Common sense’ and ‘experience’ were chosen by nine per cent and ‘strength’ by just seven per cent.
Two thousand Americans were surveyed between 20-24 October as part of the initiative. They will be re-interviewed just after the election in an attempt to understand what goes on in the mind of voters and the importance of their personality, memory and emotions in their vote.
The survey results revealed that 29 per cent of respondents reported that they had previously changed their mind about who to vote for on the day of a presidential election. Previous research by the initiative suggests that 20-30 per cent of voters will change their minds or finalise their decision about who to vote for between now and the time they vote. More
Promoting inclusive practice in mathematics and statistics
Meena Kotecha (pictured), a teacher in the departments of Management and Statistics at LSE, has published an article which describes a teaching approach which she designed, the student-centred teaching approach, which maximises student participation and enhances students’ learning experiences in undergraduate mathematics and statistics courses.
The article, Promoting Inclusive Practice in Mathematics and Statistics, was published in the National Association of Disability Practitioners’ Journal of Inclusive Practice in Further and Higher Education.
In the article, Meena aims to address issues arising from neurodiversity identified with students’ specific learning differences that are possibly manifestations of their negative attitudes towards mathematics and statistics. These differences influence the student’s abilities to learn in normal learning environments by conventional methods, and may be either because of previous unpleasant experiences of engaging with the subjects or other contributory factors such as specific learning differences. Further, based on Meena’s experience described in the article, it is proposed that students who identify with Asperger Syndrome may benefit from her approach.
The article reports on how positively Meena’s approach has contributed towards improving students’ perceptions of mathematics and statistics. A copy of the article can be found at meenakotecha.wordpress.com/papers-and-articles-in-publications.