The Empire's Back in Town: or America's Imperial Temptation - Again
Abstract: A version of this paper was first presented at the London School of Economics as part of the Miliband lecture series. I would like to thank Professor David Held - a staunch supporter - for having invited me to give the lecture, the audience who turned up on what turned out to be a fine LSE occasion, the two anonymous referees for this article, and the Board of Millennium.
Towards an Integral Perspective on World Politics: Secularism, Sovereignty and the Challenge of Global Ecology
Abstract: Modernity's emblematic faith in technology, the doctrine of progress, the centrality of instrumental reason, the sanctity of individual freedom, the denial of the sacred - all of these have been suggested as sources of an environmentally destructive cultural tendency. The common ground uniting all of these beliefs is the secular worldview, a historically specific story about reduction of reality to matter, the triumph of human reason over the vagaries of nature, and the colonization of space and time by material progress. Rather than reverting to a pre-modern worldview or promoting a deconstructive postmodernism that would reduce all worldviews to mere discourse, I draw upon the neglected understandings of evolutionary idealism to move towards a new story. Starting with the premise that consciousness is ontologically prior to action, I draw upon the works of G.W.F. Hegel, Sri Aurobindo, Jean Gebser and Ken Wilber to trace the outlines of an alternative metaphysic to secularism. The integral worldview, which understands history as Spirit in the process of becoming, offers such an alternative, one that moves beyond but also includes the secular story within its scope.
Deleuze's War Machine: Nomadism Against the State
Abstract: This article contributes to an emerging body of post-structuralist international relations scholarship that focuses upon the core problematic of international relations theory: war. While existing post-structuralist treatments of war have generally derived their inspiration from the work of Foucault and Virilio, this article focuses specifically upon the ideas of Gilles Deleuze. In particular, it deals with Deleuze's arguments upon the nature of the relation between war and the state, detailing how he uses this debate to take issue with Foucault's concept of power. As I argue, the role of the concept of war within Deleuze's philosophy is comparable with that of the concept of desire. Further, I demonstrate how Deleuze's thesis on the relationship between war and the state is influenced by Nietzsche's discourse on war, and how it serves to undermine arguments that equate Nietzsche's concept of war with that of fascism.
Keynesianism as a Constructivist Theory of International Political Economy
Abstract: In recent years, the development of a constructivist theory of international economic cooperation has been impeded by the persistent influence of classical assumptions that cast monetary structures as essentially material and treat state and societal interests in economic cooperation as exogenous to interaction. In this paper, I counter that a truly constructivist approach to the study of the international political economy must be based on more socialised Keynesian assumptions, which recognise that socially constructed 'conventions' give meaning to economic incentives and thereby shape state and societal interests. I further offer an explicitly Keynesian-constructivist theory of monetary interests in cooperation, arguing that such an approach would subsume approaches that obscure the potential emergence of state or societal interests in co-operation.