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London School of Economics and Political Science
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in Sardinia House (SAR)

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Dr Paul Stock

Associate Professor of Early Modern International History 1500-1850

Other Titles: LSE-Columbia University Double MSc in International and World History Programme Director
Research Interests: 18th- and 19th-Century Intellectual History
Room: SAR.2.15
Tel: +44 (0)20 7955 6039

I specialise in the intellectual and cultural history of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Very broadly, my research and teaching interests encompass: the history of the idea of Europe, the Enlightenment; Romanticism; travel and travel writing; the history of ‘racial’ thought; the history of cartography; and the ‘spatial turn’ in the humanities.

More specifically, my work engages with three inter-related themes. For more details, please see my list of publications:

The History of the Idea of Europe

My principal field is the history of the idea of Europe, especially in late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Britain. My first book, The Shelley-Byron Circle and the Idea of Europe (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), ) investigates how the titular authors and their intellectual circle understood ‘Europe’ in geographical, political and ideological terms, whilst also using other contemporary documents – newspapers, treaties, travel books – to locate their reflections within the wider context of early nineteenth-century Britain. In addition, the book questions the conventional association of Romanticism with emerging nationalism; it argues instead that key figures in the Romantic movement were preoccupied by explicitly international and transnational themes. Consequently the book provides a richer way to understand the development of identity politics in the period.

My current major research project, which received substantial funding from the British Academy, also focuses on the history of the idea of Europe. The project uses geographical and historical works, reference books, and maps to analyse the state of popular ‘geographical knowledge’ in the period 1760-1830. In doing so, it establishes how ordinary literate Britons understood European geography, politics, culture and history in this especially tumultuous and formative period. Importantly, the project addresses questions which have both historical significance and contemporary relevance. For example, what geographical, political, social, or racial ideas facilitate ideas about European unity or division? Where are the boundaries of Europe, and how should they be represented? These questions are especially important given current political and ideological controversy about both the future direction of Europe and Britain’s relationship with other European states. I am currently working on a book which will explore the history of these issues and allow us to understand more clearly the trajectory of (early) modern British thought about ‘Europe’.

Spatial History

I am also interested in broad methodological questions, particularly the so-called ‘spatial turn’ in the humanities and social sciences. What new perspectives can the spatial turn offer? How can it be used to understand the societies, cultures, and mentalities of the past? My book The Uses of Space in Early Modern History (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015), sets out to answer these questions. In the volume, leading historians discuss the uses of space in two respects: how spatial concepts can be employed by or applied to the study of history, and how spaces and spatial ideas were used for practical and ideological purposes in specific periods. The book incorporates a comprehensive range of disciplines concerned with space and history – archaeology, social history, intellectual history, imperial history, geography, and cartography – allowing for a broad variety of case studies and perspectives.

My graduate course HY469: Maps, History and Power: The Spaces and Cultures of the Past stems from my interest in space. The course explores how various European and non-European cultures from the medieval to the modern periods used maps both to understand the world around them, and to serve practical and ideological purposes: for instance, to express religious belief, to aid commercial interests, to assert cultural superiority, and to enable state formation or imperial control.

Real-and-Imagined Travel

Finally, I work on the history of travel and travel writing. Using some of the insights of the ‘spatial turn’, I have begun writing about ‘real-and-imagined’ travel. I am interested in how material and other contextual circumstances can give rise to certain imaginings, and how those perspectives help shape the construction and experience of actual sites and journeys. The advantage of this approach is that allows us to study both the physical and the rhetorical aspects of travel experiences, as well as the symbiotic relationship between them. My main case-study so far on this topic has been philhellenic travel to Greece during the War of Independence: see my article ‘The Real-and-Imagined Spaces of Philhellenic Travel’, European Review of History – Revue européenne d’histoire (2013).

My undergraduate course HY323: Travel, Pleasure and Politics: The European Grand Tour 1670-1825 derives from my research on travel and travel writing. The course explores the motivations, preconceptions, activities and attitudes of the Grand Tourists, showing how they shaped the modern tourist industry in both practical and ideological terms.

Career before LSE

Before I joined LSE, I was Lecturer in Eighteenth- and Nineteenth-Century Culture and Literature at Birkbeck, and Teaching Fellow in European Studies at UCL. I also held a British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship in Intellectual History at LSE immediately prior to my permanent appointment. I have taught widely in several disciplines and sub-fields, including cultural history, intellectual history, political history, political theory, literary studies, and visual culture.

Dr Paul Stock teaches the following courses:

At undergraduate level:

HY118: Faith, Power and Revolution: Europe and the Wider World, c.1500-c.1800 (jointly taught with other members of the Department)

HY323: Travel, Pleasure and Politics: The European Grand Tour 1670-1825

At postgraduate level:

HY469: Maps, History and Power: The Spaces and Cultures of the Past

Dr Stock supervises the following PhD students:

Research Student Provisional Thesis Title
Max Skjönsberg (2016-17) Concepts of Party in Eighteenth-century British Political Thought


Articles & Chapters

Review Essays

Many of these publications are available to download for free via the above links.


Watch Dr Paul Stock talk about his courses, how they are structured and how students can benefit from taking them in order to better understand the world we live in today.

HY323: Travel, Pleasure and Politics

HY469: Maps, History and Power

Videos recorded in May 2016 and May 2015, respectively.


Watch Dr Paul Stock introducing students to various one-year postgraduate programmes. These include MScs in Empires, Colonialism and Globalisation; History of International Relations; and Theory and History of International Relations. The programmes cover the history of international relations and explore how it affects the global economy. Prospective applicants should have any undergraduate degree with a good academic score. Successful students find work in the government, NGOs, museums, archives and libraries, and also in academia.

Interview recorded and hosted by Postgraduate Research in 2013/2014
Watch Paul Stock on "What Going on Holiday Says about Us”

What's your summer holiday got to do with the European Grand Tour? In a LSE Research video, Dr Paul Stock looks at how the Grand Tour of the 17th, 18th and 19th century has helped to define holidaymaking today. He contends that the history of going on holiday reveals important things about us, not least the UK’s complicated relationship with Europe. Watch it here.

Video reacorded in 2016.

All information accurate at time of recording.


Dr Paul Stock on "What is Europe?" at British Academy Conference "Europen Union and Disunion"

On 4 November, Dr Stock gave a talk at the British Academy conference, "European Union and Disunion: What Has Held Europeans Together and What is Dividing Them?". The conference explored some of the drawn-out narratives and sentiments that at different times have aided or compromised the imagining and workings of Europe. It also engaged with and unpacked some of the constitutive stories of identity and meaning that in the past and present have helped to bring together and divide Europeans. The speakers included, among others, Professor Linda Colley (Princeton University), Professor Sir Ian Kershaw (University of Sheffield), Dr Kylie Murray (University of Cambridge), Baroness O’Neill of Bengarve (University of Cambridge), Professor Dame Helen Wallace (The British Academy) and Professor Patrick Wright (King’s College London). Dr Paul Stock addressed the question, “What is Europe? Place, Idea, Action”.


Watch Dr Stock's talk

Event with Dr Paul Stock: "Britain and Europe: Culture, Country or Continent?"

On 15 June 2016, Dr Paul Stock took part in a panel discussion hosted by the Legatum Institute's 'Roads to Freedom' Series on "Britain and Europe: Culture, Country or Continent?" Ahead of the UK’s forthcoming EU Referendum, the panel analysed Britain's relationship with continental Europe in the context of a thousand years of history. Other speakers included, Patricia Clavin, Professor of International History, University of Oxford; Sir Simon Mayall, Senior Advisor, Greenhill and Co; Legatum Fellow and Brendan Simms, Professor of the History of International Relations, University of Cambridge. The discussion was moderated by Hywel Williams, Senior Adviser, Legatum Institute.

Watch video interview

Dr Paul Stock Wins 2016 LSE Teaching Award

On 11 May 2016, Dr Paul Stock was awarded an LSE Teaching Promotion Award at the 2016 LSE Teaching Awards Celebration.