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Regional and Global Axes of Conflict

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This component of the research considered state fragility in relation to regional and global axes.The ways in which states are connected to each other through regional and broader international systems has had a profound impact on patterns of state resilience and state fragility in the developing world. In order to study how regional and global institutions affect processes of state collapse and reconstruction  the Centre initiated a comparative research project under the direction of Dr Laurie Nathan at University of Cape Town. This project sought to answer the question: What factors determine the effectiveness of regional organisations in relation to regional security and the prevention, management and resolution of violent conflict?

The project began by commissioning a number of case studies on regional bodies and went on to undertake a comparative analysis around cross-cutting themes. The project case studies were ASEAN (The Association of South East Asian Nations); ECOWAS (The Economic Community of West African States); EU (The European Union); IGAD (The Intergovernmental Authority on Development); OAS (The Organisation of American States); SAARC (The South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation); SADC (The Southern African Development Community) and SCO (The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation). The countries included in each regional organisation can be seen on the map below.

Map of Regional Organisations

Integrative Paper on this research component:
WP81.2 'The Peacemaking Effectiveness of Regional Organisations'

Working Papers:
WP73.2 ''A Pariah in Our Midst: regional organisations and the problematic of Western-designated pariah regimes - the cases of SADC/Zimbabwe and ASEAN/Myanmar'
WP59.2 'Peacemaking in the Midst of War: an assessment of IGAD's contribution to regional security'
WP57.2 'The African Union as Security Actor'
WP56.2 'African Sub-regional Organisations: seamless web or patchwork?
WP52.2 'Regional Arrangements and Security Challenges'
WP49.2 'Conflict Early Warning and Response Mechanisms: tools for enhancing the effectiveness of regional organisations? a comparative study of the AU, ECOWAS, IGAD, ASEAN/ARF and PIF'
DP16 'Building an Effective African Standby Force to Promote African Stability, conflict resolution and prosperity'
WP 48.2 'Stupid and Expensive? a critique of the costs-of-violence literature'
WP 47.2 'The Tormented Triangle: the regionalisation of conflict in Sudan, Chad and Central African Republic'
WP 45.2 'Nothing but Failure? the Arab League and the Gulf Cooperation Council as Mediators in Middle Eastern Conflicts'
WP 39.2 'The SCO: A Regional Organisation in the Making'
WP 38.2 'The UN Peacebuilding Commission and the Dissemination of International Norms'
WP 34.2 'Does the Organisation of American States matter?'
WP 33.2 'Regional Organisations and Conflict Management: comparing ASEAN and SAARC'
WP 31.2 'Anti-Imperialism Trumps Human Rights: South Africa's Approach to the Darfur Conflict'
WP 30.2 'European Security: the Role of the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe'
WP 29.2 ' European Security: the Role of the European Union'
WP 20.2 'RoboWar? Dreams: global south urbanisation and the US Military's 'Revolution in Military Affairs'
WP 13.2 'The Regionalist Project in Central Asia: unwilling playmates'
WP 5.2 'No Ownership, No Peace: the Darfur Peace Agreement'
OP 5 'Domestic Ownership or Foreign Control? a content analysis of poverty reduction strategy papers from eight countries'
OP 3 'Sudan: international dimensions to the state and its crisis'

Related publications:
'Courting Conflict: Justice, Peace and the ICC in Africa'
  'Local Ownership of Security Sector Reform: a guide for donors'