Land Conflicts in Dar es Salaam: who gains? who loses?
Author: Wilbard Kombe
Date: October 2010
This paper addresses the issue of land acquisition for public use in Tanzania. Three cases are examined in order to explore how social, institutional and economic processes and interests interact to generate conflict and what attempts have been made to resolve this. One of the most valuable lesson drawn is that the processes involved in land acquisition for public use may result in unintended and undesirable negative consequences and grievances triggering conflicts between government and landowners, unless they are supported by clear, institutionalised and inclusive protocols/ The author argues that policy and legislative reform is necessary in order to review the current top-down approaches to compulsory land acquisition practices and to institutionalise dialogue as a key strategy when acquiring, as well as putting in place reliable mechanisms for the funding fair and prompt compensation. Mandatory provision of land for resettlement and the maintaining of standards of living are also critical considerations.
The author is a professor at ARDHI university in Tanzania.
This research is also published in The International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, Vol.2: issue 1&2, pp 45-63.