A Human Security Doctrine for Europe

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In 2004, the study group on Europe's security capabilities, convened by Professor Mary Kaldor, proposed A Human Security Doctrine for Europe|. It argued that in order to implement the European Security Strategy, Europe needs military forces to be configured and used in new ways. The Doctrine consists of seven principles and the capabilities required to apply those principles in practice - a human security response force and a new legal framework. The Study Group presented its report to EU Secretary-General Javier Solana in Barcelona on 15 September 2004. 

In 2006, the Finnish Presidency of the EU asked the Study Group to look at ways of taking forward a Human Security agenda within the European Union - see the Madrid Report of the Human Security Study Group: A European Way of Security|.

EU-Russia Dialogue

The Human Security Study Group was asked by then High Representative Javier Solana to establish an expert dialogue on EU-Russia security in response to President Medvedev's call in 2008 for a new European security conference to rethink the relationship between Russia and the European Union. The dialogue was intended as an exploratory exchange of views to identify key concepts and ideas towards rethinking the security relationship between Russia and the EU, and was formally launched in November 2009 with Javier Solana at a meeting in Madrid hosted by the Spanish Government. The discussions resulted in a report that has now been published as Helsinki Plus: Towards a Human Security Architecture for Europe.|

The report argues that human security is the concept that encompasses the three baskets of Helsinki and shows how a human security approach could be applied to the difficult issues that are at the heart of the Russia-EU relationship: conflict, energy security, arms control, non-traditional threats and the financial crisis. It further argues that a common human security approach could facilitate 'modernisation' in both Russia and the EU. The report was presented to the Spanish EU Presidency in June 2010 and since then it has been launched in Moscow (November 2010), and in London at the LSE (December 2010). 

EU-US Dialogue
In January 2011, a workshop was held with the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) in Washington DC in order to explore possibilities for convening a transatlantic dialogue about rethinking security. The aim is to introduce some of our human security thinking into the mainstream American debate and, in particular, to explore how it relates to doctrines of counterinsurgency and stabilisation. 

As part of the EU-US dialogue, we are exploring potential partnerships with other US institutions, such as the National Defense University in Washington DC, which has expressed interest in our work on complex operations, and the US Naval Academy in Newport Rhode Island, which is investigating the changing nature of war.

Essential reading

The European Union and Human Security

The European Union and Human Security: External interventions and missions.
|Martin, Mary and Mary Kaldor (eds) (2009).

Reflections on Globalisation

Human Security: Reflections on Globalization and Intervention
|Kaldor, Mary (2007).
Cambridge: Polity Press.

Human security a new strategic narrative for Europe

Human security: a new strategic narrative for Europe
|Kaldor, Mary, Mary Martin and Sabine Selchow (2007).
International Affairs 83(2).