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Department of International Development
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London School of Economics and Political Science
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Publications

The most recent publications from the department are listed below. Details of older publications are available via the archive pages (left menu) or our staff profile pages.

Nature Reviews

Drug patenting in India: Looking back and looking forward

Shadlen, Kenneth C. and Bhaven N. Sampat,
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 14 (2015).

Open access.

This paper contrasts two different explanations for patterns of patenting in India. The authors undertake a straightforward empirical exercise to draw attention to the importance of the transitional decisions made in the 1990s. They underscore why the effects of these decisions will diminish as the 1990s recede further and further into the past, and discuss how the relationship between these two sets of issues is likely to change over time.

 
Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding, Routledge

Intervention at Risk: the vicious cycle of distance and danger in Mali and Afghanistan

Andersson, Ruben, and Florian Weigand,
Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding (2015).

Open access.

In crisis-hit countries, intensive risk management increasingly characterizes the presence of international interveners, with measures ranging from fortified compounds to ‘remote programming’. This article investigates the global drive for ‘security’ from an ethnographic perspective, focusing on Afghanistan and Mali. By deploying the concepts of distance and proximity, the article shows how frontline ‘outsourcing’ and bunkering have generated an unequal ‘risk economy’ while distancing interveners from local society in a trend that itself generates novel risks.

 

The Impact of Cash Transfers on Local Economies

Levy, Stephanie (ed),
Policy in Focus, IPC (2015).

In this special edition, leading authors and practitioners present accessible research on how cash transfers in developing countries can impact the local economy. The aim is to gather and review results and evidence obtained from various methodologies as applied on small-scale programmes to larger-scale policies in Latin America, Africa and South-East Asia. The economic impact of social transfers is analysed here through their effects on investment, productivity, prices, employment and trade.

American Ethnologist

Violence, legitimacy, and prophecy: Nuer struggles with uncertainty in South Sudan

Pendle, Naomi, and Sharon Hutchinson,
American Ethnologist (2015).

Contemporary South Sudanese Nuer prophets play powerful roles in interpreting the moral limits of lethal violence and weighing the legitimacy claims of rival government leaders. Their activities remain largely invisible to external observers investigating the making and unmaking of fragile states. Focusing on South Sudan's tumultuous 2005-14 period, we reveal these hidden dynamics through analysis of the two most-powerful living western Nuer prophets.

 
Stability Journal

From Military to 'Security Interventions': An alternative approach to contemporary interventions

Kaldor, Mary, and Sabine Selchow,
Stability (2015).

In both academic and policy circles international interventions tend to mean ‘military’ interventions and debates tend to focus on whether such interventions are ‘good’ or ‘bad’ in general. This article aims to open up scholarly engagement on the topic of the thorny reality of interventions in different contexts by reconceptualising international interventions as ‘security interventions.’

The Research Gap in Syria: individual and collective security in 'rebel-held' territories

Ali, Ali,
Stability (2015).

This paper examines security in Syria through the conceptual lens of the security gap, understood as the gap between security practices and objectives which have implications for individual and collective security. It compares the security situation in so-called ‘rebel-held’ areas of Syria where alternative governance structures have emerged.

Does Security Imply Safety? On the (lack of) correlation between different aspects of security

Rigterink, Anouk,
Stability (2015).

This paper investigates to what extent different aspects of security correlate. It distinguishes four concepts covered by the term ‘security’: technical safety, perceived safety, technical security and perceived security. It is shown that these concepts need not correlate conceptually. Furthermore, the paper shows empirically that these concepts correlate weakly in two cases, which has implications for policy and research.

 
Studies In Comparative International Development

Intellectual Property, Access to Medicines, and Health

Shadlen, Ken, and Nitsan Chorev (eds),
Studies in Comparative International Development, 50.2 (2015).

This introduction reviews the literature on intellectual property rights and access to medicines, identifying two distinct generations of research. The first generation analyzes the origins of new intellectual property rules, in particular the World Trade Organization’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), and the significance of TRIPS to developing countries. The second generation examines national-level experiences, as countries adjust their laws, and practices to conform to TRIPS. The editors review the contributions to this special edition and contribute to the second generation by considering issues based on the insights provided by these essays.

 
Public Administration And Development

Dilemmas in Donor Design: Organisational Reform and the Future of Foreign Aid Agencies

Gulrajani, Nilima
Public Administration and Development, 35.2 (2015).

With growing uncertainty over the value and impact of traditional bilateral foreign aid to advance development in poor countries, there is disquiet about the future of national public agencies and ministries with responsibility for managing and delivering international assistance. This article is an attempt to present current controversies about donor governance and offer guidance for resolving current dilemmas by exploring the potential contributions of public administration.

 
Alex de Waal (ed.), Advocacy In Conflict

Advocacy in Conflict

de Waal, Alex (ed),
Zed Books (2015).

Conflicts in Africa, Asia and Latin America have become a common focus of advocacy by Western celebrities and NGOs. This provocative volume delves into the realities of these efforts, which have often involved compromising on integrity in pursuit of profile and influence.

Examining the methods used by Western advocates, expert authors evaluate the successes and failures of past advocacy campaigns and offer constructive criticism of current efforts.

 
World Politics Journal

Neopatrimonialism and the Political Economy of Economic Performance in Africa: Critical Reflections

Mkandawire, Thandika,
World Politics (2015).

During the past two decades, neopatrimonialism has become the convenient, all purpose, and ubiquitous moniker for African governance. While it has long been a focus of development studies, in recent times it has assumed politically and economically exigent status. This article examines the empirical basis of predictions and policy prescriptions. It argues that while descriptive of the social practices of the states and individuals that occupy different positions within African societies, the concept of neopatrimonialism has little analytical content and no predictive value with respect to economic policy and performance.

 
Economy And Society

Neoliberalism as Concept

Venugopal, Rajesh,
Economy and Society, 44.2 (2015).

This paper evaluates the proliferation and expanded usage of the term 'neoliberalism' since the 1980s. It argues that neoliberalism has become a deeply problematic and incoherent term that has multiple and contradictory meanings, and thus has diminished analytical value. The paper also explores the limited usage of the term by non-economists to describe economic phenomena, and how this perpetuates the divide between economics and the rest of the social sciences.

 
African Affairs, Oxford Journals

The Political Economy of Grand Corruption in Tanzania

Gray, Hazel,
African Affairs (2015).

This article examines the political economy of grand corruption in Tanazia in the era of rapid growth and global integration. The dynamics of the conflicts within the ruling CCM party, and how elite politics interacts with socio-economic transformation, are not well understood. This article describes how the enduring control of the elite, plus a fragmented distribution of power, negate any attempts to stop grand corruption in Tanzania. Read the full article here >>

 
Third World Quarterly

Democracy, Development, and the Executive Presidency in Sri Lanka

Venugopal, Rajesh,
Third World Quarterly, 36.4 (2015).

This paper examines the developmental causes and consequences of the shift from a parliamentary to a semi-presidential system in Sri Lanka in 1978. Drawing on a wide range of sources, it argues that the executive presidency was born out of an elite impulse to create a more stable, centralised political structure to resist the welfarist electoral pressures that had taken hold in the post-independence period, and to pursue a market-driven model of economic growth.

 
Stability Journal

"And Then He Switched off the Phone": Mobile Phones, Participation and Political Accountability in South Sudan's Western Equatoria State

Schomerus, Mareike, and Anouk Rigterink,
Stability (2015).

Mareike Schomerus and Anouk Rigterink have investigated the impact of mobile phones in situations of political unrest or conflict. They propose a link between access to better communication structures and government accountability. Thus, mobile phones could play a positive role in building more accountable governments. They have written a précis of their research for the International Development blog.

The Politics, Practice and Paradox of "Ethnic Security" in Bosnia-Herzegovina

Bojicic-Dzelilovic, Vesna,
Stability (2015).

Vesna Bojicic-Dzelilovic has written on ‘The Politics, Practice and Paradox of ‘Ethnic Security’ in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Her paper contests that international intervention in the state was intended to support conflict resolution but instead it has contributed to an ‘ethnification’ of security which remains at the forefront of political discourse and practice.

 
development-and-change-2015

Human Development and Decent Work: Why some Concepts Succeed and Others Fail to Make an Impact

Sehnbruch, Kirsten, Brendan Burchell, Nurjk Agloni, Agnieszka Piasna,
Development and Change, 46.2 (2015).

In this article, Kirsten Sehnbruch and others examine the impact of the International Labour Organization's concept of Decent Work on development thinking. They contend that the United Nation Development Programme's Human Development concept has been one of the most successful development concepts ever to have been launched, while the impact of decent work by comparison has been limited.

 
Mary Kaldor and Sabine Selchow (eds), Subterranean Politics In Europe, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015

Subterranean Politics in Europe

Kaldor, Mary, and Sabine Selchow (eds),
Palgrave Macmillan (2015).

The demonstrations, occupations, and new political initiatives that emerged across Europe in 2011 and 2012 were a rare example of subterranean politics 'bubbling up' to the surface. Assumptions about how politics is carried out are changing, giving rise to serious challenges and obvious discomfort across established institutions.

Based on a multi-disciplinary, collaborative research project carried out across Europe, this volume investigates why this is occurring now, whether the current eruptions are different to previous periods of political upheaval, and what they tell us about the future of the European project.

Find out more about the volume here >> 

 
Tasha Fairfield - Private Wealth Public Revenue

Private Wealth and Public Revenue in Latin America

Fairfield, Tasha,
Cambridge University Press (2015).

Tasha Fairfield's latest book, Private Wealth and Public Revenue in Latin America: Business Power and Tax Politics, will be published by Cambridge University Press in February 2015. The book develops a theoretical framework that refines and integrates the classic concepts of business' instrumental (political) power and structural (investment) power to explain the scope and fate of tax initiatives targeting economic elites in Latin America after economic liberalization. Read more >>

An article co-authored with Michel Jorratt (Director of the Chilean tax agency) is also forthcoming in The Review of Income and Wealth journal. Their data has been cited by Thomas Piketty on a high-profile trip to Chile following the country's major tax reform last year. You can see more in this Spanish article from the Chilean newspaper, Diario Financiero.

 
Manisha Priyam, Contested Politics of Educational Reform in India (Oxford, 2015)

Contested Politics of Educational Reform in India

Priyam, Manisha,
Oxford University Press (2015).

Manisha Priyam, who completed her PhD at LSE in 2012, will publish her first monograph through Oxford University Press in 2015. Based on her doctoral thesis, which can be found here, the book is titled Contested Politics of Educational Reform in India: Aligning Opportunities with Interests. You can also see a précis of Manisha's research on 'India at LSE'. Read more >>

 
China Quarterly Journal

Shall we dance? Welfarist Incorporation and the Politics of State-Labour NGO Relations in China

Howell, Jude,
The China Quarterly, 221 (2015).

State-labour NGO relations in China have been particularly fraught. In 2012 these took an interesting twist, as some local governments made overtures to labour NGOs to co-operate in providing services to migrant workers. This article argues that this shift is part of a broader strategy of 'welfarist incorporation' to redraw the social contract between state and labour. There are two key elements to this: first, a relaxation of the registration regulations for social organisations; second, governmental purchasing of services from social organisations. These overtures have both a state and market logic to maintain social control and stabilise relations of production. Read the full article here >>

 
 
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