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Dr Hazel Gray

LSE Fellow
Department of International Development

Dr Hazel Gray, Research Fellow in International DevelopmentBiography

Hazel’s research interests concern the political economy of development. In particular, her research explores the political economy of the state, industrial policy and economic development in Africa and the comparative legacies of socialism in Tanzania and Vietnam for economic transition under liberalisation.

Hazel holds a PhD and MSc from SOAS, University of London, and a degree in politics, philosophy and economics from the University of Oxford.

She worked for three years as an economist at the Ministry of Finance in Tanzania and has undertaken consultancy for a number of national and international development agencies on issues of governance, aid, financing of HIV/AIDs responses in developing countries and public financial management.

Research Interests

  • Political economy of development,
  • Industrial policy and economic development in Africa,
  • Governance and economic development,
  • Political economy of transition in Tanzania and Vietnam.



Economic Development and the Legacies of Socialism: Tanzania and Vietnam Compared (Oxford University Press, forthcoming).

Book Chapters

‘Good Governance and Growth in Africa: What can we learn from Tanzania?' in V. Padayachaee (ed.), The Political Economy of Africa (London: Routledge, 2010) (with Mushtaq Khan).


'Access Orders and the 'New' New Institutional Economics of Development', Development and Change (forthcoming).

'The political economy of grand corruption in Tanzania', African Affairs (forthcoming).

'Industrial Policy in Tanzania Since Independence: Aspects of Continuity and Change', Review of African Political Economy, 40.136 (2013), 185-201.

Working Papers

'Reframing African political economy: clientelism, rents and accumulation as drivers of capitalist transformation', LSE International Development Working Paper Series, No. 159 (2014) (with Lindsay Whitfield).

'What is new in North’s Limited Access Theories of Development?' (mimeo, 2013).

'New Directions in Research on Industrial Policy In Africa: A Critical Survey' (mimeo, 2013).

'Land Reform and the Legacies of Socialism in Tanzania' (mimeo, 2013).

Policy Reports and Publications

Economic transformation in the making: going beyond growth’ In: Tanzania Human Development Report 2014: Economic Transformation for Human Development. Ministry of Finance, UNDP, Economic and Social Research Foundation, Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania, Chapter 2, 22-44. ISBN 9789987770007 (http://esrf.or.tz/docs/THDR2014-Main.pdf).

‘Governance for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence and New Directions Reviewed’. Background paper for the DFID/World Bank Conference on Governance for Economic Growth in Developing Countries: What Matters and Can We Measure It?  June 2007. Available at www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/RET422.pdf 

‘State Weakness in Developing Countries and Strategies of Institutional Reform – Operational Implications for Anti-Corruption Policy and A Case Study of Tanzania’. Mushtaq Khan and Hazel Gray for DFID, UK, September 2006. Available at: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/50337/

Book Reviews

Michael F. Lofchie, The Political Economy of Tanzania: Decline and Recovery (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014), The Journal of Modern Africa Studies, 53 (2015), pp. 257-8. DOI:10.1017/S0022278X15000282.

David Booth and Diana Cammack, Governance for Development in Africa: Solving Collective Action Problems (London: Zed Books, 2013), Journal of Development Studies, 50.9 (2014), 1323-4. ISSN 0022-0388.

Contact Details

Telephone: +44 (0)207 107 5425

Email: h.s.gray@lse.ac.uk