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Dr Hazel Gray

Hazel’s research interests concern the political economy of development. In particular, her research explores the political economy of the state, industrial policy and economic development in Africa and the comparative legacies of socialism in Tanzania and Vietnam for economic transition under liberalisation. She holds a PhD and MSc from SOAS, University of London, and a degree in politics, philosophy and economics from the University of Oxford. She worked for three years as an economist at the Ministry of Finance in Tanzania and has undertaken consultancy for a number of national and international development agencies on issues of governance, aid, financing of HIV/AIDs responses in developing countries and public financial management.

Research interests

  • Political economy of development
  • Industrial policy and economic development in Africa
  • Governance and economic development
  • Political economy of transition in Tanzania and Vietnam




Economic Development and the Legacies of Socialism: Tanzania and Vietnam Compared (contracted to Oxford University Press expected publication 2014)

Book Chapters

‘Good Governance and Growth in Africa: What can we learn from Tanzania? (2010) In V. Padayachaee ed. The Political Economy of Africa,London:Routledge  (with Mushtaq Khan)


Industrial Policy in Tanzania Since Independence: Aspects of Continuity and Change Review of African Political Economy Vol 41, Issue 136, 2013

Tanzania’s Political Settlement and the Limits of ‘Good Governance’ Reforms in Public Finances (revise and resubmit African Affairs)

Working Papers


What is new in North’s Limited Access Theories of Development? (mimeo, 2013)


New Directions in Research on Industrial Policy In Africa: A Critical Survey (mimeo, 2013)

Land Reform and the Legacies of Socialism in Tanzania (mimeo, 2013)


Consultancy Reports


‘Governance for Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction: Empirical Evidence and New Directions Reviewed’. Background paper for the DFID/World Bank Conference on Governance for Economic Growth in Developing Countries: What Matters and Can We Measure It?  June 2007. Available at www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/RET422.pdf| 

‘State Weakness in Developing Countries and Strategies of Institutional Reform – Operational Implications for Anti-Corruption Policy and A Case Study of Tanzania’. Mushtaq Khan and Hazel Gray for DFID, UK, September 2006. Available at: