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LSE IDEAS Reports


Our research papers offer in-depth analysis, including special reports, which feature multiple contributions from academic and professional experts, and reports produced by IDEAS projects.

LSE IDEAS brings together young and old, theorists and practitioners, business and government, and people from every continent and background. IDEAS is where ideas grow.

Sir Robert Cooper, former UK & EU diplomat

Latest reports:

The Dahrendorf Foresight Project "European Security 2030"
September 2019

The Dahrendorf Foresight Project „European Security in 2030” brought together experts from 12 countries to look into the future, engaging in strategic and systematic conversation about the drivers of European security in the decade ahead. 

Five Years After Maidan: Towards A Greater Eurasia?
May 2019

This report evaluates the challenges and opportunities facing Russia's 'Greater Eurasia' foreign policy concept.

Ireland-UK Relations and Northern Ireland after Brexit (second edition)
April 2019

Brexit has rudely interrupted Irish-British reconciliation. This report explores the impact of Brexit from an Irish perspective, explaining Europe’s role in improving Ireland-UK relations since 1970s and outlining the threat posed by Brexit to the political settlement in Northern Ireland. This is a second edition published in April 2019, with original contributions from February 2018.

 

All reports by date

The Dahrendorf Foresight Project "European Security 2030"
September 2019

The Dahrendorf Foresight Project „European Security in 2030” brought together experts from 12 countries to look into the future, engaging in strategic and systematic conversation about the drivers of European security in the decade ahead. 

Five Years After Maidan: Towards A Greater Eurasia?
May 2019

This report evaluates the challenges and opportunities facing Russia's 'Greater Eurasia' foreign policy concept.

Ireland-UK Relations and Northern Ireland after Brexit (second edition)
April 2019

Brexit has rudely interrupted Irish-British reconciliation. This report explores the impact of Brexit from an Irish perspective, explaining Europe’s role in improving Ireland-UK relations since 1970s and outlining the threat posed by Brexit to the political settlement in Northern Ireland. This is a second edition published in April 2019, with original contributions from February 2018. Read online / Download pdf

The Role of the European Union in the International Trade and Investment Order
April 2019

Steve Woolcock argues the EU will need to cooperate with like-minded countries to support an open, rules-based order. 

Less than Perfect: Some Brexit lessons for the EU
March 2019

In this Dahrendorf Forum policy brief, Benjamin Martill and Tim Oliver seek to identify those areas where the EU has been less than perfect in its treatment of Brexit to date.

Beyond Operation Sophia: What role for the military in migration policy?
March 2019

In this Dahrendorf Forum policy brief, Julia Himmrich argues the EU needs to reframe its overall approach to managing migration through the Mediterranean and strictly limit the roles assigned to the military to those it is suited to fulfil and outlines policy recommendations that would help the EU do so.

Is There a Populist Wave in Europe?
February 2019 

This Dahrendorf Forum commentary examines the rise of populist parties in Europe, and question the extent to which the recent success of populist parties is a singular phenomenon, or whether it is a result of parallel evolution.

Nuancing the Voter Landscape: Radical right and radical left constituencies in Europe
February 2019 

How do the voters of radical right and radical left parties compare? This Dahrendorf Forum working paper elaborates upon existing models by accounting for the effects of welfare chauvinism, identity, and culture.

People, Profits and Peace
February 2019 

This report presents the Human Security Business Partnership (HSBP) Framework and proposals for the private sector to work towards the achievement of the SDGs.

Beyond Regulation: Approaching the challenges of the new media environment

The spread of false information and hate speech has increased with the rise of social media. This Dahrendorf Forum working paper critically examines this phenomenon and suggests how policymakers across Europe could address the spread of fake news and hate speech in social media.

The Role of Fiscal Coordination and Partisanship in the Spanish Fiscal Federalist System: Lessons for European Union reforms

This Dahrendorf Forum working paper considers the possible lessons arising from the emerging federation in Spain for the European framework. It analyses the performance of Spain’s fiscal federalist framework with a special emphasis on its coordination and political relationship with the autonomous regions.

Cultures of Negotiation: Explaining Britain's hard bargaining in the Brexit negotiations

Drawing upon a series of elite interviews conducted in late 2017, this Dahrendorf Forum working paper argues that British hard bargaining is a consequence of three ideational factors particular to the UK case: the dominance of a conservative ideology of statecraft, a majoritarian institutional culture, and weak socialisation into European structures.

China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and Southeast Asia

In Southeast Asia, views of the Belt and Road Initiative range from admiration, to fear and suspicion. LSE IDEAS’ latest joint report with CARI points a path for leaders, revealing the impact, pitfalls, and opportunities for the region.

The Crisis of Global Politics: Perspectives from Continental Philosophy

Can the work of the great European philosophers help solve Europe's problems today? This report explores what we can learn from Heidegger, Arendt, and Anders about how to tackle populism, climate change, and technological change.

EU–UK Cooperation in CSDP After Brexit: Living apart together?

Brexit may, paradoxically, reinforce the need for closer EU–UK security and defence cooperation. This Dahrendorf Forum policy brief looks at the reasons why it is in the interest of both the EU and the UK to continue collaborating through the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).

The Future of the European Central Bank

The European Central Bank (ECB) is more important than ever to the European economy. Can governments control it? This report explores the need to make the ECB more transparent and democratically accountable to prevent the next Eurozone crisis. Read online / Download pdf 

Britain in the Post-Brexit European Security Architecture

Britain’s impending withdrawal from the EU raises important questions about the future of EU–UK security cooperation. This Dahrendorf Forum  policy brief explores the content and scope of European security cooperation after Brexit by analysing the respective strategies, institutional structures, and operational capabilities of the EU and the UK.

A ‘Hybrid Threat’? European militaries and migration

The military has become an important part of European responses to increased migration flows. This Dahrendorf Forum working paper explores the effectiveness and long term impact of military involvement in migration enforcement.

The UK's Foreign, Defence, and Security Policy After Brexit

This report summarises the discussion between a group of British politicians, senior officials and other experts assembled by the LSE IDEAS Global Strategies project in November 2017 to discuss the UK's foreign policy and military options after Brexit. Read online / Download pdf

Known Unknowns: EU foreign, security, and defence policy after Brexit

This Dahrendorf Forum Working Paper examines the future of EU foreign and defence policy after Brexit by asking: Will the UK reduce its European defence commitments? Will Brexit cause greater defence integration within the EU? And will the EU allow the UK a continuing European security and foreign policy role? 

From Deng to Xi: Economic Reform, the Silk Road, and the Return of the Middle Kingdom

This report explores the extent to which Deng's momentous economic reforms in 1978 have shaped modern China, what the country's expanded international role under Xi means, and who really makes Chinese foreign policy. Download pdf / Read online

Enhancing Decision Making in Foreign and Security Policy

In late 2016 thirty British politicians, officials and former officials, officers, and experts met to discuss ways in which the UK foreign policymaking leaves the country vulnerable to strategic errors. In this report, the group put forward practical ideas for improving decision making that are well within the reach of the UK’s current institutions and resources.

US, Russia, and the World: The Passing of Empires

In this Dahrendorf Forum report, former UK Ambassador to Russia Sir Rodric Braithwaite explores how recent American and European decline mirrors the collapse of the Soviet Union and what's next for NATO and Russia in a multipolar world order.

Hybrid Warfare in the Middle East

Distilled from discussions with senior British officials, academics, and current practitioners in the media, strategic communications, and cyber security, this report considers the hybrid warfare techniques of Daesh, Al Qaeda, the Taleban, and Iran, and makes specific suggestions on how the UK and other Western countries can better counter this threat.

New Challenges, New Voices: Next Generation Viewpoints on Transatlantic Relations

This report offers views on the future of transatlantic relations from scholars who are at the start of their careers, with European and US perspectives on what the future holds in defence, economics, values, and relations with emerging powers.

Changing Waters: Towards a new EU Asia Strategy

The EU-Asia relationship is changing, from development assistance to cooperation – and possibly competition. This report explores an overhaul of the EU's 2001 Asia Strategy, more important than ever in the context of Asian economic growth and the US 'pivot'.

Avoiding a New 'Cold War': The Future of EU-Russia Relations

The feeling that we are experiencing the emergence of a New ‘Cold War’ is increasingly creeping into European and Russian discourse. This report provides a series of clear policy recommendations on how to move from a deeply confrontational mind-set to a more cooperative one.

After the Drug Wars

The War on Drugs is over. In this report, the LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy sets out a framework for the future of international drug policy based on the Sustainable Development Goals.           

Investing for Influence: LSE Diplomacy Commission Report

What should be the purpose of British foreign policy? With the Foreign Office and diplomatic service under budgetary pressure, this report argues the UK should reassess its international role from first principles.

21st Century Power - Dislocation, Diffusion & Decay

This report examines how power is shifting, diffusing and decaying in the modern world from ‘smart power’ to digital power. Produced as part of Churchill 2015 - a 21st century statesmanship programme commemorating Churchill’s legacy.

The Geopolitics of Eurasian Economic Integration

The Eurasian region faces competing pressures  as the EU’s 'Eastern Neighbourhood' or as Russia’s 'Near Abroad'. This report analyses EU-Russian competition in Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia, Moldova, and Georgia including often overlooked domestic factors.

Ending the Drug Wars: Report of the LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy

In this report the LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy argue that it is time to end the ‘war on drugs’ and massively redirect resources towards effective evidence-based policies underpinned by rigorous economic analysis.

The Crisis of EU Enlargement

Enlargement is widely hailed as the EU’s most successful foreign policy tool, but now faces daunting challenges. This report looks at why enlargement has been successful in the past and how to integrate these lessons to develop a new strategy.

A Strategy for Southern Europe

This report examines the challenges confronting Southern Europe and seeks to explore the potential benefits the countries of the region could gain through closer cooperation in migration, maritime security, energy, and defence.

Emerging Powers in Africa 

Emerging powers are playing an increasingly consequential role in Africa. This report analyses China, Russia, India, Brazil, Turkey, and South Korea’s increasing roles on the continent. 

The New Geopolitics of Southeast Asia

Southeast Asian states risk becoming pawns in a geopolitical clash between two extra-regional superpowers. This report analyses how the states in the region are responding to the challenge posed by the strategic interests of the US and China in their geography and economy.

Governing the Global Drug Wars

Since 1909 the international community has worked to eradicate the abuse of narcotics. A century on, the efforts are widely acknowledged to have failed. How did this drug control system arise, why has it proven so durable in the face of failure, and is there hope for reform?

Europe in an Asian Century

This report, based on presentations at the Dahrendorf Symposium, explores how China looms large in Europe’s recovery from the crisis and is increasingly interested in Europe’s future for economic and wider strategic reasons.

China's Geoeconomic Strategy

This report assesses the economic bases of China’s foreign policy and the challenges the country faces as it makes the transition from rising power to superpower.

After the Arab Spring: Power Shift in the Middle East?

How far did the events of 2011 contest the fundamentals of social, economic and political organisation in the Arab world? This report assesses the uprisings in six countries and the impact on power shifts for the US, Iran, and Israel.

India: The Next Superpower?

Hillary Clinton called India "not just a regional power, but a global power". This report looks at India’s prospects as a great power from economic, military, environmental and soft power perspectives including issues such as democracy and corruption.

The Lessons of Northern Ireland

This report asks what we can learn from the history of peacebuilding in Northern Ireland, and critically assesses the applicability of the Northern Irish experience to contemporary counter-terrorism policy. Supported by the Airey Neave Trust and the LSE Annual Fund.

Turkey's Global Strategy

Analysing Turkish foreign policy beyond a pro or anti Western binary viewpoint, this report provides insight into the Justice and Development Party's (AKP) strategic thinking on relations with the EU, Greece, Iran, Syria, Iraq, the United States, and the Caucasus.

The Future of UK Foreign Policy

In this report a range of contributors, all with long and distinguished careers in British foreign policy, consider Britain’s role in the world in the broadest sense - identifying our core interests and the most appropriate capacities to secure them. 

Report topics: Drug Policy

After the Drug Wars

The War on Drugs is over. In this report, the LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy sets out a framework for the future of international drug policy based on the Sustainable Development Goals.

Ending the Drug Wars: Report of the LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy

In this report the LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy argue that it is time to end the ‘war on drugs’ and massively redirect resources towards effective evidence-based policies underpinned by rigorous economic analysis.

Governing the Global Drug Wars

Since 1909 the international community has worked to eradicate the abuse of narcotics. A century on, the efforts are widely acknowledged to have failed. How did this drug control system arise, why has it proven so durable in the face of failure, and is there hope for reform? (En Español)

Report topics: China

China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and Southeast Asia

In Southeast Asia, views of the Belt and Road Initiative range from admiration, to fear and suspicion. LSE IDEAS’ latest joint report with CARI points a path for leaders, revealing the impact, pitfalls, and opportunities for the region.

From Deng to Xi: Economic Reform, the Silk Road, and the Return of the Middle Kingdom

This report explores the extent to which Deng's momentous economic reforms in 1978 have shaped modern China, what the country's expanded international role under Xi means, and who really makes Chinese foreign policy. Download pdf / Read online

China's Geoeconomic Strategy

This report assesses the economic bases of China’s foreign policy and the challenges the country faces as it makes the transition from rising power to superpower.

Europe in an Asian Century

This report, based on presentations at the Dahrendorf Symposium, explores how China looms large in Europe’s recovery from the crisis and is increasingly interested in Europe’s future for economic and wider strategic reasons.

Report topics: British Foreign Policy

Britain in the Post-Brexit European Security Architecture

Britain’s impending withdrawal from the EU raises important questions about the future of EU–UK security cooperation. This Dahrendorf Forum policy brief explores the content and scope of European security cooperation after Brexit by analysing the respective strategies, institutional structures, and operational capabilities of the EU and the UK.

Ireland-UK Relations and Northern Ireland after Brexit

Brexit has rudely interrupted Irish-British reconciliation. This report explores the impact of Brexit from an Irish perspective, explaining Europe’s role in improving Ireland-UK relations since 1970s and outlining the threat posed by Brexit to the political settlement in Northern Ireland. Read online / Download pdf

The UK's Foreign, Defence, and Security Policy After Brexit

This report summarises the discussion between a group of British politicians, senior officials and other experts assembled by the LSE IDEAS Global Strategies project in November 2017 to discuss the UK's foreign policy and military options after Brexit. Read online / Download pdf

Enhancing Decision Making in Foreign and Security Policy

In late 2016 thirty British politicians, officials and former officials, officers, and experts met to discuss ways in which the UK foreign policymaking leaves the country vulnerable to strategic errors. In this report, the group put forward practical ideas for improving decision making that are well within the reach of the UK’s current institutions and resources. 

Investing for Influence: LSE Diplomacy Commission Report

What should be the purpose of British foreign policy? With the Foreign Office and diplomatic service under budgetary pressure, this report argues the UK should reassess its international role from first principles.

The Future of UK Foreign Policy

In this report a range of contributors, all with long and distinguished careers in British foreign policy, consider Britain’s role in the world in the broadest sense - identifying our core interests and the most appropriate capacities to secure them.

The Lessons of Northern Ireland

This report asks what we can learn from the history of peacebuilding in Northern Ireland, and critically assesses the applicability of the Northern Irish experience to contemporary counter-terrorism policy. Supported by the Airey Neave Trust and the LSE Annual Fund.

Report topics: Brexit

Less than Perfect: Some Brexit lessons for the EU

In this Dahrendorf Forum policy brief, Benjamin Martill and Tim Oliver seek to identify those areas where the EU has been less than perfect in its treatment of Brexit to date.

Cultures of Negotiation: Explaining Britain's hard bargaining in the Brexit negotiations

Drawing upon a series of elite interviews conducted in late 2017, this Dahrendorf Forum working paper argues that British hard bargaining is a consequence of three ideational factors particular to the UK case: the dominance of a conservative ideology of statecraft, a majoritarian institutional culture, and weak socialisation into European structures.

EU–UK Cooperation in CSDP After Brexit: Living apart together?

With increasing tensions between Russia and the West and uncertainty in the transatlantic relationship, the UK’s vote in June 2016 to exit the EU could not have come at a less convenient time. But Brexit may, paradoxically, reinforce the need for closer EU–UK security and defence cooperation. In this Dahrendorf Forum policy brief, An Jacobs and Sophie Vanhoonacker look at the reasons why it is in the interest of both the EU and the UK to continue collaborating through the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP).

Britain in the Post-Brexit European Security Architecture

Britain’s impending withdrawal from the EU raises important questions about the future of EU–UK security cooperation. This Dahrendorf Forum policy brief explores the content and scope of European security cooperation after Brexit by analysing the respective strategies, institutional structures, and operational capabilities of the EU and the UK.

Ireland-UK Relations and Northern Ireland after Brexit

Brexit has rudely interrupted Irish-British reconciliation. This report explores the impact of Brexit from an Irish perspective, explaining Europe’s role in improving Ireland-UK relations since 1970s and outlining the threat posed by Brexit to the political settlement in Northern Ireland. Read online / Download pdf

The UK's Foreign, Defence, and Security Policy After Brexit

This report summarises the discussion between a group of British politicians, senior officials and other experts assembled by the LSE IDEAS Global Strategies project in November 2017 to discuss the UK's foreign policy and military options after Brexit. Read online / Download pdf

Known Unknowns: EU foreign, security, and defence policy after Brexit

This Dahrendorf Forum Working Paper examines the future of EU foreign and defence policy after Brexit by asking: Will the UK reduce its European defence commitments? Will Brexit cause greater defence integration within the EU? And will the EU allow the UK a continuing European security and foreign policy role?

See also Strategic Updates on Brexit.

Report topics: Russia

US, Russia, and the World: The Passing of Empires

In this Dahrendorf Forum report, former UK Ambassador to Russia Sir Rodric Braithwaite explores how recent American and European decline mirrors the collapse of the Soviet Union and what's next for NATO and Russia in a multipolar world order.

Avoiding a New 'Cold War': The Future of EU-Russia Relations

The feeling that we are experiencing the emergence of a New ‘Cold War’ is increasingly creeping into European and Russian discourse. This report provides a series of clear policy recommendations on how to move from a deeply confrontational mind-set to a more cooperative one.

The Geopolitics of Eurasian Economic Integration

The Eurasian region faces competing pressures  as the EU’s 'Eastern Neighbourhood' or as Russia’s 'Near Abroad'. This report analyses EU-Russian competition in Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia, Moldova, and Georgia including often overlooked domestic factors.

Report topics: European Union

Less than Perfect: Some Brexit lessons for the EU

In this Dahrendorf Forum policy brief, Benjamin Martill and Tim Oliver seek to identify those areas where the EU has been less than perfect in its treatment of Brexit to date.

Beyond Operation Sophia: What role for the military in migration policy?

In this Dahrendorf Forum policy brief, Julia Himmrich argues the EU needs to reframe its overall approach to managing migration through the Mediterranean and strictly limit the roles assigned to the military to those it is suited to fulfil and outlines policy recommendations that would help the EU do so.

Is There a Populist Wave in Europe?

This Dahrendorf Forum commentary examines the rise of populist parties in Europe, and question the extent to which the recent success of populist parties is a singular phenomenon, or whether it is a result of parallel evolution.

Nuancing the Voter Landscape: Radical right and radical left constituencies in Europe

How do the voters of radical right and radical left parties compare? This Dahrendorf Forum working paper elaborates upon existing models by accounting for the effects of welfare chauvinism, identity, and culture.

The Role of Fiscal Coordination and Partisanship in the Spanish Fiscal Federalist System: Lessons for European Union reforms

This Dahrendorf Forum working paper considers the possible lessons arising from the emerging federation in Spain for the European framework. It analyses the performance of Spain’s fiscal federalist framework with a special emphasis on its coordination and political relationship with the autonomous regions.

The Future of the European Central Bank

The European Central Bank (ECB) is more important than ever to the European economy. Can governments control it? This report explores the need to make the ECB more transparent and democratically accountable to prevent the next Eurozone crisis. Read online / Download pdf

A ‘Hybrid Threat’? European militaries and migration

The military has become an important part of European responses to increased migration flows. This Dahrendorf Forum working paper explores the effectiveness and long term impact of military involvement in migration enforcement.

Known Unknowns: EU foreign, security, and defence policy after Brexit

This Dahrendorf Forum Working Paper examines the future of EU foreign and defence policy after Brexit by asking: Will the UK reduce its European defence commitments? Will Brexit cause greater defence integration within the EU? And will the EU allow the UK a continuing European security and foreign policy role? 

Changing Waters: Towards a new EU Asia Strategy

The EU-Asia relationship is changing, from development assistance to cooperation – and possibly competition. This report explores an overhaul of the EU's 2001 Asia Strategy, more important than ever in the context of Asian economic growth and the US 'pivot'.

Avoiding a New 'Cold War': The Future of EU-Russia Relations

The feeling that we are experiencing the emergence of a New ‘Cold War’ is increasingly creeping into European and Russian discourse. This report provides a series of clear policy recommendations on how to move from a deeply confrontational mind-set to a more cooperative one.

The Geopolitics of Eurasian Economic Integration

The Eurasian region faces competing pressures  as the EU’s 'Eastern Neighbourhood' or as Russia’s 'Near Abroad'. This report analyses EU-Russian competition in Ukraine, Belarus, Armenia, Moldova, and Georgia including often overlooked domestic factors.

The Crisis of EU Enlargement

Enlargement is widely hailed as the EU’s most successful foreign policy tool, but now faces daunting challenges. This report looks at why enlargement has been successful in the past and how to integrate these lessons to develop a new strategy.

A Strategy for Southern Europe

This report examines the challenges confronting Southern Europe and seeks to explore the potential benefits the countries of the region could gain through closer cooperation in migration, maritime security, energy, and defence.

Europe in an Asian Century

This report, based on presentations at the Dahrendorf Symposium, explores how China looms large in Europe’s recovery from the crisis and is increasingly interested in Europe’s future for economic and wider strategic reasons.

Digital Editions

Read LSE IDEAS reports online

People, Profits and Peace

This report presents the Human Security Business Partnership (HSBP) Framework and proposals for the private sector to work towards the achievement of the SDGs.

The Future of the European Central Bank

The European Central Bank (ECB) is more important than ever to the European economy. Can governments control it? This report explores the need to make the ECB more transparent and democratically accountable to prevent the next Eurozone crisis.

Ireland-UK Relations and Northern Ireland after Brexit

Brexit has rudely interrupted Irish-British reconciliation. This report explores the impact of Brexit from an Irish perspective, explaining Europe’s role in improving Ireland-UK relations since 1970s and outlining the threat posed by Brexit to the political settlement in Northern Ireland.

The UK's Foreign, Defence, and Security Policy After Brexit

This report summarises the discussion between a group of British politicians, senior officials and other experts assembled by the LSE IDEAS Global Strategies project in November 2017 to discuss the UK's foreign policy and military options after Brexit.

From Deng to Xi: Economic Reform, the Silk Road, and the Return of the Middle Kingdom

This report explores the extent to which Deng's momentous economic reforms in 1978 have shaped modern China, what the country's expanded international role under Xi means, and who really makes Chinese foreign policy.

En Español

 

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