Professor James Hughes

Jim Hughes-

Professor of Comparative Politics

Email: j.hughes@lse.ac.uk| 
Office: CON5.05
Office Hours: Tuesday 10.30-12.30
Tel: +44 (0)20 7955 6898
Personal website:  http://personal.lse.ac.uk/HUGHESJ|

Biography


Jim Hughes is Professor of Comparative Politics, Convenor of the MSc Conflict Studies|, and Director of the Conflict Research Group|. His research and publications span the study of political violence and terrorism,democratisation, secession, national and ethnic conflict in the Former Soviet Union and the Balkans, and the role of the EU in democratisation and conflict resolution.

The author, co-author or editor of seven books, his major studies include critiques of the role of international conditionality and intervention during EU enlargement The Myth of Conditionality (Palgrave, 2004) and of the EU's developing conflict resolution capacity EU Conflict Management (Routledge, 2010). His Chechnya from Nationalism to Jihad (University of Philadelphia Press, 2007) was widely acclaimed. He has published more than forty articles and chapters, including analyses of the EU's role in the conflicts in Northern Ireland and Kosovo, and "ethnic democracy" and discrimination against Russophones in the Baltic States.

Professor Hughes joined the LSE as lecturer in 1994 and was promoted successively to Senior Lecturer (1998), Reader (2002) and Professor (2007). He previously taught at the universities of Surrey, Keele and Trinity College Dublin.

He graduated with a BSc (Combined Honours) First Class in Political Science and Ancient History from Queen's University Belfast in 1982, and was awarded two university prizes. He took his PhD at LSE (1982-7), which included a study year at Moscow State University as a British Council Scholar Abroad (1985-6). His PhD and following research in Soviet and Russian archives, including long periods of fieldwork in Siberia, resulted in two monographs which were landmarks in the study of Stalinism and mass killings and genocide in the Soviet countryside (published by Cambridge University Press in 1991 and Macmillan in 1996).

His distinguished fellowships include a Nuffield Social Science Fellowship (1994-5) and a Jean Monnet Fellowship at the European University Institute in Florence (2001-02). He has given invited lectures at leading international universities (including Oxford, Cambridge, Princeton, Sciences-Po, European University Institute and others). His extensive consultancy work has included providing expert advice to governments, international organizations, multinational corporations, and NGOs. He has led major research projects funded by the UK ESRC, Nuffield Foundation and European Union (INTAS, Tempus, and Sixth Framework).

From 2005 to 2011 he helped to create and develop as co-editor the UNDP analytical brief 'Development and Transition' which covers the UNDP's activities in the post-communist region in Europe and Eurasia. He was an elected member of the Executive Committee of the UK Political Studies Association (1997-2000), an appointed member of the Advisory Board of the Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism (1999-2002), and is currently an invited member of the International Advisory Board of the influential European Centre for Minority Issues based in Flensburg.

In 2012 Professor Hughes will work with the Open Society Institute as part of its Academic Fellowship Program to develop political science at the University of Prishtina, Kosovo. Professor Hughes's research and consultancy work has involved long periods of fieldwork and hundreds of interviews in almost all of the countries of Eastern Europe, the Balkans, Russia and Ukraine.

His current work encompasses radicalization and political violence broadly, with a focus on the relationship between communities, movements engaged in ideologically motivated violence, and state responses.   

Research Interests


  • Comparative study of conflict and conflict resolution
  • Political violence and terrorism
  • Peace processes and statebuilding
  • Policy responses of democracies and authoritarian states to political violence. 

Teaching Responsibilities


  • GV4A8 Nationalist Conflict, Political Violence and Terrorism
  • GV4E3 Democratisation, Conflict and Statebuilding  
  • GV4G4 Theories of Political Violence

Featured Book


EU Conflict ManagementEU Conflict Management, Routledge, London, 2010 (editor); a special issue of the journal Ethnopolitics 8:3 (2009). 

The EU's self promotion as a 'conflict manager' is embedded in a discourse about its 'shared values' and their foundation in a connection between security, development and democracy. This book provides a collection of essays based on the latest cutting edge research into the EU's active engagement in conflict management. It maps the evolution of EU policy and strategic thinking about its role, and the development of its institutional capacity to manage conflicts.

Case studies of EU conflict management within the Union, in its neighbourhood and further afield, explore the consistency, coherence, and politicization of EU strategy at the implementation stage. The essays examine the extent to which the EU can exert influence on conflict dynamics and outcomes. Such influence depends on a number of changing factors: how the EU conceptualizes conflict and policy solutions; the balance of interests within the EU on the issue (divided or concerted) and the degree of politicization in the EU's role; the scope for an external EU role; and the value attached by the conflict parties to EU engagement – a value that is almost wholly bound to their interest in a membership perspective (or other strong relationship to the EU) rather than to 'shared values' as an end in themselves.

This book was based on a special issue of Ethnopolitics.

Click here for the publisher's site|

Recent Publications


Reconstruction without reconciliation: is Northern Ireland a "model"?
Hughes, James (2014) Reconstruction without reconciliation: is Northern Ireland a "model"? In: Kissane, Bill, (ed.) After Civil War: Division, Reconstruction, and Reconciliation in Contemporary Europe. National and ethnic conflict in the 21st century. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, USA. ISBN 9780812246520

State violence in the origins of nationalism: British counterinsurgency and the rebirth of Irish nationalism, 1969-1972
Hughes, James (2013) State violence in the origins of nationalism: British counterinsurgency and the rebirth of Irish nationalism, 1969-1972. In: Hall, John A. and Malesevic, Sinisa, (eds.) Nationalism and War. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 97-123. ISBN 9781107034754

The evidence suggests that the conflict in Chechnya was not a major factor in the motivation of the Boston bombers
Hughes, Jim (2013) The evidence suggests that the conflict in Chechnya was not a major factor in the motivation of the Boston bombers. LSE European Politics and Policy (EUROPP) Blog (24 Apr 2013) Blog Entry.

Is the Northern Ireland peace process flagging?
Hughes, Jim (2013) Is the Northern Ireland peace process flagging? British Politics and Policy at LSE (30 Jan 2013) Blog Entry.

Russia and the secession of Kosovo: power, norms and the failure of multilateralism
Hughes, James (2013) Russia and the secession of Kosovo: power, norms and the failure of multilateralism. Europe-Asia Studies, 66 (5). pp. 992-1016. ISSN 0966-8136

Bloody Sunday is almost universally recognised as ‘unjustified and unjustifiable’. But lessons must be drawn for peace in Northern Ireland, and for counterinsurgency more generally
Hughes, James (2012) Bloody Sunday is almost universally recognised as ‘unjustified and unjustifiable’. But lessons must be drawn for peace in Northern Ireland, and for counterinsurgency more generally. British Politics and Policy at LSE (30 Jan 2012) Blog Entry.

The Russo-Chechen conflict
Hughes, James (2012) The Russo-Chechen conflict. In: Gill, Graeme and Young, James, (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Russian Politics and Society. Routledge, Abingdon, UK, pp. 232-248. ISBN 9780415576277

Genocide and ethnic conflict
Hughes, James (2010) Genocide and ethnic conflict. In: Cordell, Karl and Wolff, Stefan, (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Ethnic Conflict. Routledge. ISBN 9780415476256

How war makes jihad: the transformation of nationalism into jihad in Chechnya
Hughes, James (2010) How war makes jihad: the transformation of nationalism into jihad in Chechnya. In: Kardas, Tuncay, Jansen, Stig Harle and Mesoy, Atle, (eds.) The Borders of Islam: Exploring Samuel Huntingdon's Faultlines, From Al-Andalus to Virtual Ummah. Columbia University Press, New York, USA, pp. 165-180. ISBN 9780231154222

Отношения ЕС—Россия: партнерство или асимметричная взаимозависимость?
Hughes, James (2010) Отношения ЕС—Россия: партнерство или асимметричная взаимозависимость? Russkij Sbornik, 9 . pp. 42-64. ISSN 2112-9576

EU conflict management policy: comparing the security-development model in the 'sui generis' cases of Northern Ireland and Kosovo
Hughes, James (2009) EU conflict management policy: comparing the security-development model in the 'sui generis' cases of Northern Ireland and Kosovo. In: European Consortium for Political Research general conference, 10 - 12 September 2009, Potsdam, Germany. (Unpublished)

Introduction: the making of EU conflict management strategy - development through security
Hughes, James (2009) Introduction: the making of EU conflict management strategy - development through security. Ethnopolitics, 8 (3-4). pp. 275-285. ISSN 1744-9057

EU conflict management - special issue, edited by J. Hughes
Hughes, James (2009) EU conflict management - special issue, edited by J. Hughes. Ethnopolitics, 8 (3-4). pp. 275-420. ISSN 1744-9057

Paying for peace: comparing the EU's role in the conflicts in Northern Ireland and Kosovo
Hughes, James (2009) Paying for peace: comparing the EU's role in the conflicts in Northern Ireland and Kosovo. Ethnopolitics, 84 (3 - 4). pp. 275-285. ISSN 1744-9057

How deep is the wider Europe?: elites, europeanization, and euroscepticism in the CEECs
Hughes, James, Sasse, Gwendolyn and Gordon, Claire E (2008) How deep is the wider Europe?: elites, europeanization, and euroscepticism in the CEECs. In: Szczerbiak, Alex and Taggart, Paul, (eds.) Opposing Europe: the Comparative Party Politics of Euroscepticism. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 181-207. ISBN 9780199258352

The Chechnya conflict: freedom fighters or terrorists?
Hughes, James (2007) The Chechnya conflict: freedom fighters or terrorists? Demokratizatsiya: the Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, 15 (3). pp. 293-311. ISSN 1074-6846

Chechnya: from nationalism to Jihad. National and ethnic conflict in the 21st century
Hughes, James (2007) Chechnya: from nationalism to Jihad. National and ethnic conflict in the 21st century. University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, USA. ISBN 0812240138

EU relations with Russia: partnership or asymmetric interdependency?
Hughes, James (2006) EU relations with Russia: partnership or asymmetric interdependency? In: Casarini, Nicola and Muzu, Costanza, (eds.) The Eu's Foreign Policy in an Evolving International System: the Road to Convergence. Palgrave studies in European Union politics. Palgrave, London, UK. ISBN 9781403996077

'Exit' in deeply divided societies: regimes of discrimination in Estonia and Latvia and the potential for Russophone migration
Hughes, James (2005) 'Exit' in deeply divided societies: regimes of discrimination in Estonia and Latvia and the potential for Russophone migration. Journal of Common Market Studies, 43 (4). pp. 739-762. ISSN 0021-9886

The peace process in Chechnya
Hughes, James (2005) The peace process in Chechnya. In: Sakwa, Richard, (ed.) Chechnya: From the Past to the Future. Anthem Russian and Slavonic studies. Anthem Press, London, pp. 265-288. ISBN 184331164X

Europeanization and regionalization in the EU's enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe: the myth of conditionality
Hughes, James, Sasse, Gwendolyn and Gordon, Claire E (2004) Europeanization and regionalization in the EU's enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe: the myth of conditionality. Palgrave, Basingstoke, UK. ISBN 9781403939876

Conditionality and compliance in the EU’s eastward enlargement: regional policy and the reform of sub-national governance
Hughes, James, Sasse, Gwendolyn and Gordon, Claire E (2004) Conditionality and compliance in the EU’s eastward enlargement: regional policy and the reform of sub-national governance. Journal of Common Market Studies, 42 (3). pp. 523-551. ISSN 0021-9886

Integration mit tiefgang? Regionalisierung in ungarn und polen
Sasse, Gwendolyn and Hughes, James (2004) Integration mit tiefgang? Regionalisierung in ungarn und polen. Osteuropa, 54 (5-6). pp. 180-194. ISSN 0030-6428

Putin's power politics
Hughes, James (2003) Putin's power politics. The Globe and Mail . ISSN 0319-0714

EU enlargement, Europeanisation and the dynamics of regionalisation in the CEECs
Hughes, James, Sasse, Gwendolyn and Gordon, Claire E (2003) EU enlargement, Europeanisation and the dynamics of regionalisation in the CEECs. In: Keating, Michael and Hughes, James, (eds.) The Regional Challenge in Central and Eastern Europe: Territorial Restructuring and European Integration. Regionalism & federalism(vol. 1). Peter Lang, Brussels, Belgium, pp. 69-88. ISBN 9789052011875

Local elites in Russia's transition: generational effects on adaptation and competition
Hughes, James and John, Peter (2003) Local elites in Russia's transition: generational effects on adaptation and competition. In: Steen, Anton and Gel'man, Vladimir, (eds.) Elites and Democratic Development in Russia. Routledge studies of societies in transition. Routledge, London, UK, pp. 124-147. ISBN 9780415306980

EU enlargement and power asymmetries: conditionality and the Commission's role in regionalisation in Central and Eastern Europe
Hughes, James, Sasse, Gwendolyn and Gordon, Claire E (2003) EU enlargement and power asymmetries: conditionality and the Commission's role in regionalisation in Central and Eastern Europe. "One Europe or several?" programme, 49/03. Economic and Social Research Council, Swindon, UK.

Dataset from the ESRC research project on "Elites and institutions in regional and local governance in Central and Eastern Europe 1999-2001"
Hughes, James, Sasse, Gwendolyn and Gordon, Claire E (2003) Dataset from the ESRC research project on "Elites and institutions in regional and local governance in Central and Eastern Europe 1999-2001". L213252030 (grant number). ESRC.

Monitoring the monitors: EU enlargement conditionality and minority protection in the CEECs
Hughes, James and Sasse, Gwendolyn (2003) Monitoring the monitors: EU enlargement conditionality and minority protection in the CEECs. Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe, 1 (1). pp. 1-36. ISSN 1617-5247

Regional convergence and divergence in an enlarged EU
Hughes, James (2003) Regional convergence and divergence in an enlarged EU. In: Keating, Michael and Hughes, James, (eds.) The Regional Challenge in Central and Eastern Europe: Territorial Restructuring and European Integration. Peter Lang, Brussels, Belgium, pp. 183-192. ISBN 9780820466064

Stalin, Siberia and the crisis of the New Economic Policy
Hughes, James (2003) Stalin, Siberia and the crisis of the New Economic Policy. Cambridge Russian, Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies (81).2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ISBN 9780521380393

The regional challenge in Central and Eastern Europe: territorial restructuring and European integration
Keating, Michael and Hughes, James, eds. (2003) The regional challenge in Central and Eastern Europe: territorial restructuring and European integration. Regionalism & federalism , vol. 1 . Peter Lang, Brussels, Belgium. ISBN 9789052011875

Saying 'maybe' to the 'return to Europe': elites and the political space for euroscepticism in Central and Eastern Europe
Hughes, James, Sasse, Gwendolyn and Gordon, Claire E (2002) Saying 'maybe' to the 'return to Europe': elites and the political space for euroscepticism in Central and Eastern Europe. European Union Politics, 3 (3). pp. 327-355. ISSN 1465-1165

From plan to network: urban elites and the postcommunist organizational state in Russia
Hughes, James, John, Peter and Sasse, Gwendolyn (2002) From plan to network: urban elites and the postcommunist organizational state in Russia. European Journal of Political Research, 41 (3). pp. 395-420. ISSN 0304-4130

Comparing regional and ethnic conflicts in post-Soviet transition states
Hughes, James and Sasse, Gwendolyn (2001) Comparing regional and ethnic conflicts in post-Soviet transition states. In: Hughes, James and Sasse, Gwendolyn, (eds.) Ethnicity and Territory in the Former Soviet Union: Regions in Conflict. Routledge series in federal studies. Routledge, Southgate, pp. 1-35. ISBN 9780714652269

Conflict and accommodation in the former Soviet Union: the role of institutions and regimes
Hughes, James and Sasse, Gwendolyn (2001) Conflict and accommodation in the former Soviet Union: the role of institutions and regimes. In: Hughes, James and Sasse, Gwendolyn, (eds.) Ethnicity and Territory in the Former Soviet Union: Regions in Conflict. Routledge series in federal studies. Routledge, Southgate, UK, pp. 220-240. ISBN 9780714652269

Ethnicity and territory in the former Soviet Union: regions in conflict
Hughes, James and Sasse, Gwendolyn, eds. (2001) Ethnicity and territory in the former Soviet Union: regions in conflict. Routledge series in federal studies . Routledge, London, UK. ISBN 9780714652269

Local elites and transition in Russia: adaptation or competition?
Hughes, James and John, Peter (2001) Local elites and transition in Russia: adaptation or competition? British Journal of Political Science, 31 (4). pp. 673-686. ISSN 0007-1234

Challenges to democracy
Dowding, Keith, Hughes, James and Margetts, Helen, eds. (2001) Challenges to democracy. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK. ISBN 9780333789827

Chechnya: the causes of a protracted post-Soviet conflict
Hughes, James (2001) Chechnya: the causes of a protracted post-Soviet conflict. Civil Wars, 4 (4). pp. 11-48. ISSN 1743-968X

Comparing regional and ethnic conflicts in post-Soviet transition states
Hughes, James and Sasse, Gwendolyn (2001) Comparing regional and ethnic conflicts in post-Soviet transition states. Regional and Federal Studies, 11 (3). pp. 1-35. ISSN 1359-7566

Conflict and accommodation in the former Soviet Union: the role of institutions and regimes
Hughes, James and Sasse, Gwendolyn (2001) Conflict and accommodation in the former Soviet Union: the role of institutions and regimes. Regional and Federal Studies, 11 (3). pp. 220-240. ISSN 1359-7566

Enlargement and regionalization: the Europeanization of local and regional governance in CEE states
Hughes, James, Sasse, Gwendolyn and Gordon, Claire E (2001) Enlargement and regionalization: the Europeanization of local and regional governance in CEE states. In: Wallace, Helen, (ed.) Interlocking Dimensions of European Integration. One Europe or several?. Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp. 145-178. ISBN 9780333802960

From federalisation to recentralisation
Hughes, James (2001) From federalisation to recentralisation. In: White, Stephen, (ed.) Developments in Russian Politics 5. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK, pp. 128-146. ISBN 9780822327707

Managing secession potential in the Russian federation
Hughes, James (2001) Managing secession potential in the Russian federation. Regional and Federal Studies, 11 (3). pp. 36-68. ISSN 1359-7566

Putin's budget balancing act
Hughes, James (2000) Putin's budget balancing act. Sunday Business . ISSN 1362-1947

Putin proves an enigma
Hughes, James (2000) Putin proves an enigma. Sunday Business . ISSN 1362-1947

Putin takes up anti-west baton
Hughes, James (2000) Putin takes up anti-west baton. Sunday Business . ISSN 1362-1947

Transition models and democratisation in Russia
Hughes, James (2000) Transition models and democratisation in Russia. In: Ross, C. and Bowker, M., (eds.) Russia After the Cold War. Longman, Essex, UK, pp. 21-49. ISBN 9780582368156

Los intelectuales franceses y el terror comunista
Hughes, James (1998) Los intelectuales franceses y el terror comunista. Revista de Libros (17). ISSN 1137-2249

New and old elites in Novosibirsk
Hughes, James (1998) New and old elites in Novosibirsk. The Tocqueville Review, XIX (1). pp. 103-115. ISSN 1918-6649

Re-evaluating Stalin's peasant policy
Hughes, James (1998) Re-evaluating Stalin's peasant policy. In: Pallot, Judith, (ed.) Transforming Peasants: Society, State and the Peasantry, 1861-1930. Selected papers from the Fifth World Congress for Central and East European Studies, Warsaw, 1995. Macmillan Press Ltd, Basingstoke, UK, pp. 238-257. ISBN 9780312213497

Sub-national Élites and post-communist transformation in Russia: a reply to Kryshtanovskaya & White
Hughes, James (1997) Sub-national Élites and post-communist transformation in Russia: a reply to Kryshtanovskaya & White. Europe-Asia Studies, 49 (6). pp. 1017-1034. ISSN 0966-8136

Regionalism economique en Siberie, Russie: le governenment des provinces
Hughes, James (1997) Regionalism economique en Siberie, Russie: le governenment des provinces. Le Nouveau Monde, 7 (4). pp. 116-123. ISSN 0847-8112

Russia's regions: Moscow's bilateral treaties add to confusion
Hughes, James (1996) Russia's regions: Moscow's bilateral treaties add to confusion. Transition, 2 (19). ISSN 1211-0205

Patrimonialism and the Stalinist system: the case of S. I. Syrtsov
Hughes, James (1996) Patrimonialism and the Stalinist system: the case of S. I. Syrtsov. Europe-Asia Studies, 48 (4). pp. 551-568. ISSN 0966-8136

Stalinism in a Russian province: a study of collectivization and dekulakization in Siberia
Hughes, James (1996) Stalinism in a Russian province: a study of collectivization and dekulakization in Siberia. Macmillan, Basingstoke, UK. ISBN 9780333657485

The 'Americanization' of Russian politics: Russia's first television election, December 1993
Hughes, James (1994) The 'Americanization' of Russian politics: Russia's first television election, December 1993. Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics, 10 (2). pp. 125-150. ISSN 1352-3279

Capturing the Russian peasantry: Stalinist grain procurement policy and the "Ural-Siberian method"
Hughes, James (1994) Capturing the Russian peasantry: Stalinist grain procurement policy and the "Ural-Siberian method". Slavic Review, 53 (1). pp. 76-103. ISSN 0037-6779

Regionalism in Russia: the rise and fall of Siberian agreement
Hughes, James (1994) Regionalism in Russia: the rise and fall of Siberian agreement. Europe-Asia Studies, 46 (7). pp. 1133-1161. ISSN 0966-8136

Stalin, Siberia and the crisis of the New Economic Policy
Hughes, James (1991) Stalin, Siberia and the crisis of the New Economic Policy. Cambridge Russian, Soviet and Post-Soviet Studies (81). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ISBN 9780521380393

The Irkutsk affair: Stalin, Siberian politics and the end
Hughes, James (1989) The Irkutsk affair: Stalin, Siberian politics and the end. Soviet Studies, 41 (2). pp. 228-253. ISSN 0038-5859

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