Cañada Blanch fellow in Spanish History
Gerald gained his second Masters and a PhD in International History from the LSE, where he is now Cañada Blanch Fellow in Spanish History. His doctoral thesis dealt with Spain's paramilitary police force, the Civil Guard, during the Second Republic (1931-1936) and its role in the military rebellion that initiated the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939).
Gerald's research attempts to explain the various factors that influence the loyalties and actions of the Civil Guard, and of police in general, during periods of social unrest and political uncertainty. In the short term, he is expanding on his doctoral research and working on a manuscript for publication on the subject of the Civil Guard during the Republican period.
Alongside this, Gerald organized an international conference in May 2011 titled Policing in the Ibero-American World. He is now organizing a collective book that will examine the roles and actions of police forces in various Latin American countries as well as in the Iberian Peninsula. Like his previous book on policing in Interwar Europe, this project will involve scholars from Europe and the Americas, and will endeavour to shed light on this important but understudied issue by comparing and contrasting the experiences of a number of different countries and regimes.
He also has plans to expand on his research on the loyalties of the Civil Guard in the 1930s and examine the period of the post-Franco transition to democracy of the 1970s and 1980s in an effort to explain the "success" of the reforms of this period, as opposed to the supposed "failure" of those during the Second Republic.
HY101: The European Civil War, 1890-1990
HY209: Democracy, Civil War and Dictatorship in Twentieth-Century Spain
HY400: Crisis Decision-Making in War and Peace, 1914-1991
Recent publications and papers
I. Doctoral thesis
"The Civil Guard and the Spanish Second Republic, 1931-1936", (London School of Economics and Political Science, 2007)
The Three-Cornered Hat and the Tri-Colored Flag: The Civil Guard and the Spanish Second Republic, 1931-1936 (forthcoming from Sussex Academic Press)
Editor, Policing Interwar Europe: Continuity, Change and Crisis, 1918-1940 (New York: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2008)
"En defensa de la democracia. Políticas de orden público en la Europa de entreguerras", to be published in the Spanish academic journal Ayer as part of a special issue titled: "La violencia en la política. Una variable independiente en la "guerra civil" europea"
"La historiografía de la Guardia Civil: críticas y propuestas", Política y Sociedad, Vol. 42, No. 3 (2005), pp. 31-44.
IV. Chapters in books
"The Civil Guard and the Second Republic: A Reassessment", in Manuel Alvarez Tardio and Fernando del Rey Reguillo (eds.), The Spanish Second Republic revisited. From Democratic Hopes to Civil War, 1931–1936 (due for publication in 2011)
"Introduction: Policing Interwar Europe", in Blaney, Policing Interwar Europe: Continuity, Change and Crisis, 1918-1940 (New York: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2008), pp. 1-13.
"Keeping Order in Republican Spain, 1931-1936", in Blaney, Policing Interwar Europe: Continuity, Change and Crisis, 1918-1940 (New York: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2008), pp. 31-68.
"Between Order and Loyalty: The Civil Guard and the Spanish Second Republic, 1931-1936", in Gerard Oram (ed.), Conflict & Legality: Policing Mid-twentieth Century Europe (London: Francis Boutle, 2003), pp. 42-63.
V. Recent conference papers
"Policing the Ibero-American World", Conference organizer and speaker (Institute for the Study of the Americas, University of London, 10 May 2011)
"Missionaries of Hispanidad: The Spanish Civil Guard missions to Latin America", Paper given for the 4th GERN Post-colonial Workshop (Universidade do Porto, Portugal, 14-15 April 2011)
"Políticas de orden público en la Europa de entreguerras", Paper given for the conference La violencia política en España y Europa durante el periódo de entreguerras. Una perspectiva comparada (Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain, 13-14 October 2010)
"Was civil war inevitable in 1936?", Paper given for a Symposium on Twentieth-Century Spain, in honour of Sir Raymond Carr (St. Antony's College, Oxford, 6-7 May 2010)
"A Hispanic Institution: The self-image of the Spanish Civil Guard and its 'missions' to Latin America, 1894-1936", Paper given at the European Social Science History Conference (Ghent, Belgium, 13-16 April 2010)
"Nuevas perspectivas de estudio sobre la Guardia Civil", Lecture given at the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos as part of the conference/course "La política durante la II Republica (1931-1936). Nuevas perspectivas de estudio." (Madrid, 26-27 November 2009)
"Democratizing the Police: The Case of the Spanish Civil Guard", Paper given for the seminar programme of the Hispanic, Portuguese and Latin America Department, University of Bristol (11 November 2009)
"A Hispanic Conflict: Latin America and the Spanish Civil War", Lecture given as part of the seminar series sponsored by Latin American House (Whitechapel Gallery, London, 24 October 2009)
"Protector and Oppressor: Contrasting Images of the Spanish Civil Guard, 1844-1939", Paper given at the Association of Contemporary Iberian Studies Conference (Dublin City University, 8 September 2009)
"La reforma 'fallida' de las instituciones policiales durante la Segunda República", Lecture given at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid as part of the conference/course "Del orden público a la seguridad ciudadana: Las instituciones de seguridad pública y el orden político en España, 1766-2008" (Madrid, 30 June - 2 July 2009)
"From Civil Guard to Franco's Guard: The Radicalization of the Spanish Civil Guard, 1934-1953", Paper given for the Research Group for the Study of Modern European Ideologies, Conflict and Memory (MEICAM) seminar programme (Swansea University, Wales, 14 October 2008)
"Franco's Willing Executioners: The Spanish Civil Guard and the Francoist State, 1939-1955", Paper given at the European Social Science History Conference (University of Lisbon, Portugal, 26 February - 1 March 2008)
"An Authoritarian Democracy? Reassessing the Second Spanish Republic", Cañada Blanch Centre for Contemporary Spanish Studies Seminars (LSE, 24 October 2007)
"An Inveterate Obstacle to Democratic Development? A Reassessment of the Spanish Civil Guard", Paper given at the Association for Contemporary Iberian Studies Conference (Oxford Brookes University, UK, 4 September 2007)