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Visiting Speaker: Dr Iva Tomic

Croatia’s Lost Generation? Youth unemployment, education and training in Croatia since the crisis


Wednesday, 12 October 2016

Time 6:00 - 7:30pm

Cañada Blanch Room, (COW 1.11),  1st floor, Cowdray House, LSE, London WC2A 2AE 


Dr Iva Tomic, Institute of Economics, Zagreb

Chair Dr Vassilis Monastiriotis, LSEE Research on SEE, London School of Economics

Iva TomicIva Tomic holds a tenure-track affiliation as a Research Associate at the Institute of Economics, Zagreb in Croatia. She was awarded a PhD degree in Economics from the University of Ljubljana, Slovenia in 2013. Her main research interests are labour economics, applied microeconomics and public finances. During her visit at LSEE she will be working on youth unemployment issues in European countries, with a special emphasis on the Croatian case and its cross comparison with other Southern European countries.

About the seminar:

The problem of youth unemployment and labour market exclusion has received heightened attention recently, both within the European Union, but also in countries of the European periphery outside the EU. In the (Western) Balkans in particular, levels of inactivity are abysmally high compared to EU standards not only for the youth but for much larger segments of the working-age population. Average youth unemployment and NEET rates, for example, are more than twice as high in these countries as those in the EU, whereas Croatia records the third-highest youth (15-24) unemployment and NEET rate among the EU-member states. Usually, the poor situation on the labour markets in the Balkans is considered to have structural roots, including delayed transition, high share of informal sector, poor investment climate, skill mismatches, as well as significant dependence on remittances. Still, the crisis has created harsher conditions also in these economies. 

Despite the policy and social importance of the issue, studies examining empirically the individual and household factors contributing to non-participation of youths in the labour market or training (NEET) are rather limited and in the case of the countries in the European periphery virtually non-existent. This study aims to partially fill this gap by examining closely the determinants of youth unemployment and non-participation in ‘employment, education or training’ (NEET) for the newest EU-member state - Croatia. While looking at individual, household and area determinants (e.g., gender, household size, and local unemployment, respectively) of youth exclusion from the labour market, we also develop an empirical strategy that examines more specifically the ‘paths’ via which young people enter a status of labour market exclusion. Examining the relative importance of the alternative ‘paths’ offers useful insights not only about the individual ‘preferences’ but also the wider processes that lead to youth exclusion from the labour market – and it is highly informative for policy.



A complete listing of the 2016-17 Visiting Speaker Programme is available here.




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