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Professor Stephen Broadberry

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Title and contact details

Research Interests

  • Global Economic History, Very Long Run Economic Growth. International comparisons of growth and productivity performance since 1870: Britain compared with India, Japan and China; Pan-European economic history; Britain compared with the United States and Germany ; Long run economic growth and development before 1870: The Great Divergence of living standards between Europe and Asia; Factor prices and long run economic development;  Reconstructing the national income of Britain and Holland, 1270-1870; Indian GDP before 1870

Current teaching

  • EH424 The British Economy in Global Perspective, 1000-2000 (Half Unit)
  • EH483 The Development and Integration of the World Economy in the 19th and 20th century


  • The British Economy Between the Wars: A Macroeconomic Survey, Oxford: Blackwell (1986), pp.180+vii.
  • Britain in the International Economy 1870-1939, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (1992), pp.426+xiv, (edited with Crafts, N.F.R.).
  • The Productivity Race: British Manufacturing in International Perspective, 1850-1990, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (1997), pp.451 + xxv. Also available in Chinese translation, China Economics Publishing House (2001).
  • The Economics of World War I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2005), pp.345 + xvi, (edited with Harrison, M.).
  • Market Services and the Productivity Race, 1850-2000: Britain in International Perspective, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2006, pp.409 + xix).
  • The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, (2 volumes), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2010), (edited with Kevin O'Rourke).
Recent Refereed Journal Articles
  • "Asia in the Great Divergence: Editors' Introduction", Economic History Review, Vol. 64, (2011), 1-7, (with Steve Hindle).
  • "When and Why did Eastern European Economies begin to Fail?: lessons from a Czechoslovak/UK Productivity Comparison, 1921-1991", Explorations in Economic History, 48 (2011), 37-52, (with Alexander Klein).
  • "Real Wages and Labour Productivity in Britain and Germany, 1871-1938: A Unified Approach to the International Comparison of Living Standards", Journal of Economic History, 70 (2010), 400-427 (with Carsten Burhop).
  • "Historical Perspectives on Asian Economic Growth and Development", Explorations in Economic History, 47 (2010), 260-263 (with Pierre van der Eng).
  • "The Historical Roots of India's Service-Led Development: A Sectoral Analysis of Anglo-Indian Productivity Differences, 1870-2000", Explorations in Economic History, 47 (2010), 264-278 (with Bishnupriya Gupta).
  • "European Industry, 1700-1870", Jahrbuch fűr Wirtschaftsgeschichte, Heft 2008/2 (2008) (with Rainer Fremdling and Peter Solar), 141-171.
  • "Reply to Bryan Haig's Comment", Economic Record, 84 (2008), 515-516 (with Douglas Irwin).
  • "Resolving the Anglo-German Industrial Productivity Puzzle, 1895-1935: A Response to Professor Ritschl", Journal of Economic History, 68 (2008), 930-934 (with Carsten Burhop).
  • "Comparative Productivity in British and German Manufacturing before World War II: Reconciling Direct Benchmark Estimates and Time Series Projections", Journal of Economic History, 67 (2007), 315-349 (with Carsten Burhop).
  • "Lost Exceptionalism? Comparative Income and Productivity in Australia and the United Kingdom, 1861-1948", Economic Record, 83 (2007), 262-274 (with Douglas Irwin).
  • "Labor Productivity in the United States and the United Kingdom During the Nineteenth Century", Explorations in Economic History, 43 (2006), 257-279, (with Douglas Irwin).
  • "The Early Modern Great Divergence: Wages, Prices and Economic Development in Europe and Asia, 1500-1800", Economic History Review, 59 (2006), 2-31, (with Bishnupriya Gupta).
  • "Technology, Organisation and Productivity Performance in Services: Lessons from Britain and the United States Since 1870", Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 16 (2005): 437-466, (with Sayantan Ghosal).
  • "Explaining Anglo-German Productivity Differences in Services Since 1870", European Review of Economic History, 8 (2004): 229-262. Awarded the Laureano Figuerola Prize for the best article published in the European Review of Economic History in the preceding two years.  
Other publications - selection
  • "Sectoral Developments, 1870-1914", in Broadberry, S. and O'Rourke, K. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, Volume 2: 1870-2000, (2010), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 59-83 (with Giovanni Federico and Alexander Klein).
  • "Industry, 1700-1870", in Broadberry, S. and O'Rourke, K. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe, Volume 1: 1700-1870, (2010), Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 164-186 (with Rainer Fremdling and Peter Solar).
  • "Selling English Cottons into the World Market: Implications for the Rationalisation Debate, 1900-1939", in Wilson, J.F. (ed.), King Cotton: A Tribute to Douglas A. Farnie, Preston: Carnegie, (2009), 39-57 (with Andrew Marrison and Tim Leunig).
  • "Agriculture and Structural Change: Lessons from the UK Experience in an International Context", in Lains, P. and Pinilla, V. (eds.), Agriculture and Economic Development in Europe since 1870, London: Routledge, (2008), 76-94.
  • "Economics of the Two World Wars", in Durlauf, S. and Blume, L. (eds.), New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, Second Edition, Basingstoke: Palgrave, (2008), (with Mark Harrison).
  • "Britain's Twentieth-Century Productivity Performance in International Perspective", in Crafts, N.F.R, Gazeley, I. and Newell, A. (eds.), Work and Pay in Twentieth-Century Britain, Oxford: Oxford University Press, (2007), 301-329 (with Mary O'Mahony).
  • "Gold Standard", in Robertson, R. and Scholte, J.A. (eds.), Encyclopedia of Globalization, New York: Routledge (2006).
  • "Appendix: Italian GDP during World War I", in Broadberry, S. and Harrison, M. (eds.), The Economics of World War I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (2005), 305-309.
  • "The United Kingdom during World War I: Business as Usual?", in Broadberry, S. and Harrison, M. (eds.), The Economics of World War I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (2005), 206-234, (with Peter Howlett).
  • "The Economics of World War I: An Overview", in Broadberry, S. and Harrison, M. (eds.), The Economics of World War I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (2005), 1-40, (with Mark Harrison).
  • "The Performance of Manufacturing", in Floud, R. and Johnson, P. (eds.), The Cambridge Economic History of Modern Britain, Volume 3: Structural Change, 1939-1999, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, (2004): 57-83.
 Papers Currently Available in Draft Form
  • "British Economic Growth, 1270-1870: An Output -based Approach" (with Bruce Campbell, Alexander Klein, Mark Overton and Bas van Leeuwen).
    Link to pdf here | Link to appendix | Link to database
  • "When did Britain Industrialise?" The Sectoral Distribution of the Labour Force and Labour Productivity in Britain, 1381-1851" (with Bruce Campbell and Bas van Leeuwen).
    Link to pdf
  • "English Medieval Population: Reconciling Time series and Cross Sectional Evidence", (with Bruce Campbell and Bas van Leeuwen)
    Link to pdf here 
  • "Arable Acreage in England, 1270-1871" (with Bruce Campbell and Bas van Leeuwen).
    Link to pdf here
  • Aggregate And Per Capita GDP In Europe, 1870-2000: Continental, Regional And National Data With Changing Boundaries
    Link to pdf here | Link to datasheet here
  • "India and the Great Divergence: An Anglo-Indian Comparison of GDP per capita, 1600-1871"  (with Bishnupriya Gupta)
    Link to pdf here
  • "Japan and the Great Divergence, 730-1870" (with Jean-Pascal Bassino, Kyoji Fukao, Bishnupriya Gupta and Masanori Takashima).
    Link to pdf here


  • Editor, with Phillipp Schofield, of the Economic History Review .
  • President, European Historical Economics Society, 2011-13

 Curriculum Vitae

  • CV (pdf)
Stephen Broadberry