Analysis of Complexity in Communication Sciences: A Study of Structural and Dynamic Complexity in the case of the Internet
Research on complexity in the communication sciences requires paying attention to various key aspects. a) Entitatively, they are dual sciences: they have a social component and an artificial dimension. b) They are applied sciences and the application of these sciences in the contexts of use affects the development of these disciplines. c) They posses a structural and a dynamic side, which leads to diverse forms of complexity. d) Epistemological and ontological factors are relevant, but there are also semantic, logic, methodological, axiological and ethical ones. e) The Interent exemplifies all this. It adds an important ingredient: ICTs, which are the support that enables the transmission of contents and a mediation for the contents themselves.
The axis of this investigation is the study of structural and dynamic complexity in the case of the Internet. Thus, the focus will be on two main aspects. a) Presence of factors of structural complexity in the Internet, looking at their limits. Simon’s contributions (sciences of the artificial and the web) and Rescher’s insights (complexity) may be useful here. b) To develop dynamic complexity in the case of the Internet, which Simon’s and Rescher’s ideas do not reach, but they can be articulated through the distinction between process, evolution and historicity (Gonzalez 2011), as suggested in Gonzalez and Arrojo (2015). These two aspects will to be enquired into on the Internet, observing their philosophico-methodological repercussion and its incidence on developing communication sciences as applied sciences of design.