Simulation and counterfactual reasoning in neuroscience
Realistic computer simulations aim at discovering mechanisms and causal relations underlying the studied phenomena. In biology, the established distinctions between in vivo and in vitro experiments has been extended by the notion of in silico experiments. But are in silico methods genuine experiments or experiments in name only? If they are understood as simulations, what is their epistemic power?
During his stay at the CPNSS/LSE, Michal Hladky will focus on the epistemology of simulations including the intentions, representations and heuristics deployed by epistemic agents. The correction criteria will be based on the mapping account of simulations developed at the University of Geneva and during his visit at the MCMP, Munich.