Michael Zander

Administrative support: Rachel Yarham

Michael Zander took a Double First Honours Degree at Cambridge, obtained a First Class in the LLB and was awarded the Whewell Scholarship in International Law. He took an LLM at Harvard and worked for a year with Sullivan & Cromwell on Wall Street. He then returned to this country, qualified as a solicitor and practised for a period before joining the Department in 1963. He was appointed to a Chair in 1977. He was convener of the Department from 1984 to 1988 and again in 1997-98. He was made an Honorary QC in 1997 and was appointed a Senior Fellow of the British Academy in 2005. He retired from full-time teaching in 1998. In 1999 he gave the Hamlyn Lectures under the title The State of Justice (Sweet & Maxwell, 2000).

In 2010 he received an Honorary Doctorate of Laws at King's College, London. The citation stated: 'He has devoted a long and active career to the study, teaching, practice and improvement of the law, and has made outstanding contributions in both the academic and public spheres. There is no greater authority in the fields to which he has devoted himself: criminal procedure, civil procedure, legal profession and legal services. . .The central mission of his professional life has been to make the justice system work better.

see also Michael Zander's LSE Experts page

Research Interests

Professor Zander's main fields are Criminal Procedure, Civil Procedure, Legal System, Legal Profession and Legal Services.

Since retirement Michael Zander has published new editions of his two books familiar to generations of law students - Cases and Materials on the English Legal System and The Law Making Process and of The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 which is used extensively by practising lawyers, police officers and judges.

His response to several Governmental and other official reports are available on the LSE website (see Reports, below).

External Activities
  • Michael Zander was a member of the Runciman Royal Commission on Criminal Justice (1991-1993). In addition to being a member of the Commission he also conceived and conducted the Commission's main research project - The Crown Court Study - probably the biggest study ever carried out in the English courts.

  • For twenty-five years (1963-1988) he was also Legal Correspondent of The Guardian for whom he wrote more than 1,400 articles.


The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (6th edition 2013)


Cases and Materials on the English Legal System (10th ed., 2007)


The Law Making Process (6th ed. 2004)

Selected articles / chapters in books

‘PACE (The Police and Criminal Evidence) Act 1984: Past, Present and Future’  LSE Law Society and Economy Working Paper Series, WPS 01-2012 May 2012


‘The Green Paper and beyond’ International Journal of the Legal Profession, 2004, pp.123-30


‘Where are we Heading with the Funding of Civil Litigation?’ Civil Justice Quarterly, vol.22,.2003, pp.23-40

Discusses: (1) the increased cost of civil litigation caused by the Woolf reforms; (2) the defects in the conditional fee system; (3) the possibility of a two stage success fee; and (4) the possibility of the introduction of contingency fees. Examines the Ontario Court of Appeal judgment in McIntyre Estate v Ontario on whether contingency fees were in the public interest. Lists the advantages of contingency fees over conditional fees.


‘Preparing the Criminal Case for Trial’ The Judicial Studies Institute Journal, Dublin, vol.3, no.1, November 2003

‘Where are we now on Conditional Fees? Or why this Emperor is Wearing Few, if any, Clothes?’ Modern Law Review, 2002, pp.919-30


‘Will the revolution in the funding of civil litigation in England eventually lead to contingency fees?’ DePaul Law Review, 2002, pp.259-97


‘Forms and functions of the sources of the law and a common law perspective’ in Neighbours in Law, Are Common Law and Civil Law Moving Closer Together ed. A.Eser and C.Rabenstein, Freiburg, 2001, pp.7-43


‘The Jury in the Criminal Process - England and Wales’ in Lay Participation in the Criminal Trial in the XXIst Century Revue Internationale de Droit Penale, 2001, pp.121-58.

‘What on earth is Lord Justice Auld supposed to do?’ Criminal Law Review, 2000, pp.419-35

Reports / discussion papers

Response to Home Office consultation on the future of PACE (May 2007)


Response to Department of Constitutional Affairs Consultation Paper on Jury Research and Impropriety (April 2005)


Response to Home Office Consultation Paper on Defence Disclosure (September 2002)


Response to Lord Justice Auld's Review of the Criminal Courts (November 2001)