Giuliano Castellano

Giuliano CastellanoEmail: G.Castellano@lse.ac.uk
Room:  New Academic Building 6.34
Tel. 020-7955-7547
Twitter: @Giuliano_C

Giuliano G. Castellano, LSE Fellow, holds a Law Degree from Bocconi University (Milan), a PhD in 'Comparative Analysis of Law, Economics and Institutions' (University of Turin, Italy), and a PhD in 'Economics and Social Sciences' from the Ecole Polytechnique of Paris (Preg/CRG). He has taught in Bocconi University (Milan, Italy), Chicago-Kent College of Law (Chicago, IL, USA), Institute for Advanced Study of Pavia (Italy), and the International University College of Turin (Italy) in the fields of: Comparative Law, Financial Markets Regulation, International Finance Law, Law and Economics, and Risk Regulation.

 
Research Interests

His research interests stand in different areas of regulation. By adopting a comparative approach his research has focused on different aspects of financial markets regulation and risk regulation, in particular the regulatory policies adopted to mitigate the impact of natural and man-made disasters.

 
External Activities
  • Giuliano is Research Associate at the Ecole Polytechnique (Preg/CRG) in Paris, where he collaborates on projects related to different regulatory matters.

  • He serves as member of the Italian Delegation at the United Nations Commission for International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), on security interests.

Selected articles
and chapters in books
 

‘Towards a General Framework for a Common Definition of ‘Securities’: Financial Markets Regulation in Multilingual Contexts, Uniform Law Review / Revue de droit uniforme Vol XVII 2012 pp.449-481

The article aims at providing a linguistic and comparative perspective on financial markets governance by investigating the meanings and legal categories underlying the term “securities” in a multilingual society. It first illustrates how the term “securities” is not a straightforward legal concept and requires clear definition – both at the national and transnational levels – to limit regulatory arbitrage and forum shopping phenomena that might endanger investor protection and financial stability. Subsequently, moving from the economic function of securities, the article analyses the legal techniques adopted to define the term “securities” in the United States and in selected European countries, with particular attention to France, Italy and the United Kingdom. The legal and linguistic comparison reveals hidden similarities, converging towards a common a set of shared components related to the concepts of investment, negotiability and value. Notwithstanding this common core, several discrepancies emerge when finally the study focuses on the application of EU securities law and on the legal standardisation efforts carried out by the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO). The article points out that in a globalised and multilingual society, the meanings attributed to the term “securities” have a crucial impact on the overall soundness of the financial system. Furthermore any attempt to reach a common legal definition of the term must consider the implicit cognitive processes, embedded in language, that are necessary to interpret and apply securities law in different legal contexts.

(with: Jeunemaitre A., Lange B.), ‘Reforming European Union Financial Regulation: Thinking through Governance Models’, European Business Law Review Vol. 23, No. 3, 2012, pp. 437-474.

‘Rising from Ashes: A Financial Perspective on Emerging Systemic Risks’ in Alemanno A., Governing Disasters. The Challenges of Emergency Risk Regulation (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2011).

‘Governing Ignorance. Emerging Catastrophic Events: Industry Responses and Policy Frictions’, 3 Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance: Issues and Practices, Vol. 35 No. 3, 2010, pp. 391-415.

The growing interconnections between people, markets and networks together with the development of new technologies have increased the frequency and impact of large-scale disasters around the globe. Many of these events, defined as emerging catastrophic (or systemic) risks, have no previous record. At the same time there is a strong probability that their frequency and impact will increase in the future. This paper takes a governance perspective by assuming that policy actions should be designed to cope with ignorance and large-scale losses, being the primary features characterising such emerging catastrophic risks. Precisely, the governance activity should aim both at expanding the industries' capacity to absorb losses and at acquiring more information about frequency and impact of such losses. However, it appears that some solutions may conflict with policy objectives. Direct governmental interventions to compensate victims and stringent antitrust policy goals might block the development of a market for first-party property insurance for emerging systemic risks. In particular, frictions between competition law and precautionary actions (such as the development of an insurance market for unexpected risks) are here examined. The paper, thus, elicits crucial points that require further elaboration by policy-makers and it advances the idea for a workable legal definition for such line of risk that, by embracing the precautionary principle, avoids policy conflicts.

(with: Bassanini F., Barcellona E., Bussani M., Calabresi G., Garapon A., Djiré M., Guanghua L., Hakimdavar G., Halevi J., Haskell J., Kroncke JJ, Lollini A., Lucarelli A., Mamlyuk BN, Mastruzzo G., Mattei U., Monti A., Muro SA, Nicolò D., Reviglio E., Sartori N., Varady T.), ‘IUC Independent Policy Report: At the End of the End of History - Global Legal Standards: Part of the Solution or Part of the Problem?’, Global Jurist Vol. 9 No. 3, 2009.