'Innocence and burdens of proof in English criminal law'
Law, Probability and Risk (2014) [first published online]
Since the Human Rights Act 1998, scholars and courts have
dedicated considerable attention to the presumption of innocence. A major strand
of the ensuing debate has focused on the scope of this safeguard. Many academics
have argued in favour of according to the presumption a substantive—as opposed
to a procedural—role. In other words, these scholars maintain that the
presumption set in art. 6(2) of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
should have some influence on the definition of criminality. Courts seem
sympathetic to this approach, albeit not following it to the full extent. The
article, instead, defends a procedural understanding of the presumption of
innocence, on the basis of interpretive arguments concerning art. 6(2) ECHR.
Besides, it shows that adopting this conception does not entail lowering the
protection of the individual before the substantive criminal law.
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‘Le Narrazioni nella Giustizia Penale’, in Diritto Penale
Contemporaneo, 15 October 2013
‘La Valutazione della Prova’, in Commentario al Codice di
Procedura Penale (Stefano Guadalupi ed., Casa Editrice La Tribuna, 2nd ed.,
'Two Meanings of "Reasonableness": Dispelling the "Floating"
Reasonable Doubt' Modern Law Review (2013) 76 (5) pp.845-875
‘La Decisione della High Court Inglese nel Caso Nicklinson:
Confermata l’Illiceità dell’Eutanasia Attiva’ – Comment to Tony Nicklinson v.
Ministry of Justice,  EWHC 2381 (Admin), in Diritto Penale
Contemporaneo, 9 October 2012
‘Regno Unito: un Nuovo Importante ‘Right-to-Die Case’ in
Materia di Eutanasia Attiva’ – Comment to Tony Nicklinson v. Ministry of Justice
and Others  EWHC 304 (QB), in Diritto Penale Contemporaneo, 13
'Nascere e Risiedere in Italia non Basta per Essere Cittadino
Italiano…’, in Questione Giustizia (2012), 5, pp. 153-156
'Structuring Inferential Reasoning in Criminal Fact Finding:
An Analogical Theory' in Law, Probability & Risk (2012) 11 (2/3)
The article proposes a normative theory of inferential
reasoning for criminal fact finding, centred on the concept of ‘analogy’. While
evidence law scholars have devoted little attention to the topic, the article
maintains that analogy deserves more consideration. In particular, it argues
that an analogical theory of inferential reasoning has three main advantages.
First, the theory makes it possible to incorporate within a single coherent
framework the important insights of different approaches to ‘reasoning under
uncertainty’; indeed, it welcomes both the Pascalian notion of ‘relevance’ based
on the Bayesian likelihood ratio and the Baconian concept of ‘weight’. Secondly,
it helps advance the conventional understanding of the reference class problem,
an evidential conundrum widely discussed in the recent legal scholarship.
Finally, the theory allows for a functional taxonomy of reasonable doubts.
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'A Retributive Justification for not Punishing Bare Intentions
or: on the Moral Relevance of the ‘Now-Belief' in Law and Philosophy
According to criminal law a person should not be punished for a bare intention
to commit a crime. While theorists have provided consequentialist and epistemic
justifications of this tenet, no convincing retributive justification thereof
has yet been advanced. The present paper attempts to fill this lacuna through
arguing that there is an important moral difference between a future-directed
and a present-directed intention to act wrongfully. Such difference is due to
the restraining influence exercised in the decisional process by the
‘now-belief’, i.e. the belief that the time has come to act, which is
exclusively involved in the latter type of intention.
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'Factual Inference as Analogical Reasoning. A Comment on Peter
Tillers’s "The Structure of Proof in Modern Trials"’ in Law, Probability &
Risk, 10, p. 7 (2011)
Diritto Penale, Patteggiamento e Ragionevole Dubbio, in
Rivista Italiana di Diritto e Procedura Penale, 52, p. 1457 (2009)
‘Lo Stato d’Ebbrezza tra Accertamento Sintomatico e Soglie di
Rilevanza Penale’, in La Prova dei Fatti Psichici (Carmela Piemontese and
Emma Venafro eds., Giappichelli, 2009)
L’Accertamento Sintomatico nella Nuova Fattispecie di Guida
Sotto l’Influenza dell’Alcool alla Prova del Ragionevole Dubbio, in Corriere
del Merito, 23, p. 601 (2008)