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Katharina Ehrhart

LSE Consulting

LSE Enterprise Limited

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London WC2A 2AE


Tel: +44 (0)20 7955 7128




Selected reports

A small selection of our published reports from 2006-12 is below. For more recent updates, see case studiesclient list and LSE Consulting.









Energy and the Economy: The 2030 outlook for UK businesses (npower, 2012)

energy and the economyFive years into the financial crisis, the uncertainties go beyond economics to social trends, environmental concerns and technology. How will Britain’s demographics have changed? When will renewable energy get cheaper? What might be the impact of different policy developments? RWE npower commissioned Professor Sam Fankhauser, Co-Director of the Grantham Research Institute, and his colleague Dr Alex Bowen, to explore three alternative scenarios for how these issues could affect UK energy in 2030.

The first, ‘Hitting the Target’, involves political cohesion in a recovered Eurozone, high levels of investment in the power sector and reduced carbon emissions. The second, ‘Gas is Key’, assumes that economic momentum will lie with Asia. It explores how short-term price gains from switching to gas power are followed by environmental problems from missed carbon targets. Scenario three, ‘Austerity Reigns’, looks at how economic stagnation in the UK and Europe would result in less technological investment, with options such as carbon capture and storage, or shale gas, not being implemented.

The report suggests ways for UK businesses to prepare for this uncertain future, including focusing on energy efficiency, making energy management a senior management issue and taking advantage of self generation opportunities. It was commissioned via LSE Enterprise, LSE’s commercial arm.

See Energy and the Economy: The 2030 Outlook for UK Business (PDF)


 Going Green: How cities are leading the next economy (Global Green Growth Institute, 2012)

LSECities_GoingGreen200This report, by Philipp Rode, Executive Director, LSE Cities, and Graham Floater, Visiting Senior Fellow, LSE Cities, provides an up-to-date overview on the experiences of how cities around the world are making the transition to the green economy.

The first part of the report consists of a global survey of city governments that was conducted by LSE Cities, ICLEI and GGGI in the run-up to the Rio+20 conference and the 2012 Global Green Growth Forum in Copenhagen, in order to increase awareness of the strengths and weaknesses of cities as key contributors to this global green transformation. Its principal aim is to offer a fresh perspective on the environmental challenges that cities face along with the opportunities, progress and barriers to going green and fostering economic growth. The survey covers key aspects of green policies and the green economy, smart city technology, green policy assessment and urban governance.

The second section investigates in greater detail the experience of eight case study cities in facilitating green growth. Given the importance of integrating policies for delivering green growth, four cross-cutting policy programmes were examined, including (1) land-use and transport; (2) eco-districts and buildings; (3) waste, recycling and energy; and (4) electric mobility and renewable energy. Two case study cities were selected for each theme, allowing for comparative analysis, and exploration of how similar objectives are being pursued in different contexts, with different policy tools, and using different types of public-private partnership (PPPs).

See Going Green: How cities are leading the next economy (PDF)

Costs and Benefits of Superfast Broadband (Convergys, 2012) 

fibre opticThe UK Government plans to introduce 100% fast broadband coverage and 90% superfast broadband coverage across the UK by 2015. Convergys Smart Revenue Solutions commissioned a paper from LSE Enterprise on the balance between the costs, the revenues, and the societal benefits of this. Dr Paolo Dini and Claire Milne of LSE’s Department of Media and Communications, and Dr Robert Milne of Antelope Consulting assessed the benefits of broadband investment and issues that must be overcome to take full advantage of it.

The amount of funding needed to meet Government targets, and funding sources (public or private) have been much debated; the paper analyses and presents available data on public policies and implementation strategies in order to inform this debate. It aims to put the amounts in context, for example by comparing an identified £1.1 billion “funding gap” with the £1.3 billion minimum expected proceeds of the forthcoming spectrum auction, or the far larger sums to be invested in energy and transport infrastructure.

Nonethless providing the infrastructure might be easier than getting people to use it. Despite recent progress there remain 7.8 million adults in the UK who have never used the internet. If they are to make effective use of superfast broadband they must be able to afford and want what it offers. The paper explores service offerings that could decrease prices and increase take-up. It also focuses on “smart solutions” and the role they can play in increasing the take-up of broadband services, greater usage and additional revenues.

See Costs and Benefits of Superfast Broadband (PDF)

The 'Olympic Cycling Effect' (Sky and British Cycling, 2012)

bike wheelThe success of Team GB’s cyclists has been mirrored by an increasing participation in cycling in the UK, but there has been little research quantifying its possible influence. Sky and British Cycling, via LSE Enterprise, commissioned keen cyclist Dr Alexander Grous of the Centre for Economic Performance to investigate. Alexander, who has previously undertaken a study quantifying the value of cycling to the UK’s economy, surveyed a thousand people before and after the Olympics to determine whether Team GB's success had led to an increase in cycle use. He found that 52 per cent of those surveyed had been encouraged to cycle more, while 28 per cent had been inspired to buy bikes even before the Games had started.

Alexander says that ‘The Olympic Cycling Effect report represents considerable effort to quantify for the first time the potential impact of elite cycling and nationalistic sentiment on cycling participation in the UK. The research indicates that there was a noticeable upturn in the number of both cyclists and non-cyclists motivated to increase their participation across a spectrum of cycling activities as a direct result of Team GB's medal winning success in the build up and during the 2012 Games.’

 See The 'Olympic Cycling Effect' (PDF)

Working Beyond Government: Evaluation of AusAid's engagement with civil society in developing countries

CommunityCivil society can significantly contribute to positive and sustainable development, and AusAid, the Australian Government’s overseas aid programme, spends about a third of its budget on activities involving civil society organisations. It commissioned Professor Jude Howell of the Department of International Development to evaluate the success of this work.

In a year-long project undertaken via LSE Enterprise, she led a team examining AusAid’s experience across Papua New Guinea, Vanuatu and the Philippines. The team explored the risks of working with civil society organisations and looked at strategic models for engaging with them. They mapped the nature and extent of AusAid’s engagement with civil society in the three target countries, reviewed international good practice and developed a ‘theory of change’ highlighting the contribution of civil society. The report’s key recommendations included investing in knowledge-sharing networks, including civil society in policy dialogue and working efficiently with other organisations to increase the long-term benefits of AusAid assistance.

See Working Beyond Government: Evaluation of AusAid's engagement with civil society in developing countries (PDF)

Study on the Impact of the Single Market on Cohesion: Implications for Cohesion Policy, Growth and Competitiveness (European Commission, 2012)


The EurozoneThis study assessed the impact of the Single Market on growth, competitiveness and employment in EU27, in particular as regards its role in generating disparities and convergence processes. It also analysed the institutional and policy linkages between cohesion policy, the Lisbon process and the Europe 2020 strategy.

The study draws on a range of sources, including desk-based research, modeling work, econometric analysis as well as qualitative assessment through a number of case studies covering regions with different characteristics. Its conclusions concern the alignment of cohesion policy with the Europe 2020 strategy, the integration of regions into the Single Market, the role of leading regions, the quality of public investment, the framework conditions for investments and governance challenges.

See the PDFs Study on the Impact of the Single Market on Cohesion and the annex to the report

Report to Plan Urbanisme Construction Architecture on progress in France's former industrial cities (PUCA, 2011)

LilleThis report by Dr Bert Provan and Celine Kuklowsky of LSE Housing and Communities explores French weak market cities.

It demonstrates that French cities offer models of density, imposing city infrastructure projects, remodelling the public realm, and a strong state role alongside decentralisation.

It shows that there is much to learn from the French approach to city renewal and planning, focused 'major city renewal' projects and social cohesion interventions.

See Report to Plan Urbanisme Construction Architecture on progress in France's former industrial cities (CASE Report 70, PDF)

The British Cycling Economy (Sky and British Cycling, 2011)

CyclingWhen Dr Alexander Grous from the Centre for Economic Performance was asked to quantify the UK's "gross cycling product", he found a sector in transition. Almost a quarter of the population cycle to some degree, with some 1.3 million new frequent and regular cyclists added in 2010 and 208 million cycle journeys made.

The study, commissioned by Sky and British Cycling, is the first to pull together key areas and results that comprise the UK cycling sector such as bicycle manufacturing, cycle and accessory sales, cycle-related employment and the economic and health benefits contributed by regular cyclists.

Dr Grous estimated that cycling generates £2.9 billion for the UK economy, equalling a gross cycling product of £230 per cyclist each year. If initiatives to stimulate greater cycling participation are successful, coupled with social, economic and environmental drivers, a 20 per cent increase in current cycling levels by 2015 could save the economy £207 million in terms of reduced traffic congestion and £71 million due to lower pollution levels.

See The British Cycling Economy (PDF)

Feasibility Study on Student Lending (European Commission, 2011)

creditHigher education has a positive economic impact at individual, country and EU levels, with technological advances continuing to drive the demand for skills. However, constraints on public spending across the EU mean that higher education can no longer be financed entirely by taxpayers. Professor Nicholas Barr of the European Institute led a study for the EC Directorate General for Education and Culture, assessing the feasibility of an EU-wide student loan facility. The researchers provided a recommendation for an efficient and accessible student loan system to support the core objectives of access and quality.

See Feasibility Study on Student Lending (PDF)

Differences in costs of and access to pharmaceutical products in the EU (European Parliament, 2011)

the cost of medicinePharmaceutical prices vary considerably across EU states, differing by up to a quarter for a basket of 150 medicines. A single drug on which the patent has expired can cost as much as 16 times more in some places than others.

Price is only one factor affecting the availability of pharmaceuticals within a country, with other factors including levels of drug use, overall expenditure on medicines, market structure, regulatory policies, and cultural practices.

The report suggests policy options to strengthen coordination among Member States and exchange best practice.

See Differences in costs of and access to pharmaceutical products in the EU (PDF)

Measures to Promote the Situation of Roma EU Citizens in the European Union (European Parliament, 2011)

Pre-schoolThis study presents a critical assessment of the national action plans, measures and instruments designed to promote the situation of Roma EU citizens in the EU, focusing on six new and six old member states.

The researchers look at education, employment, housing and health care measures that have or could be undertaken, presenting practical policy recommendations for the facilitation of Roma integration in the EU. Suggestions include desegregating schooling and removing beurocratic obstacles to enrolling children in school, promoting entrepreneurship, negotiating rules for coexistence between the Roma and local communities and the improvement of sanitation facilities.

The report also identifies the legal instruments and policies which can be used and put in place at the EU level, outlining the elements of a European Strategy for Roma Inclusion.

See Measures to Promote the Situation of Roma EU Citizens in the European Union (PDF) 

The European Union and the Role of the Human Rights Council (European Parliament, 2011)

Human rightsDr Karen Smith of LSE's Department of International Relations analysed the role of the European Union in the Human Rights Council, in the context of a review of the Council underway in 2011. She found that the EU's influence in the Human Rights Council to date is mixed. The agenda and outcomes of the Human Rights Council (HRC) have been dominated by other blocs, and the EU has not been actively pushing the HRC to consider situations in which human rights are being violated. The study concludes by offering recommendations for increasing the EU's influence in the review process and the Human Rights Council more broadly.

See The European Union and the Role of the Human Rights Council  (PDF) 

Economic Evaluation of Early Intervention Services (Department of Health, 2010) 

thinkingEngland has led the development of the Early Intervention in Psychosis (EIP) service, which provides a responsive specialist service at an early stage. To extend the evidence basis for using EIP, the Department of Health commissioned a new series of models to explore the long-term economic impact of EIP on employment and on services beyond the NHS.

Professor Martin Knapp, director of the Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU) and his colleague A-La Park, worked with Dr Paul McCrone of King's College on the project. They found that using an EIP approach rather than standard mental health care for one cohort of patients with psychosis would save up to £40 million per year. Effects of EIP include reduced NHS pressure, increased employment, and reduced costs from suicide, providing large initial cost reductions and longer-term savings of around £20 million per year – as well as significant social benefits.

See Economic Evaluation of Early Intervention Services (PDF)

Ageing Societies: Challenges and Opportunities (Bupa, 2010)

Ageing societies challenges and opportunitiesIncreases in life expectancy mean that the world's population is ageing, with rising care costs but fewer resources upon which to draw. Yet many people are not preparing financially for old age.

The LSE report warns of the disintegration of the informal care network and an impending care crunch, and explores policy measures that could mitigate these.

See Ageing Societies: Challenges and Opportunities (PDF)

Southern Sudan at odds with itself: Dynamics of conflict and predicaments of peace (PACT Sudan, 2010)

A child's hope for Sudan's futureThe objective of the report was to provide evidence to inform key actors in Southern Sudan in consulting Southern Sudan's citizens and in designing, implementing and prioritising policies and activities that support peace and stability.

Three research teams spent a month gathering data in Eastern Equatoria, Upper Nile and Greater Bahr el-Ghazal, returning to Sudan during the 2010 elections. They conducted over 300 interviews, administered questionnaires, held drawing competitions in schools and ran participatory exercises with women, youths and elders.

They found that despite great achievements, neither the Government of Southern Sudan nor the international agencies working there have achieved what they set out to do during the Interim Period. Accountable government structures on all levels, reliable service delivery, civic education, security and a coordinated effort among development agencies remain elusive goals.

See Southern Sudan at odds with itself: Dynamics of conflict and predicaments of peace (PDF)

Public Spending Priorities in London (Greater London Authority, 2010)

LondonThe objectives of the project were to (i) set out the pattern of public spending in London and how it differs from other regions; (ii) demonstrate how needs differ between London and the rest of the UK; and (iii) give some indication of whether and how priorities might shift to meet strategic needs.

See Public Spending Priorities in Greater London (PDF)

Enterprise Efficiency in the Use of ICT: First Interim Report on LSE-Dell Research (Dell, 2009)

time is moneyAxicom approached LSE Enterprise on behalf of their client, Dell Inc to research and report on IT efficiency. The main objective of the project was to investigate how IT has been driven by efficiency and scale in large enterprises, with the goal of identifying 3-5 key factors central to this.

The analysis was based on survey data and in-depth interviews with large enterprise CIOs, carried out at six-month intervals. The final report will be issued during summer 2010.

See Enterprise Efficiency in the Use of ICT: First Interim Report on LSE-Dell Research (PDF)

Beyond BRIC: Offshoring in Non-BRIC Countries: Egypt - A New Growth Market (ITIDA, 2009)

inheriting globalisationThe global offshore outsourcing market for IT and business services exceeded $55 billion USD in 2008, and some estimates suggest an annual growth rate of 20% over the next five years.

It is common to talk of Brazil, Russia, India and China as the BRIC inheritors of globalisation, offering both offshore IT and back-office services, and also, with their vast populations and developing economies, huge potential markets.

This report, however, which was commissioned by the Information Technology Industry Development Agency (ITIDA) of Egypt, set out to investigate to what extent, within this context, non-BRIC countries could also be seen to be potential inheritors of globalisation.

A representative sample of 14 countries drawn from Central and Eastern Europe, the African Mediterranean, the Americas and Asia Pacific, where the main active non-BRIC economies can be found, provided the focus for the systematic comparison of their relative competitiveness from which a benchmarking index could be developed.

Setting out the long-term context and trends through which these countries are emerging as IT and business service 'hot spots', and identifying the global sourcing trends and pressures that are likely to develop in the next five years and their implications for these non-BRIC countries, the report turns in its final chapters to consider Egypt in more detail to assess its current positioning, the future path that it can take, and the challenges it faces as well as actions needed for it to get there.

See Beyond BRIC: Offshoring in Non-BRIC Countries: Egypt - A New Growth Market [PDF]

Housing for mental health patients (Department of Health, 2008)

housingHousing services for people with mental health problems have been the focus of several governmental initiatives.

Despite the increase in the provision of housing services for people with mental health problems, little is known about what users are in different types of housing services, for how long they are in the projects, what the aims of care are, and what costs different types of services generate. This information is essential for evaluating existing housing services and planning future, similar housing. As a result, this stock taking survey has been conducted over a 16-month period for the UK Department of Health to establish the characteristics of users and services in England. It presents nationwide data on existing housing support for people with mental health problems, before identifying housing projects in six representative areas in England, selected based on indices for deprivation, urbanity, and the level of mental health funding.

To assess the characteristics of the users of these housing schemes, random samples of 100 users for each of the categories of care models were selected across all six areas. Data on these patients was obtained through managers. Socio-demographic and clinical data, characteristics of current care provision and costs were assessed for each user in the sample.

Innovation studies: technology, policy and productivity programme (Microsoft, 2008)

innovationLSE Enterprise was approached by Microsoft, a software developer engaged in lobbying the European Commission and Parliament, to appoint an expert team of academic consultants to research and write a series of four reports on various aspects of innovation.

Working with our nominated academic director, LSE Enterprise put together a strong research team, who continue to work closely with the client to deliver each of the reports to a standard suitable for consumption by top EU policy-makers, the client's industry sector, the press and the public.

The reports are designed and printed professionally to ensure maximum quality and consistency across the series.

See Innovation skills development and labour - a European perspective [PDF]

Mobile Life European Report (Carphone Warehouse, 2007)

life with mobilesIn 2006 Carphone Warehouse approached LSE Enterprise to commission advice on and substantial academic contribution to The Mobile Life Project, a research programme exploring the impact of the mobile phone on society, which they were trying to develop.

It was agreed that a senior LSE academic in Information Systems would act as a consultant to the project, helping to design the research programme, analyse and report the results, and undertake media activity for the publicising of these results.

The project was carried out in three phases: phase one, the Mobile Life Report was published in June 2006, and phase two, The Mobile Life Youth Report in September the same year. LSE's third period of engagement with the project took the form of a developing a pan-European survey, which was conducted by Ipsos Mori during 2007, resulting in the final Mobile Life European Report.

See Mobile Life European Report [PDF]

AIM report: From local to global: The rise of AIM as a stock market for growing companies (London Stock Exchange, 2007)

In the light of a great deal of negative press activity and factual inaccuracies presented in the media, The London Stock Exchange approached LSE Enterprise to commission an independent research study, which would analyse and comment on the Alternative Investment Market (AIM), London's stock market for small or growing businesses.

This report, which looked extensively at the statistical data available, as well as the regulatory reforms which AIM has undergone throughout its history, was designed as an authoritative guide to the development, governance and dynamics of AIM and of its contribution to the UK economy.

The report, published in full, electronically (an abridged hard copy is also available), considers both how successful AIM has been to date, as well as the reasons for its various successes, and the challenges that it has faced.

See From local to global - the rise of AIM as a stock market for growing companies [PDF]

Government on the Web III (National Audit Office, UK, 2007)

online servicesThis project, a value-for-money study of e-government for the UK National Audit Office, was commissioned to establish the progress in delivering services on-line, in order to understand the improvements needed within the organisation and management of central government e-services.

Despite major investment in e-government in the UK, the levels of public take-up and the use of services has lagged behind those of comparator nations in the European Union and outside. The study was developed to examine the resources being put into online provision, in terms of costs and staff numbers, as well as the current levels of usage being made of the services by the general public in the light of comments suggested by the Committee of Public Accounts in 2002 and the 2005 Cabinet Office strategy 'Transformational Governance'.

The project methodology focused on developing a census of all central government main websites and those in English local authorities, which was later extended to cover major websites used by central departments or agencies under other names. A survey of Chief Information Officers handling website and e-government policy and the mapping of domain as a whole was also carried out, and focus groups were established to analyse barriers to greater use.

The report was supplemented by an additional volume with evidence in support of main report, web materials to supplement the evidence report, and a good practice guide for public sector agencies on maximising usage of websites, online information and e-services.

Crisis services for mentally ill people (National Audit Office, 2007)

pathways through the systemThis study, carried out by a number of senior academics based within the Personal Social Services Research Unit (PSSRU) at LSE, examined both current and potential care service programmes for patients with mental health problems.

Using a decision model, LSE academics were able to map the pathways which patients follow after a crisis, which in the absence of a Crisis Resolution and Home Treatment (CRHT) care service programme, would have a high likelihood of resulting in an inpatient admission. The model compares CRHTs and usual care from secondary services (ie 'standard' community mental health teams), and was constructed from not just one but all relevant studies and was built so as to represent as closely as possible the routes that people take through the mental health system (broadly defined) with and without contact with CRHT services.

The probabilities of different care consequences occurring were obtained from published and ongoing trials and observational studies, routine data sources and expert opinion. The project measured cost along a number of dimensions, including: health service utilisation (including use of the Mental Health Act, inpatient admissions etc); utilisation of other services (for example social care, special accommodation, criminal justice); employment and associated productivity effects; suicides and other premature mortality; and family impact.

Examining the Impact of Population Mobility on Community Cohesion and Local Services (London Councils, 2007)


population movementThis study, commissioned by the London Councils, was developed to investigate and measure a number of impacts of population mobility and transience on London boroughs.

Looking at the scale of recent migration and other mobility affecting the capital; the existing sources of research into the costs and consequences of population mobility; boroughs' own experience of mobility and the impacts this generates; and estimates of some of the costs of mobility for boroughs, the report develops a detailed description of some of the service consequences of population movement, as well as the implications of mobility for local government finance and evidence about the relationship between transience and social cohesion.

CIOs and IT security breaches (McAfee, 2006)

information securityThis study, commissioned by McAfee, considered that computer security is much more than the application of anti-viral patches and checks on data integrity, such that it is integral to the core of all information-intensive businesses.

Drawing on the full range of disciplines that contribute to social studies of information systems management, a research methodology was devised that would focus particularly on the banking and financial services sectors, making it possible to capture attitudes and behaviours that not only affect the very largest and most influential firms in the European economy, but also to focus on a community of Chief Information Officers (CIOs).

By concentrating on two leading banking and financial services' firms in each of four European countries, including Britain, France, Germany and the Netherlands, the research team were able to successfully gauge the attitudes and likely behaviours of CIOs with regard to information systems security software in the near future.

See International Perspectives on Information Security Practices [PDF]

The impact of mobile television (Nokia, 2006)

viewing transformedThe aim of this project was to explore the impact of mobility on television. It focused on the ways in which mobile television may transform people's experience of viewing and consuming television. It also addressed the ways advertising may change with the introduction and adoption of mobile television.

In terms of methodology, the research primarily drew on a literature review. In addition, the research also included interviews with industry and academic experts. The report discusses how television and advertising are likely to evolve in the future.

The key questions which were addressed in the report were 'How will mobile TV transform the way people consume and view television' and 'How will mobile television impact advertising'. The project ran from March to November 2006

See This box was made for walking - how will mobile television transform viewers'experience and change advertising? [PDF]