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Marginalization in Urban China

Comparative Perspectives

Edited by Fulong Wu and Chris Webster

Published by Palgrave Macmillan|

Marginalization in urban China is a consequence of the processes that constrain the disadvantaged from making a claim to citizenship. This book provides insights into marginalization in Chinese cities, and enriches social inequality research by creating comparative perspectives on property right changes, rural to urban migration, the role of the state and welfare restructuring. It covers a wide range of topics such as social inequality and the polarization debates, neoliberalism and the urban poor, urbanization, citizenship and property rights, residential segregation, and reemployment training.

The contributors draw on their extensive experiences in urban inequality research to highlight that marginalization in urban China is related to constrained rights rather than deserted 'outcasts'. They base their analyses on up-to-date empirical materials from in-depth interviews, quantitative social surveys, and detailed population census data, which have not been disclosed on such a detailed geographical scale before.

Contents

Introduction: China's Urban Marginalization in Comparative Perspectives; F.Wu & C.Webster

PART I: CONCEPT AND COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES OF MARGINALIZATION

  • Urban Inequality: Its Definition, Measurement, Causes and Importance; C.Hamnett
  • Neoliberalism and the Urban Poor: A View from Latin America; A.Gilbert

PART II: PROPERTY RIGHTS AND MARGINALIZATION IN CHINA

  • Entitlement to the Benefits of Urbanisation: Comparing Migrant and Peri-Urban 'Peasants'; C.Webster & Y.Zhao
  • Property Rights, Citizenship and the Making of the New Poor in Urban China; F.Wu
  • The Strength of Property Rights, Prospects for the Disadvantaged, and Constraints on the Actions of the Politically Powerful in Hong Kong and China; A.Smart
  • Empowerment or Marginalization: Land, Housing and Property Rights in Poor Neighbourhoods; H.B.Shin

PART III: RURAL-URBAN MIGRATION AND MARGINALIZATION

  • Rural-Urban Migration in China: Scale, Composition, Pattern and Deprivation; A.Hussain & Y.Wang
  • Private Rental Housing in 'Urban Villages' in Shenzhen: Problems or Solutions?; Y.P.Wang, Y.Wang & J. Wu
  • Chinese Urban Villages as Marginalized Neighbourhoods under Rapid Urbanization; Y.Liu & S.He

PART IV: DEPRIVATION AND SEGREGATION

  • Multiple Deprivation in Urban China: An Analysis of Individual Survey Data; Y.Yuan & F.Wu
  • Post-Reform Residential Segregation in Three Chinese Cities: Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou; Z.Li & F.Wu

PART V: STATE ACTION

  • The Urban Dibao: Guarantee for Minimum Livelihood or for Minimal Turmoil?; D.J.Solinger
  • State Funded Reemployment Training and Participation of Informal Employment in Tianjin; B.Li & H.Peng
  • What has been Marginalized? Marginalization as the Constrained 'Right to the City' in Urban China; F.Wu & C.Webster

 

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Marginalization in Urban China