India constitutes 16 per cent of the world’s population and about four per cent of the world’s fresh water reserve. With a population of over 1.2 billion, which is growing at a rate of 1.5 to 2.0 percent per annum, per capita availability of water has reduced from 5300 cubic metre per person per year in 1955 to 1545 cubic metres in 2011. Besides population growth, the increasing economic development, industrialisation, urbanisation and lifestyle changes in India during the last few decades has resulted in a substantial increase in demand for water. Consequentially, the setting up of appropriate institutional mechanisms for efficient, equitable and sustainable water resource development, management and allocation is a major policy challenge.
In this context, the LSE India Observatory and the University of Hyderabad, India, are jointly undertaking research into urban water supply and governance. This project is led in the UK by Dr Ruth Kattumuri, Co-Director LSE Asia Research Centre and LSE India Observatory, and in India by Dr Satyapriya Rout, University of Hyderabad. Dr Rout was the Sir Ratan Tata Visiting Fellow 2012-13 at the LSE Asia Research Centre.
The research is supported by a grant from the UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI) to whom we are grateful.