Martin Giraudeau is a sociologist and historian of accounting, and more broadly of management, organizations and capitalism. His work draws on methods from the sociology and history of science and technology, which he applies to the sciences and technologies of business, so as to explain their historical emergence as well as the evolutions of their roles in organizations and the economy since the early-modern period.
Martin has conducted extensive empirical research on the shifting forms and uses of business plans in entrepreneurship, from the 18th century until today. He is currently completing two books on the topic: one on foundational controversies over business plan formats in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, based on the case of the founding of the DuPont de Nemours corporation; the other on the rise of business plans as a standardized technology of the future since the mid-20th century. He has, in parallel, expanded his empirical focus to the study of projects beyond entrepreneurship, as well as to the role of records and record-keeping in the management of business continuity.
Martin holds a PhD from the University of Toulouse (France, 2010). As a doctoral candidate, he was also a visiting research student at FGV-EAESP in São Paulo (Brazil, 2005) and a Fulbright Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA, 2008). Since joining the LSE in 2009, Martin has been a Visiting Professor at the European University in Saint Petersburg (Russia, 2014) and a Faculty Fellow at the Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History at Harvard University (USA, 2015-16).